Category Archives: Religion, Politics & Sociology

Religion with Politics and Sociology

Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Arihiro Fukuda – Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars
Published: 1998-01-08 | ISBN: 0198206836 | PDF | 192 pages | 8 MB

This book places the political thought of mid-seventeenth-century England within the context of the English civil wars and offers fresh insights into the principles on which two of the great figures of political thought, Thomas Hobbes and James Harrington, constructed their main arguments. Arihiro Fukuda shows Harrington to have been, no less than Hobbes, a theorist of absolute sovereignty. But where Hobbes repudiated the mixed governments of classical antiquity, Harrington was convinced that mixed government, far from being the enemy of absolute sovereignty, was its essential foundation. Fukuda shows how Harrington, in recasting Hobbes's thought, achieved an originality and profundity as striking as his rivals.

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Volunteer Police in the United States: Programs, Challenges, and Legal Aspects

Elizabeth C. Bartels – Volunteer Police in the United States: Programs, Challenges, and Legal Aspects
Published: 2013-12-04 | ISBN: 3319023640 | PDF | 50 pages | 3 MB

This work examines in-depth the phenomenon of volunteer policing in the United States. Due to a combination of municipal budget cuts, decreased manpower, and a renewed interest in community partnership, everyday citizens are increasingly joining the police rank and file. This trend provides low-cost solutions for a number of policing problems, but also brings its own special challenges and considerations. This work provides a historical overview of volunteer police in the United States and abroad; an practical overview of volunteer programs throughout the United States including training programs, requirements and qualifications; a close examination of two central types of laws governing volunteer police units: the "Stand Your Ground" law and the "Good Samaritan" law; and overview of the dangers that can face volunteer police units, and a comparative analysis with volunteer programs worldwide. It will be of interest to researchers in police studies, criminal justice administration, and for policymakers and practitioners working with police organization and training.

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Rethinking Virtue Ethics

Michael Winter – Rethinking Virtue Ethics
Published: 2011-09-10 | ISBN: 9400721927 | PDF | 290 pages | 3 MB

Rethinking Virtue Ethics offers a model of Aristotelian virtue ethics based on a deductive paradigm. This book argues that, contrary to what many contemporary thinkers are inclined to believe, Aristotelian virtue ethics is consistent with at least some action-guiding moral principles being true unconditionally, and that a justification for general moral principles can be grounded in fundamental concepts within Aristotle’s theory. An analysis of ethical propositions that hold for the most part is proposed that fits well within the deductive paradigm developed.
This unique interpretation of virtue ethics has implications for recent discussions of the virtues in social psychology, issues about how fundamental moral principles are known, questions about the justification of inalienable rights, debates about moral particularism and generalism, and discussions of moral realism and anti-realism.

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