FREEDownload : The Mamluks 1250-1517 (Men-at-Arms Series 259)
David Nicolle, Angus McBride – The Mamluks 1250-1517 Osprey Publishing | 1993 | ISBN: 1855323141 | English | 48 pages | PDF | 14.72 MB Men-at-Arms Series 259
The Mamluks 1250-1517 (Men-at-Arms Series 259) In Europe the Mamluks of Egypt are remembered as so-called 'Slave Kings' who drove out the Crusaders from the Holy Land; but they were far more than that. Though its frontiers barely changed, the Mamluk Sultanate remained a 'great power' for two and a half centuries. Its armies were the culmination of a military tradition stretching back to the 8th century, and provided a model for the early Ottoman Empire, whose own armies reached the gates of Vienna only twelve years after the Mamluks were overthrown. This absorbing text by David Nicolle explores the organisation and tactics of these fascinating people.
FREEDownload : A Turning Point in Mamluk History: The Third Reign of Al-Nasir Muhammad Ibn Qalawun (1310-1341)
A Turning Point in Mamluk History: The Third Reign of Al-Nasir Muhammad Ibn Qalawun (1310-1341) (Islamic History and Civilization) by Amalia Levanoni Brill Academic Pub | February 1, 1995 | English | ISBN: 9004101829 | 221 pages | PDF | 12 MB This text deals with the process of decline of the Mameluk state (1250-1517). Its main thesis is that the origins of this process are to be found in the third reign of al-Nasir Muhammad Ibn Qalawun, and more specifically in the changes he effected in the Mameluk system. The Mameluk army was the first to be confronted with these changes, whose impact on the social and political life of the Mameluk elite was already felt during al-Nasir's lifetime. This text follows the developments to the end of autonomous Mameluk rule and reveals the transformation they wrought in the Mameluk code of values and political concepts. A final chapter deals with the overall economic decline of the Mameluk state and establishes the link of its various causes – demographic decline, monetary crises, the collapse of agriculture and industry – with Mameluk government misrule. The conclusion is reached that it was al-Nasir's expenditure policy and its repercussions on the economic reform which reveal his reign as a point of no return.
A Turning Point in Mamluk History: The Third Reign of Al-Nasir Muhammad Ibn Qalawun (1310-1341) |