Tag Archives: 1929.

Tim und Struppi #0-24

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Tim und Struppi #0-24
Verlag : Carlsen | 1978 -1999 | German | Cbr | 25 Volumen | 2,04 Gb

Tim und Struppi #0-24
Tim und Struppi (im französischsprachigen Original Les aventures de Tintin) ist eine der bekanntesten und bedeutendsten europäischen Comicserien. Der Belgier Hergé (1907-1983) schrieb und zeichnete die humoristischen Abenteuercomics von 1929 bis zum Ende seines Lebens. Der Held der Geschichten ist der junge belgische Reporter Tim, der um die ganze Welt reist und in Abenteuergeschichten verwickelt wird. Die Comicfigur wurde am 10. Januar 1929 erstmals der Öffentlichkeit vorgestellt. Insgesamt entstanden 24 Comic-Alben. Den geplanten 25. Band mit dem Titel Tim und die Alphakunst konnte Hergé bis zu seinem Tod nicht mehr fertigstellen. Die Serie inspirierte viele Künstler, darunter den Regisseur Steven Spielberg und den Maler Andy Warhol. Fachleute, die sich ausführlich mit diesem Thema beschäftigen, werden nach dem belgischen Originaltitel der Serie Tintinologen genannt.
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Tim und Struppi #0-24

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Tim und Struppi #0-24
Verlag : Carlsen | 1978 -1999 | German | Cbr | 25 Volumen | 2,04 Gb

Tim und Struppi #0-24
Tim und Struppi (im französischsprachigen Original Les aventures de Tintin) ist eine der bekanntesten und bedeutendsten europäischen Comicserien. Der Belgier Hergé (1907-1983) schrieb und zeichnete die humoristischen Abenteuercomics von 1929 bis zum Ende seines Lebens. Der Held der Geschichten ist der junge belgische Reporter Tim, der um die ganze Welt reist und in Abenteuergeschichten verwickelt wird. Die Comicfigur wurde am 10. Januar 1929 erstmals der Öffentlichkeit vorgestellt. Insgesamt entstanden 24 Comic-Alben. Den geplanten 25. Band mit dem Titel Tim und die Alphakunst konnte Hergé bis zu seinem Tod nicht mehr fertigstellen. Die Serie inspirierte viele Künstler, darunter den Regisseur Steven Spielberg und den Maler Andy Warhol. Fachleute, die sich ausführlich mit diesem Thema beschäftigen, werden nach dem belgischen Originaltitel der Serie Tintinologen genannt.
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Researching Japanese War Crimes Records: Introductory Essays

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Edward Drea, Greg Bradsher, Robert Hanyok, James Lide, "Researching Japanese War Crimes Records: Introductory Essays"
2006 | ISBN-10: 1880875284 | 232 pages | PDF | 3 MB

Researching Japanese War Crimes Records: Introductory Essays
This is a technical manual and essential guidebook not only for those who wish to seriously research Japanese War Crimes, but also for researchers interested in POW affairs and biological and chemical warfare testing in general. Substantial part of intelligence efforts relating to Japan related to efforts to recover captured Allied military personnel. The authors also thoroughly discuss what records are available on this topic, and how it happened that bulk of these records was returned after the War to Japan. The most sensitive part of this book can be found in the end: the decision not to pursue trials with Japanese war criminals for their experiments with bacteriological and chemical warfare on humans; and exploitation of Class A war criminals by the U.S. authorities as intelligence assets in containment of communism in Asia.

Introduction (Edward Drea): war crimes committed by the Japanese against other Asians concerned few Americans, except for mistreatment of Allied POWs. This changed after publication of The Rape of Nanking in 1997. After this, U.S. veterans renewed claims against the Japanese government, survivors of experiments which took place at Ishii's Unit 731 spoke up, and the issue of "comfort women" resurfaced. Whilst Germany accepted responsibility for WW2 and apologized, Japan rejected any responsibility for WW2 atrocities. Many senior Japanese Class A criminals escaped justice, including Ishii Shiro. Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal resulted in conviction of 25 defendants, whilst the Soviet led Khabarovsk trial brought to trial 5.379 of them and convicted 4.300. In 2000, U.S. Congress passed the Japanese Imperial Government Disclosure Act, and the Interagency Working Group was created. Despite systematic destruction of Japanese records in the end of the WW2, the Marines and OSS managed to seize large numbers of documents. Unit 731 records concerning biological and chemical warfare fell in the Soviet hands. The main focus of the U.S. authorities was on individuals responsible for Pearl Harbor, mistreatment of U.S. POWs, and war crimes against Caucasian women.

Documentary evidence (Daquing Yang): By outbreak of WW2, war was by no means an unregulated business. Japan did sign the 1929 Geneva Convention but not the treatment of POWs amendment. After the war, there was a serious problem with documentary evidence, as less than 0.1% materials survived the destruction. The only people interested in investigation of Japanese war crimes were former POWs and a few historians. Of 132.000 U.S. and British POWs held by the Japanese, 27% died, compared to 4% of those who died when in German or Italian hands. Most deadly places and incidents included the Bataan death march, Thai-Burma railway, biological and chemical warfare units, and transport ships. In 1948, the Allies convicted 23 Japanese doctors who worked at the Kyushu University of experiments on U.S. airmen. The charges were vivisection, wrongful removal of bodily parts, and cannibalism.

Recently declassified NARA records (James Lide): This chapter includes survey of 100.000 pages released under JIGDA, mainly with focus on biological and chemical warfare units, treatment of POWs, comfort women conscripted from occupied territories and forced to become prostitutes, and Allied policies regarding war crimes. Most valuable is overview of records from different agencies as they were received, and methodology used for review of samples: OSS documents on bacterial and chemical warfare and the Ramona project (Japanese atomic research and uranium mining in Manchuria); the State Department records relating to mistreatment of U.S. POWs and files relating to clemency for Japanese war criminals; Army Intelligence records, FBI files on assets / threats and their treason investigation files; NSA intercepts; and clemency proceedings from the 1950's.

Japanese war crimes records at NARA – Research starting points (NARA staff): precise location of records kept by NARA from all sources and description of its content. The author pays special attention to areas of interest, such as U.S. POWs at Mukden, and records on BW/CW warfare and impunity for Ishii Shiro in exchange for information on his experiments; and records which have been declassified for years but underexplored by researchers.

Wartime COMINT records in NARA about war crimes (Robert Hanyok): very interesting insight into technical challenges of interception and processing of coded messages in Japanese, which had to be transferred over huge landmass of Asia and the Pacific ocean. Only small percentage of these records was translated and disseminated.

The exploitation of captured and seized Japanese records (Greg Bradsher): In September 1945, Colonel Sidney Mashbir (U.S. Army, ATIS), confronted Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs with extensive evidence of war crimes against POWs and civilians. State Department was reluctant to present the evidence to the Japanese because of concerns over disclosure of sources and operational security. In 1942, the Washington Document Center established by the Navy sent a special unit to Japan which seized over 400.000 documents.

A constantly returning irritant: returning captured documents in 1946-61 (Greg Bradster): In 1948 and `49, CIA handed over large number of records to the Library of Congress and NARA, as the record no longer had operational but only historical value. Policy was discussed t the highest level, and a decision was finally made in January 1950. Some of the records were microfilmed before return to Japan.

The intelligence that wasn't (Michael Petersen): This is the most interesting part of the book as it deals with the issue of CIA assets from the ranks of Japanese war criminals. To their credit it has to be noted that many of them were later in the 1950's assessed as liability and dropped. Operation Takematsu (intelligence gathering on foreign targets and domestic communists) effectively allowed the Japanese to engage in criminal activities abroad. The most ill-famous examples described here are Arisue Seizo, Tsuji Masanobu, Sakata Sadamasa, and Kadama Yoshio.
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The Definition of a Peripheral Economy: Turkey 1923-1929

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The Definition of a Peripheral Economy: Turkey 1923-1929 By Caglar Keyder
Publisher: C U P 2009 | 168 Pages | ISBN: 0521109027 , 0521236991 | PDF | 5 MB

The Definition of a Peripheral Economy: Turkey 1923-1929
The period of Turkish history from the foundation of the Republic in 1923 to the depression in 1929 was characterised by a minimum of state intervention in the economy. This book, which illuminates the ways in which the forces of world capitalism acted upon and structured the peripheral formation of the Turkish economy in this period, provides a clear case study in the relationship of dependent economies to the capitalist world-system. Professor Keyder emphasises the importance, as mechanisms in the maintenance of existing economic relations, of two networks: that of trade, connecting producers with external markets; and that of credit, through which a dependency between foreign suppliers of funds and local users was established. This important contribution to the theoretical analysis of economic dependency will interest historians, economists and sociologists studying both historical and contemporary forms of economic peripheralisation.
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The Great Depression (Economics: Taking the Mystery Out of Money)

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The Great Depression (Economics: Taking the Mystery Out of Money) by Brian Duignan
English | 2012 | ISBN: 1615308903 | ISBN-13: 9781615308903 | 117 pages | EPUB | 4,5 MB
When the United States suffered through the Great Recession of 2007-09, the downturn was frequently referred to as the worst since the Great Depression. Indeed, at 18 months, the Great Recession was the longest recession the U.S. had experienced since the 1930s.

The Great Depression (Economics: Taking the Mystery Out of Money)
Still, even that recent experience cannot give people today much of a feel for what America went through from 1929 to 1939, when the Great Depression held the nation (and much of the world) in its grip.

Spanning two recessions totalling a combined 56 months, the Great Depression was not simply a temporary economic setback but a period of severe hardship that profoundly affected both rich and poor. It changed the course of world politics and left a permanent mark on U.S. government institutions and American popular culture. In the generation that witnessed it the Great Depression instilled a profound caution about money, an ethos that was in stark contrast to the excesses that later led to the global financial crisis, which significantly worsened the Great Recession in 2008-09.

This book is designed to give readers a view of the Great Depression, not purely from an economic standpoint but also with respect to its personal, political, and cultural effects. This book will also give readers a sense of the diverse forces that influence economic growth. A discussion of economic cycles is a useful starting point for this examination of the Great Depression because it helps put the events of the time in perspective.
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Hollywood’s African American Films: The Transition to Sound

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Hollywood's African American Films: The Transition to Sound by Professor Ryan Jay Friedman
English | 2011 | ISBN: 0813550483, 0813550491 | 288 pages | PDF | 3 MB

Hollywood’s African American Films: The Transition to Sound
In 1929 and 1930, during the Hollywood studios' conversion to synchronized-sound film production, white-controlled trade magazines and African American newspapers celebrated a "vogue" for "Negro films." "Hollywood's African American Films" argues that the movie business turned to black musical performance to both resolve technological and aesthetic problems introduced by the medium of "talking pictures" and, at the same time, to appeal to the white "Broadway" audience that patronized their most lucrative first-run theaters. Capitalizing on highbrow associations with white "slumming" in African American cabarets and on the cultural linkage between popular black musical styles and "natural" acoustics, studios produced a series of African American-cast and white-cast films featuring African American sequences. Ryan Jay Friedman asserts that these transitional films reflect contradictions within prevailing racial ideologies–arising most clearly in the movies' treatment of African American characters' decisions to migrate. Regardless of how the films represent these choices, they all prompt elaborate visual and narrative structures of containment that tend to highlight rather than suppress historical tensions surrounding African American social mobility, Jim Crow codes, and white exploitation of black labor.
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Hollywood’s African American Films: The Transition to Sound

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Hollywood's African American Films: The Transition to Sound by Professor Ryan Jay Friedman
English | 2011 | ISBN: 0813550483, 0813550491 | 288 pages | PDF | 3 MB

Hollywood’s African American Films: The Transition to Sound
In 1929 and 1930, during the Hollywood studios' conversion to synchronized-sound film production, white-controlled trade magazines and African American newspapers celebrated a "vogue" for "Negro films." "Hollywood's African American Films" argues that the movie business turned to black musical performance to both resolve technological and aesthetic problems introduced by the medium of "talking pictures" and, at the same time, to appeal to the white "Broadway" audience that patronized their most lucrative first-run theaters. Capitalizing on highbrow associations with white "slumming" in African American cabarets and on the cultural linkage between popular black musical styles and "natural" acoustics, studios produced a series of African American-cast and white-cast films featuring African American sequences. Ryan Jay Friedman asserts that these transitional films reflect contradictions within prevailing racial ideologies–arising most clearly in the movies' treatment of African American characters' decisions to migrate. Regardless of how the films represent these choices, they all prompt elaborate visual and narrative structures of containment that tend to highlight rather than suppress historical tensions surrounding African American social mobility, Jim Crow codes, and white exploitation of black labor.
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The Crash of 2016: The Plot to Destroy America–and What We Can Do to Stop It

Thom Hartmann, "The Crash of 2016: The Plot to Destroy America–and What We Can Do to Stop It"
ISBN: 0446584835 | 2013 | EPUB/MOBI | 320 pages | 835 KB/2 MB
The United States is more vulnerable today than ever before-including during the Great Depression and the Civil War-because the pillars of democracy that once supported a booming middle class have been corrupted, and without them, America teeters on the verge of the next Great Crash.

The United States is in the midst of an economic implosion that could make the Great Depression look like child's play. In THE CRASH OF 2016, Thom Hartmann argues that the facade of our once-great United States will soon disintegrate to reveal the rotting core where corporate and billionaire power and greed have replaced democratic infrastructure and governance. Our once-enlightened political and economic systems have been manipulated to ensure the success of only a fraction of the population at the expense of the rest of us.

The result is a "for the rich, by the rich" scheme leading to policies that only benefit the highest bidders. Hartmann outlines the destructive forces-planted by Lewis Powell in 1971 and come to fruition with the "Reagan Revolution"-that have looted our nation over the past decade, and how their actions fit into a cycle of American history that lets such forces rise to power every four generations.

However, a backlash is now palpable against the "economic royalists"-a term coined by FDR to describe those hoarding power and wealth-including the banksters, oligarchs, and politicians who have plunged our nation into economic chaos and social instability.

Although we are in the midst of what could become the most catastrophic economic crash in American History, a way forward is emerging, just as it did in the previous great crashes of the 1760s, 1856, and 1929. The choices we make now will redefine American culture. Before us stands a genuine opportunity to embrace the moral motive over the profit motive-and to rebuild the American economic model that once yielded great success.

Thoroughly researched and passionately argued, THE CRASH OF 2016 is not just a roadmap to redemption in post-Crash America, but a critical wake-up call, challenging us to act. Only if the right reforms are enacted and the moral choices are made, can we avert disaster and make our nation whole again.

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