Tag Archives: allies

The Camouflage and Markings of the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana 1943-1945

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Ferdinando D'Amico – The Camouflage and Markings of the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana 1943-1945
Classic Publications | 2005 | ISBN: 1903223296 | English | 223 pages | PDF | 23.41 MB

The Camouflage and Markings of the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana 1943-1945
For the first time in the English language and following years of research, the authors analyze the camouflage and markings of the Aeronautica Nationale Repubblicana (ANR), the fascist air force formed following the wake of Italy's capitulation to the Allies in 1943. This volume will undoubtedly become the defining reference on the subject. Fighting alongside the Luftwaffe to the bitter end in Northern Italy, the ANR was equipped with the German Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter as well as a range of Italian fighters, bombers, torpedo and transport aircraft — all of which are examined by the authors with the aid of hundreds of previously unpublished photographs showing the camouflage and systems markings by unit and individual units. This heavily illustrated and highly detailed work of reference covers an often-overlooked aspect of Italian air power in the later stages of World War II and is essential reading for aviation historians and aviation modelers.
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Sabotage: America’s Enemies Within the CIA

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Sabotage: America's Enemies Within the CIA By Rowan Scarborough
2007 | 229 Pages | ISBN: 1596985100 | PDF | 3 MB

Sabotage: America’s Enemies Within the CIA
How Bush-hating CIA Bureaucrats Are Sabotaging the War on Terror Since the attacks on September 11, 2001, intelligence collection has become the number-one weapon in the effort to defeat al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden. A Description penetrated is an attack stopped. And to the outside observer, the CIA has performed well as a key partner in the Bush administration's War on Terror. But as Rowan Scarborough reveals in this groundbreaking new book, significant elements within the CIA are undermining both the president and national security through leaks, false allegations, and outright sabotage. Using his first-rate sources in all levels of national security–from field officers to high-ranking analysts to former intelligence heads–Scarborough paints a disturbing picture of partisan politics endangering the success of our campaigns abroad and the very lives of our soldiers and agents. In Sabotage, you'll learn: * How CIA analysts repeatedly leak details about classified intelligence programs with the dual intent of ending them and damaging the president * How, on at least eight occasions, intelligence officials have made serious allegations of wrongdoing against the president's men–which turned out to be false * Why, contrary to popular belief, the CIA has become predominantly liberal * How a CIA turf battle prevented special operators from pursuing and capturing a notorious Taliban leader * How current and former CIA officers fueled conspiracy theories that President Bush orchestrated the 9/11 attacks on America * How a CIA leak to the New York Times deprived the U.S. of critical information in the War on Terror * How press leaks by the CIA have damaged relations with our foreign allies in the War on Terror * How a CIA analyst worked with Democrats to sabotage the nomination of John Bolton to the UN * How Clinton's downsizing of the CIA led to the closing of stations in scores of jihadist breeding grounds–including Hamburg, Germany, where the 9/11 Description was hatched The CIA's job is to collect facts and let the White House, the Pentagon, and the State Department make national security policy. But, as Scarborough conclusively demonstrates, an agency that is supposed to be scrupulously nonpartisan has become increasingly political–during a time of war–against America's elected commander in chief.
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Information Warfare and Electronic Warfare Systems

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Information Warfare and Electronic Warfare Systems (Artech House Electronic Warfare Library) by Richard A. Poisel
2013 | ISBN: 1608077055 | English | 414 pages | PDF | 11 MB

Information Warfare and Electronic Warfare Systems
Information warfare in emerging as the new war fighting paradigm of the U.S. and many of its allies. This book is the first in the field to address communication electronic warfare (EW) systems in the context of information warfare. Authored by a recognized leading authority, the book includes a unique formulation of EW system peformance and presents results of system simulations that have not appeared previously in any related literature. Essential reading for EW engineers and researchers working in defense, aerospace, and military capacities, the book explores the properties of information, the properties of information communication means, information theory, EW system architectures, and two operational simulations, one in Northeast Asia and the other in urban terrain.
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Information Warfare and Electronic Warfare Systems

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Information Warfare and Electronic Warfare Systems (Artech House Electronic Warfare Library) by Richard A. Poisel
2013 | ISBN: 1608077055 | English | 414 pages | PDF | 11 MB

Information Warfare and Electronic Warfare Systems
Information warfare in emerging as the new war fighting paradigm of the U.S. and many of its allies. This book is the first in the field to address communication electronic warfare (EW) systems in the context of information warfare. Authored by a recognized leading authority, the book includes a unique formulation of EW system peformance and presents results of system simulations that have not appeared previously in any related literature. Essential reading for EW engineers and researchers working in defense, aerospace, and military capacities, the book explores the properties of information, the properties of information communication means, information theory, EW system architectures, and two operational simulations, one in Northeast Asia and the other in urban terrain.
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The British Troops in the Indian Mutiny 1857-59 (Men-at-Arms Series 268)

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Michael Barthorp, Douglas Anderson – The British Troops in the Indian Mutiny 1857-59
Osprey Publishing | 1994 | ISBN: 1855323699 | English | 50 pages | PDF | 14.25 MB
Men-at-Arms Series 268

The British Troops in the Indian Mutiny 1857-59 (Men-at-Arms Series 268)
Fourteen months after the Peace of Paris concluded the Crimean War, the British Army was faced with a crisis which would require an even greater commitment of force. Putting down the Indian Mutiny would require two years, over half the British Army, and thousands of East India Company and loyal locals. The EIC's forces' better and more experienced command structure and superior rifle-fire prevailed against the massed ranks of sepoys and their allies. The three major operations that were undertaken by the British are detailed, as is the dress, equipment and uniforms of the troops.
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38 Nooses: Lincoln, Little Crow, and the Beginning of the Frontier’s End

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Scott W. Berg, "38 Nooses: Lincoln, Little Crow, and the Beginning of the Frontier's End"
English | ISBN: 0307377245 | 2012 | EPUB | 384 pages | 5 MB

38 Nooses: Lincoln, Little Crow, and the Beginning of the Frontier’s End
In August 1862, after decades of broken treaties, increasing hardship, and relentless encroachment on their lands, a group of Dakota warriors convened a council at the tepee of their leader, Little Crow. Knowing the strength and resilience of the young American nation, Little Crow counseled caution, but anger won the day. Forced to either lead his warriors in a war he knew they could not win or leave them to their fates, he declared, "[Little Crow] is not a coward: he will die with you."

So began six weeks of intense conflict along the Minnesota frontier as the Dakotas clashed with settlers and federal troops, all the while searching for allies in their struggle. Once the uprising was smashed and the Dakotas captured, a military commission was convened, which quickly found more than three hundred Indians guilty of murder. President Lincoln, embroiled in the most devastating period of the Civil War, personally intervened in order to spare the lives of 265 of the condemned men, but the toll on the Dakota nation was still staggering: a way of life destroyed, a tribe forcibly relocated to barren and unfamiliar territory, and 38 Dakota warriors hanged-the largest government-sanctioned execution in American history.

Scott W. Berg recounts the conflict through the stories of several remarkable characters, including Little Crow, who foresaw how ruinous the conflict would be for his tribe; Sarah Wakefield, who had been captured by the Dakotas, then vilified as an "Indian lover" when she defended them; Minnesota bishop Henry Benjamin Whipple, who was a tireless advocate for the Indians' cause; and Lincoln, who transcended his own family history to pursue justice.

Written with uncommon immediacy and insight, 38 Nooses details these events within the larger context of the Civil War, the history of the Dakota people, and the subsequent United States-Indian wars. It is a revelation of an overlooked but seminal moment in American history.
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Krystal Wade – Darkness Falls Series

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Krystal Wade – Darkness Falls Series
Curiosity Quills Press | 2012 | English | ISBN-10: NA | EPUB | 2.1 MB

Krystal Wade – Darkness Falls Series
1 – Wilde's Fire
Katriona Wilde has never wondered what it would feel like to have everything she's ever known and loved ripped away, but she is about to find out.
When she inadvertently leads her sister and best friend through a portal into a world she's dreamed of for six years, she finds herself faced with more than just the frightening creatures in front of her. Kate's forced to accept a new truth: her entire life has been a lie, and those closest to her have betrayed her.

2 – Wilde's Army
"Hello, Katriona." Those two words spark fear in Katriona Wilde and give way to an unlikely partnership with Perth, the man she's been traded to marry for a favor. Saving her true love and protector Arland, her family, and their soldiers keeps her motivated, but the at-odds duo soon realizes trust is something that comes and goes with each breath of Encardia's rotting, stagnant air. The moment when concern for her missing sister spirals out of control, all thoughts of trust are pushed aside and she finds herself trapped by the daemon tricks Perth warned her of. However, rescuing those she loves is only half the problem. Kate still must get to Willow Falls, unite her clashing people, and form an army prepared to fight in order to defeat Darkness. When so many she's grown fond of die along the journey, her ability to play by the gods' rules is tested. How will she make allies when the world appears stacked against her? And will she still be Katriona Wilde, the girl with fire?

3 – Wilde's Meadow
Happy endings are hard to find, and even though Katriona is in the middle of a war with someone who's already stolen more than she can replace, she aches for a positive future with her Draíochtans.
Armed with hope, confidence in her abilities, and a strange new gift from her mother, Kate ventures into the Darkness to defeat a fallen god.
Losses add up, and new obstacles rise to stand in the way.
Is the one determined to bring Encardia light strong enough to keep fighting, or will all the sacrifices to stop those who seek domination be for nothing?
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Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad

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Martin Lorenz-Meyer, "Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad"
2007 | ISBN-10: 0826217192 | 392 pages | PDF | 2 MB

Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad
As Germany faced inevitable defeat in World War II, the Allies became concerned that the Nazis would attempt to hide their assets in neutral countries – Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal, Spain, and Turkey – in order to revive their cause in later years. To address this danger, the United States, along with Britain and France as reluctant partners, initiated the "Safehaven" program to probe questions of secret foreign bank accounts, the German wartime gold trade, and the actions of German companies abroad toward the end of the Nazi regime. Initiated by the Federal Economic Administration, Safehaven was soon integrated with U.S. plans, advocated by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, to avert future German aggression. These proposals quickly fell out of favor, but the Morgenthau Plan's suggestion to use all German assets as reparations remained attractive. In this first detailed historical study of Safehaven in English, Martin Lorenz-Meyer focuses on policies of the Allies, revealing their disagreements about the program and addressing the historical roots of a problem that over decades the Cold War had successfully buried. Lorenz-Meyer shows how American administrative agencies were constantly at odds regarding Safehaven's administration and how coordination of the program was further complicated by different assumptions held by the United States and Britain regarding its aims. Using Sweden as an example, he offers an investigation of the effects of Safehaven in the neutral countries, drawing comparisons with experiences of the program in Switzerland. His research discloses the sums involved and the neutral countries' positions and also explores the complications posed by international law for any plan to expropriate German assets. Over time, the neutral countries objected to uncompensated confiscations for a war in which they did not participate, and the United States gradually lost interest in infringing on German wealth because Germany was needed as a new ally. Lorenz-Meyer tells how Safehaven suffered from the discontinuation of wartime controls in a renewed climate of free trade. He also contends that the very problem that necessitated the program raised questions regarding the true neutrality of the countries involved. "Safehaven" is a significant addition to the history of Third Reich and international relations, notably concerning American foreign policy. As America continues to face foreign-policy dilemmas regarding trade with enemies and issues of neutrality, "Safehaven" offers an illuminating case history that sheds new light on current affairs.
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Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad

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Martin Lorenz-Meyer, "Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad"
2007 | ISBN-10: 0826217192 | 392 pages | PDF | 2 MB

Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad
As Germany faced inevitable defeat in World War II, the Allies became concerned that the Nazis would attempt to hide their assets in neutral countries – Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal, Spain, and Turkey – in order to revive their cause in later years. To address this danger, the United States, along with Britain and France as reluctant partners, initiated the "Safehaven" program to probe questions of secret foreign bank accounts, the German wartime gold trade, and the actions of German companies abroad toward the end of the Nazi regime. Initiated by the Federal Economic Administration, Safehaven was soon integrated with U.S. plans, advocated by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, to avert future German aggression. These proposals quickly fell out of favor, but the Morgenthau Plan's suggestion to use all German assets as reparations remained attractive. In this first detailed historical study of Safehaven in English, Martin Lorenz-Meyer focuses on policies of the Allies, revealing their disagreements about the program and addressing the historical roots of a problem that over decades the Cold War had successfully buried. Lorenz-Meyer shows how American administrative agencies were constantly at odds regarding Safehaven's administration and how coordination of the program was further complicated by different assumptions held by the United States and Britain regarding its aims. Using Sweden as an example, he offers an investigation of the effects of Safehaven in the neutral countries, drawing comparisons with experiences of the program in Switzerland. His research discloses the sums involved and the neutral countries' positions and also explores the complications posed by international law for any plan to expropriate German assets. Over time, the neutral countries objected to uncompensated confiscations for a war in which they did not participate, and the United States gradually lost interest in infringing on German wealth because Germany was needed as a new ally. Lorenz-Meyer tells how Safehaven suffered from the discontinuation of wartime controls in a renewed climate of free trade. He also contends that the very problem that necessitated the program raised questions regarding the true neutrality of the countries involved. "Safehaven" is a significant addition to the history of Third Reich and international relations, notably concerning American foreign policy. As America continues to face foreign-policy dilemmas regarding trade with enemies and issues of neutrality, "Safehaven" offers an illuminating case history that sheds new light on current affairs.
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Researching Japanese War Crimes Records: Introductory Essays

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Edward Drea, Greg Bradsher, Robert Hanyok, James Lide, "Researching Japanese War Crimes Records: Introductory Essays"
2006 | ISBN-10: 1880875284 | 232 pages | PDF | 3 MB

Researching Japanese War Crimes Records: Introductory Essays
This is a technical manual and essential guidebook not only for those who wish to seriously research Japanese War Crimes, but also for researchers interested in POW affairs and biological and chemical warfare testing in general. Substantial part of intelligence efforts relating to Japan related to efforts to recover captured Allied military personnel. The authors also thoroughly discuss what records are available on this topic, and how it happened that bulk of these records was returned after the War to Japan. The most sensitive part of this book can be found in the end: the decision not to pursue trials with Japanese war criminals for their experiments with bacteriological and chemical warfare on humans; and exploitation of Class A war criminals by the U.S. authorities as intelligence assets in containment of communism in Asia.

Introduction (Edward Drea): war crimes committed by the Japanese against other Asians concerned few Americans, except for mistreatment of Allied POWs. This changed after publication of The Rape of Nanking in 1997. After this, U.S. veterans renewed claims against the Japanese government, survivors of experiments which took place at Ishii's Unit 731 spoke up, and the issue of "comfort women" resurfaced. Whilst Germany accepted responsibility for WW2 and apologized, Japan rejected any responsibility for WW2 atrocities. Many senior Japanese Class A criminals escaped justice, including Ishii Shiro. Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal resulted in conviction of 25 defendants, whilst the Soviet led Khabarovsk trial brought to trial 5.379 of them and convicted 4.300. In 2000, U.S. Congress passed the Japanese Imperial Government Disclosure Act, and the Interagency Working Group was created. Despite systematic destruction of Japanese records in the end of the WW2, the Marines and OSS managed to seize large numbers of documents. Unit 731 records concerning biological and chemical warfare fell in the Soviet hands. The main focus of the U.S. authorities was on individuals responsible for Pearl Harbor, mistreatment of U.S. POWs, and war crimes against Caucasian women.

Documentary evidence (Daquing Yang): By outbreak of WW2, war was by no means an unregulated business. Japan did sign the 1929 Geneva Convention but not the treatment of POWs amendment. After the war, there was a serious problem with documentary evidence, as less than 0.1% materials survived the destruction. The only people interested in investigation of Japanese war crimes were former POWs and a few historians. Of 132.000 U.S. and British POWs held by the Japanese, 27% died, compared to 4% of those who died when in German or Italian hands. Most deadly places and incidents included the Bataan death march, Thai-Burma railway, biological and chemical warfare units, and transport ships. In 1948, the Allies convicted 23 Japanese doctors who worked at the Kyushu University of experiments on U.S. airmen. The charges were vivisection, wrongful removal of bodily parts, and cannibalism.

Recently declassified NARA records (James Lide): This chapter includes survey of 100.000 pages released under JIGDA, mainly with focus on biological and chemical warfare units, treatment of POWs, comfort women conscripted from occupied territories and forced to become prostitutes, and Allied policies regarding war crimes. Most valuable is overview of records from different agencies as they were received, and methodology used for review of samples: OSS documents on bacterial and chemical warfare and the Ramona project (Japanese atomic research and uranium mining in Manchuria); the State Department records relating to mistreatment of U.S. POWs and files relating to clemency for Japanese war criminals; Army Intelligence records, FBI files on assets / threats and their treason investigation files; NSA intercepts; and clemency proceedings from the 1950's.

Japanese war crimes records at NARA – Research starting points (NARA staff): precise location of records kept by NARA from all sources and description of its content. The author pays special attention to areas of interest, such as U.S. POWs at Mukden, and records on BW/CW warfare and impunity for Ishii Shiro in exchange for information on his experiments; and records which have been declassified for years but underexplored by researchers.

Wartime COMINT records in NARA about war crimes (Robert Hanyok): very interesting insight into technical challenges of interception and processing of coded messages in Japanese, which had to be transferred over huge landmass of Asia and the Pacific ocean. Only small percentage of these records was translated and disseminated.

The exploitation of captured and seized Japanese records (Greg Bradsher): In September 1945, Colonel Sidney Mashbir (U.S. Army, ATIS), confronted Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs with extensive evidence of war crimes against POWs and civilians. State Department was reluctant to present the evidence to the Japanese because of concerns over disclosure of sources and operational security. In 1942, the Washington Document Center established by the Navy sent a special unit to Japan which seized over 400.000 documents.

A constantly returning irritant: returning captured documents in 1946-61 (Greg Bradster): In 1948 and `49, CIA handed over large number of records to the Library of Congress and NARA, as the record no longer had operational but only historical value. Policy was discussed t the highest level, and a decision was finally made in January 1950. Some of the records were microfilmed before return to Japan.

The intelligence that wasn't (Michael Petersen): This is the most interesting part of the book as it deals with the issue of CIA assets from the ranks of Japanese war criminals. To their credit it has to be noted that many of them were later in the 1950's assessed as liability and dropped. Operation Takematsu (intelligence gathering on foreign targets and domestic communists) effectively allowed the Japanese to engage in criminal activities abroad. The most ill-famous examples described here are Arisue Seizo, Tsuji Masanobu, Sakata Sadamasa, and Kadama Yoshio.
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