Tag Archives: analogy

“Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology” ed. by Marco G. Beghi

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"Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology" ed. by Marco G. Beghi
InTeOpP | 2011 | ISBN: 9533075724 9789533075723 | 665 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book presents several aspects of the active research ongoing in the field of Acoustic Waves. Theoretical efforts are leading to a deeper understanding of phenomena, also in complicated environments like the solar surface boundary. A whole class of widespread microdevices, including filters and sensors, is based on the behaviour of acoustic waves propagating in thin layers. The search for better performances is driving to new materials for these devices, and to more refined tools for their analysis.

“Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology” ed. by Marco G. Beghi
Contents
Part 1 Theoretical and Numerical Investigations of Acoustic Waves
1 Analysis of Acoustic Wave in Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Media Using Finite Element Method
2 Topological Singularities in Acoustic Fields due to Absorption of a Crystal
3 An Operational Approach to the Acoustic Analogy Equations
4 Exact Solutions Expressible in Hyperbolic and Jacobi Elliptic Functions of Some Important Equations of Ion-Acoustic Waves
5 A coustic Wave
Part 2 Acoustic Waves as Investigative Tools
6 Acoustic Waves: A Probe for the Elastic Properties of Films
7 Evaluation Method for Anisotropic Drilling Characteristics of the Formation by Using Acoustic Wave Information
8 Machinery Faults Detection Using Acoustic Emission Signal
9 Compensation of Ultrasound Attenuation in Photoacoustic Imaging
10 Low Frequency Acoustic Devices for Viscoelastic Complex Media Characterization
11 Modeling of Biological Interfacial Processes Using Thickness-Shear Mode Sensors
12 Analysis of Biological Acoustic Waves by Means of the Phase-Sensitivity Technique
13 Photoacoustic Technique Applied to Skin Research: Characterization of Tissue, Topically Applied Products and Transdermal Drug Delivery
14 Acoustic-Gravity Waves in the Ionosphere During Solar Eclipse Events
Part 3 Acoustic Waves as Manipulative Tools
15 Use of Acoustic Waves for Pulsating Water Jet Generation
16 Molecular Desorption by Laser-Driven Acoustic Waves: Analytical Applications and Physical Mechanisms
17 Excitation of Periodical Shock Waves in Solid-State Optical Media (Yb:YAG, Glass) at SBS of Focused Low-Coherent Pump Radiation: Structure Changes, Features of Lasing
18 An Optimal Distribution of Actuatorsin Active Beam Vibration: Some Aspects, Theoretical Considerations
Part 4 Acoustic Wave Based Microdevices
19 Multilayered Structure as a Novel Material for Surface Acoustic Wave Devices: Physical Insight
20 SAW Parameters Analysis and Equivalent Circuit of SAW Device
21 Sources of Third-Order Intermodulation Distortion in Bulk Acoustic Wave Devices: A Phenomenological Approach
22 Shear Mode Piezoelectric Thin Film Resonators
23 Polymer Coated Rayleigh SAW and STW Resonators for Gas Sensor Applications
24 Ultrananocrystalline Diamond as Material for Surface Acoustic Wave Devices
25 Aluminum Nitride (AIN) Film Based Acoustic Devices: Material Synthesis and Device Fabrication
26 Surface Acoustic Wave Devices for Harsh Environment
27 Applications of In-Fiber Acousto-Optic Devices
28 Surface Acoustic Waves and Nano-Electromechanical Systems
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Grammaticalization: Current views and issues (Studies in Language Companion Series)

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Grammaticalization: Current views and issues (Studies in Language Companion Series) By Katerina Stathi, Elke Gehweiler, Ekkehard Konig
2010 | 387 Pages | ISBN: 9027205868 | PDF | 3 MB

Grammaticalization: Current views and issues (Studies in Language Companion Series)
This volume contains a selection of papers on grammaticalization from a broad perspective. Some of the papers focus on basic concepts in grammaticalization research such as the concept of 'grammar' as the endpoint of grammaticalization processes, erosion, (uni)directionality, the relation between grammaticalization and constructions, subjectification, and the relation between grammaticalization and analogy. Other papers shed a critical light on grammaticalization as an explanatory parameter in language change. New case studies of micro-processes of grammaticalization complete the selection. The empirical evidence for (and against) grammaticalization comes from diverse domains: subject control, clitics, reciprocal markers, pronouns and agreement markers, gender markers, auxiliaries, aspectual categories, intensifying adjectives and determiners, and pragmatic markers. The languages covered include English and its varieties, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, French, Slavonic languages, and Turkish. The book will be valuable to scholars working on grammaticalization and language change as well as to those interested in individual languages.
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ADP-Ribosylation in Animal Tissues: Structure, Function, and Biology of Mono (ADP-ribosyl) Transferases and Related Enzymes

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ADP-Ribosylation in Animal Tissues: Structure, Function, and Biology of Mono (ADP-ribosyl) Transferases and Related Enzymes by Friedrich Haag
English | Dec 21, 2012 | ISBN: 1461346525 | 471 Pages | PDF | 35 MB
Although ADP-ribosylation has been known as a post-translational modification of proteins for approximately thirty years, the study of endogenous mono-ADP-ribosylation in animal tissues has remained somewhat of an orphan field during this time.

ADP-Ribosylation in Animal Tissues: Structure, Function, and Biology of Mono (ADP-ribosyl) Transferases and Related Enzymes
Until recently, interest in the field has concentrated on two types of phenomena: (I) poly-ADP-ribosylation of nuclear proteins in eukaryotes as a mechanism possibly involved in DNA excision repair and (2) mono-ADP-ribosylation by bacterial enzymes, either as a toxic mechanism in eukaryotic host cells or as a reversible regulatory mechanism for control of nitrogen fixation. The identification of diphtheria, cholera, and pertussis toxins as mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferases and their subsequent purification and crystallization have shaped our current knowledge of the biology of mono-ADP-ribosylation reactions and the structure-function relationships of the enzymes involved. In contrast, endogenous transferases of animal tissues escaped molecular cloning, and for a long time their biological relevance was merely postulated by analogy to their bacterial cousins.
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Mean Curvature Flow and Isoperimetric Inequalities

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Manuel Ritoré, Carlo Sinestrari, Vicente Miquel, Joan Porti, "Mean Curvature Flow and Isoperimetric Inequalities"
2010 | pages: 121 | ISBN: 303460212X | PDF | 1,6 mb

Mean Curvature Flow and Isoperimetric Inequalities
Geometric flows have many applications in physics and geometry. The mean curvature flow occurs in the description of the interface evolution in certain physical models. This is related to the property that such a flow is the gradient flow of the area functional and therefore appears naturally in problems where a surface energy is minimized. The mean curvature flow also has many geometric applications, in analogy with the Ricci flow of metrics on abstract riemannian manifolds. One can use this flow as a tool to obtain classification results for surfaces satisfying certain curvature conditions, as well as to construct minimal surfaces. Geometric flows, obtained from solutions of geometric parabolic equations, can be considered as an alternative tool to prove isoperimetric inequalities. On the other hand, isoperimetric inequalities can help in treating several aspects of convergence of these flows. Isoperimetric inequalities have many applications in other fields of geometry, like hyperbolic manifolds.
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Proofs of the Cantor-Bernstein Theorem: A Mathematical Excursion

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Proofs of the Cantor-Bernstein Theorem: A Mathematical Excursion by Arie Hinkis
English | 2013-02-22 | ISBN: 3034802234 | PDF | 452 pages | 3 MB

Proofs of the Cantor-Bernstein Theorem: A Mathematical Excursion
This book offers an excursion through the developmental area of research mathematics. It presents some 40 papers, published between the 1870s and the 1970s, on proofs of the Cantor-Bernstein theorem and the related Bernstein division theorem. While the emphasis is placed on providing accurate proofs, similar to the originals, the discussion is broadened to include aspects that pertain to the methodology of the development of mathematics and to the philosophy of mathematics. Works of prominent mathematicians and logicians are reviewed, including Cantor, Dedekind, Schröder, Bernstein, Borel, Zermelo, Poincaré, Russell, Peano, the Königs, Hausdorff, Sierpinski, Tarski, Banach, Brouwer and several others mainly of the Polish and the Dutch schools. In its attempt to present a diachronic narrative of one mathematical topic, the book resembles Lakatos’ celebrated book Proofs and Refutations. Indeed, some of the observations made by Lakatos are corroborated herein. The analogy between the two books is clearly anything but superficial, as the present book also offers new theoretical insights into the methodology of the development of mathematics (proof-processing), with implications for the historiography of mathematics.
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By Parallel Reasoning

Paul Bartha, "By Parallel Reasoning"
English | 2010 | ISBN: 0195325532 | 376 pages | PDF | 3 MB
By Parallel Reasoning is the first comprehensive philosophical examination of analogical reasoning in more than forty years designed to formulate and justify standards for the critical evaluation of analogical arguments. It proposes a normative theory with special focus on the use of analogies in mathematics and science.
In recent decades, research on analogy has been dominated by computational theories whose objective has been to model analogical reasoning as a psychological process. These theories have devoted little attention to normative questions. In this book Bartha proposes that a good analogical argument must articulate a clear relationship that is capable of generalization. This idea leads to a set of distinct models for the critical analysis of prominent forms of analogical argument.The same core principle makes it possible to relate analogical reasoning to norms and values of scientific practice. Reasoning by analogy is justified because it strikes an optimal balance between conservative values, such as simplicity and coherence, and progressive values, such as fruitfulness and theoretical unification. Analogical arguments are also justified by appeal to symmetry–like cases are to be treated alike.

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