Tag Archives: Areas

Category Theory for the Sciences

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Category Theory for the Sciences by David I. Spivak
2014 | ISBN: 0262028131 | English | 496 pages | PDF | 7 MB

Category Theory for the Sciences
Category theory was invented in the 1940s to unify and synthesize different areas in mathematics, and it has proven remarkably successful in enabling powerful communication between disparate fields and subfields within mathematics. This book shows that category theory can be useful outside of mathematics as a rigorous, flexible, and coherent modeling language throughout the sciences. Information is inherently dynamic; the same ideas can be organized and reorganized in countless ways, and the ability to translate between such organizational structures is becoming increasingly important in the sciences. Category theory offers a unifying framework for information modeling that can facilitate the translation of knowledge between disciplines. Written in an engaging and straightforward style, and assuming little background in mathematics, the book is rigorous but accessible to non-mathematicians. Using databases as an entry to category theory, it begins with sets and functions, then introduces the reader to notions that are fundamental in mathematics: monoids, groups, orders, and graphs — categories in disguise. After explaining the "big three" concepts of category theory — categories, functors, and natural transformations — the book covers other topics, including limits, colimits, functor categories, sheaves, monads, and operads. The book explains category theory by examples and exercises rather than focusing on theorems and proofs. It includes more than 300 exercises, with selected solutions. is intended to create a bridge between the vast array of mathematical concepts used by mathematicians and the models and frameworks of such scientific disciplines as computation, neuroscience, and physics.
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“Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth” ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira

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"Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth" ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira
InTeOpP | 2013 | ISBN: 9535110101 9789535110101 | 432 pages | PDF | 41 MB
The objective of this book is not to cover all areas of crystal growth but just present, as specified in the title, important selected topics, as applied to organic and inorganic systems. All authors have been selected for being key researchers in their field of specialization, working in important universities and research labs around the world. This book is mostly recommended for students working in the field of crystal growth and for scientists and engineers in the fields of crystalline materials, crystal engineering and the industrial applications of crystallization processes.

“Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth” ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira
Crystal growth is the key step of a great number of very important applications. The development of new devices and products, from the traditional microelectronic industry to pharmaceutical industry and many others, depends on crystallization processes.
The first section is mainly devoted to biological systems and covers topics like proteins, bone and ice crystallization.
The second section brings some applications to inorganic systems and describes more general growth techniques like chemical vapor crystallization and electrodeposition.

Contents
Preface
Section 1 Biological and Other Organic Systems
1 Proteins and Their Ligands: Their Importance and Howto Crystallize Them
2 Purification of Erythromycin by Antisolvent Crystallization orAzeotropic Evaporative Crystallization
3 Crystal Growth of Inorganic and Biomediated Carbonates and Phosphates
4 Direction Controlled Growth of Organic Single Crystals by Novel Growth Methods
5 Characterizations of Functions of Biological Materials Having Controlling-Ability Against Ice Crystal Growth
6 The Mineralization of Bone and Its Analogies with Other Hard Tissues
7 Modeling Ice Crystal Formation of Water in Biological System
8 Crystallization: From the Conformerto the Crystal
Section 2 Inorganic Systems
9 Chemical Vapor Transport Reactions-Methods, Materials, Modeling
10 Growth and Development of Sapphire Crystal for LED Applications
11 Crystal Growth by Electrodeposition with Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Emulsion
12 Inorganic Nanostructures Decorated Graphene
13 Metal Chalcogenides Tetrahedral Molecular Clusters: Crystal Engineering and Properties
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Rhodiola rosea

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Rhodiola rosea (Traditional Herbal Medicines for Modern Times) by Alain Cuerrier, Kwesi Ampong-Nyarko
2014 | ISBN: 143988840X | English | 304 pages | PDF | 33 MB

Rhodiola rosea
The genus Rhodiola (Family Crassulaceae) is indigenous to Northern Canada, Europe and Asia where its rhizomes and roots have been used for centuries for medicinal purposes. Recent interest in the species (roseroot) in the West arose from the use of the rhizome as an adaptogen for the treatment of stress, but in the last few years, chemical and pharmacological studies have confirmed other valuable medicinal properties.

Written by well-known researchers in this field of study, examines important aspects of this increasingly important medicinal plant, including:

Cultivation
Taxonomy
Ethnobotany
Conservation
Phytopathology
Phytochemistry
Pharmacology
Biotechnology

The book discusses in vitro culture of R. rosea and examines pests and diseases affecting the plant in Europe, Canada, and Alaska. It also examines pharmacological bioassays and toxicology. The contributors provide a meta-analysis of clinical trials and describe experimentation with R. rosea in clinical practice. They explore its use in a range of areas, including for depression and anxiety disorders, to improve sexual and immune functions, to augment cancer treatment, and in aerospace medicine for afflictions such as mountain sickness and jet lag. The final chapter uses a model to illustrate the cultivation of R. rosea as an industrial crop from field to medicine to cabinet. Synthesizing the most important literature in recent years, the book supplies a comprehensive peer-reviewed survey of the wide spectrum of possibilities for its use as a modern phytomedicinal agent.
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Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning the Development of Obesity

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Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning the Development of Obesity by Clevio Nobrega PhD and Raquel Rodriguez-Lopez PhD
English | 2014 | ISBN: 3319127659 | 194 pages | PDF | 5 MB

Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning the Development of Obesity
Obesity is a multi-factorial disease, in which an excess of accumulated body fat can reach levels capable of affecting health. It results from an interplay between environmental factors, eating behavior, genes, epigenetics, and neuronal stimuli. The main aim of this book is to provide a state-of-the-art revision about the molecular mechanisms underpinning the development of obesity, reviewing the current knowledge in areas like monogenic and polygenic obesity forms, but also providing an updated view of the emerging knowledge about epigenetics, nutrigenomics, and neuronal aspects that also contribute to obesity.
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Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning the Development of Obesity

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Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning the Development of Obesity by Clevio Nobrega PhD and Raquel Rodriguez-Lopez PhD
English | 2014 | ISBN: 3319127659 | 194 pages | PDF | 5 MB

Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning the Development of Obesity
Obesity is a multi-factorial disease, in which an excess of accumulated body fat can reach levels capable of affecting health. It results from an interplay between environmental factors, eating behavior, genes, epigenetics, and neuronal stimuli. The main aim of this book is to provide a state-of-the-art revision about the molecular mechanisms underpinning the development of obesity, reviewing the current knowledge in areas like monogenic and polygenic obesity forms, but also providing an updated view of the emerging knowledge about epigenetics, nutrigenomics, and neuronal aspects that also contribute to obesity.
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Conservation Agriculture

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Conservation Agriculture by Muhammad Farooq and Kadambot Siddique
English | 2014 | ISBN: 3319116193 | 665 pages | PDF | 20 MB

Conservation Agriculture
Conservation agriculture-consisting of four components including permanent soil cover, minimum soil disturbance, diversified crop rotations and integrated weed management-is considered the principal pathway to sustainable agriculture and the conservation of natural resources and the environment. Leading researchers in the field describe the basic principles of conservation agriculture, and synthesize recent advances and developments in conservation agriculture research. This book is a ready reference on conservation agriculture and reinforces the understanding for its utilization to develop environmentally sustainable and profitable food production systems. The book describes various elements of conservation agriculture; highlights the associated breeding and modeling efforts; analyses the experiences and challenges in conservation agriculture in different regions of the world; and proposes some pragmatic options and new areas of research in this very important area of agriculture.
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Oxford Handbook of Paediatrics, 2 edition

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Robert C. Tasker, "Oxford Handbook of Paediatrics, 2 edition"
English | ISBN: 019960830X, 0191503053 | 2013 | 1120 pages | PDF | 6 MB

Oxford Handbook of Paediatrics, 2 edition
Now fully revised and updated with the latest guidelines, this new edition of the Oxford Handbook of Paediatrics is a compact guide to all aspects of acute and chronic paediatrics. The handbook's team of specialist contributors and editors have successfully condensed many years of clinical experience into a pocket-sized compendium of clinical problems and treatment options. Taking a child-centred approach to the subject, the authors have provided comprehensive coverage of areas such as neonatology, surgery, genetics and congenital malformations, and child protection in a user-friendly and succinct style. Sections are also devoted to covering the treatment of children in the community, and the psychological effects of illness on both the child and their family. All chapters have been updated for this new edition, with completely overhauled chapters on neurology and respiratory medicine, the latest management guidelines on inherited metabolic disease, further information on medical and research ethics, and enhanced usage of diagnostic and treatment algorithms. With practical advice and space for personalized notes, this handbook will be invaluable to all those involved in the care of the younger patient.
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Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials

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Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials by G. V. Kozlov, Yu G. Yanovskii
2014 | ISBN: 1771880414 | English | 384 pages | PDF | 11 MB

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials
This new book explores the consideration of relationships that connect the structural and basic mechanical properties of polymeric mediums within the frameworks of fractal analysis with cluster model representations attraction. Incidentally, the choice of any structural model of medium or their combinations is defined by expediency and further usage convenience only. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly changing and evolving field.

The book presents descriptions of the main reactions of high-molecular substances within the frameworks of fractal analysis and irreversible aggregation models. Synergetics and percolation theory were also used. In spite of the enormous number of papers dealing with the influence of the medium on the rate of chemical reactions (including synthesis of polymers), no strict quantitative theory capable of "universal" application has been put forward up until now. It is now possible to describe the relationship between the reaction rate constants and the equilibrium constants with the nature of the medium in which the reactions take place by means of a single equation. This important book for the first time gives structural and physical grounds of polymers synthesis and curing, and the fractal analysis is used for this purpose.

This new book:

* Highlights some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes

* Focuses on topics with more advanced methods

* Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details

* Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles

* Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex polymeric materials
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Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials

FREEDownload : Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials by G. V. Kozlov, Yu G. Yanovskii
2014 | ISBN: 1771880414 | English | 384 pages | PDF | 11 MB

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials
This new book explores the consideration of relationships that connect the structural and basic mechanical properties of polymeric mediums within the frameworks of fractal analysis with cluster model representations attraction. Incidentally, the choice of any structural model of medium or their combinations is defined by expediency and further usage convenience only. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly changing and evolving field.

The book presents descriptions of the main reactions of high-molecular substances within the frameworks of fractal analysis and irreversible aggregation models. Synergetics and percolation theory were also used. In spite of the enormous number of papers dealing with the influence of the medium on the rate of chemical reactions (including synthesis of polymers), no strict quantitative theory capable of "universal" application has been put forward up until now. It is now possible to describe the relationship between the reaction rate constants and the equilibrium constants with the nature of the medium in which the reactions take place by means of a single equation. This important book for the first time gives structural and physical grounds of polymers synthesis and curing, and the fractal analysis is used for this purpose.

This new book:

* Highlights some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes

* Focuses on topics with more advanced methods

* Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details

* Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles

* Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex polymeric materials
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Novel Methods in Soft Matter Simulations

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Novel Methods in Soft Matter Simulations
English | Physics, Mechanics | 15. March 2004 | ISBN-10: 3540209166 | 393 pages | Djvu | 3 mb
Soft matter and biological systems pose many challenges for theoretical, experimental and computational research.

Novel Methods in Soft Matter Simulations
From the computational point of view, these many-body sytems cover variations in relevant time and length scales over many orders of magnitude. Indeed, the macroscopic properties of materials and complex fluids are ultimately to be deduced from the dynamics of the microsopic, molecular level. In these lectures, internationally renowned experts offer a tutorial presentation of novel approaches for bridging these space and time scales in realistic simulations. This volume addresses graduate students and nonspecialist researchers from related areas seeking a high-level but accessible introduction to the state of the art in soft matter simulations.
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