Tag Archives: Categories

Category Theory for the Sciences

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Category Theory for the Sciences by David I. Spivak
2014 | ISBN: 0262028131 | English | 496 pages | PDF | 7 MB

Category Theory for the Sciences
Category theory was invented in the 1940s to unify and synthesize different areas in mathematics, and it has proven remarkably successful in enabling powerful communication between disparate fields and subfields within mathematics. This book shows that category theory can be useful outside of mathematics as a rigorous, flexible, and coherent modeling language throughout the sciences. Information is inherently dynamic; the same ideas can be organized and reorganized in countless ways, and the ability to translate between such organizational structures is becoming increasingly important in the sciences. Category theory offers a unifying framework for information modeling that can facilitate the translation of knowledge between disciplines. Written in an engaging and straightforward style, and assuming little background in mathematics, the book is rigorous but accessible to non-mathematicians. Using databases as an entry to category theory, it begins with sets and functions, then introduces the reader to notions that are fundamental in mathematics: monoids, groups, orders, and graphs — categories in disguise. After explaining the "big three" concepts of category theory — categories, functors, and natural transformations — the book covers other topics, including limits, colimits, functor categories, sheaves, monads, and operads. The book explains category theory by examples and exercises rather than focusing on theorems and proofs. It includes more than 300 exercises, with selected solutions. is intended to create a bridge between the vast array of mathematical concepts used by mathematicians and the models and frameworks of such scientific disciplines as computation, neuroscience, and physics.
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Grammaticalization: Current views and issues (Studies in Language Companion Series)

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Grammaticalization: Current views and issues (Studies in Language Companion Series) By Katerina Stathi, Elke Gehweiler, Ekkehard Konig
2010 | 387 Pages | ISBN: 9027205868 | PDF | 3 MB

Grammaticalization: Current views and issues (Studies in Language Companion Series)
This volume contains a selection of papers on grammaticalization from a broad perspective. Some of the papers focus on basic concepts in grammaticalization research such as the concept of 'grammar' as the endpoint of grammaticalization processes, erosion, (uni)directionality, the relation between grammaticalization and constructions, subjectification, and the relation between grammaticalization and analogy. Other papers shed a critical light on grammaticalization as an explanatory parameter in language change. New case studies of micro-processes of grammaticalization complete the selection. The empirical evidence for (and against) grammaticalization comes from diverse domains: subject control, clitics, reciprocal markers, pronouns and agreement markers, gender markers, auxiliaries, aspectual categories, intensifying adjectives and determiners, and pragmatic markers. The languages covered include English and its varieties, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, French, Slavonic languages, and Turkish. The book will be valuable to scholars working on grammaticalization and language change as well as to those interested in individual languages.
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Fodor’s England 2013: with the Best of Wales

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Fodor's England 2013: with the Best of Wales (Full-color Travel Guide) by Fodor's
English | Dec 11, 2012 | ISBN: 0307929477 | 888 Pages | EPUB | 47 MB
With its irresistible mix of storied heritage and cosmopolitan pizzazz, England attracts more than 3 million Americans each year. Fodor’s England captures the most memorable sights and experiences in dazzling color, from fabulous historic houses and age-mellowed towns to cozy country pubs and London’s cutting-edge galleries.

Fodor’s England 2013: with the Best of Wales
Expanded Coverage: England is always polishing its treasures, and this edition includes fresh city and country restaurant and hotel picks, along with newly popular sights such as Highclere Castle, which stands in for Downton Abbey in the Masterpiece Classic series. London‘s hot hotel and restaurant scenes get attention too, with best bets for different price categories and experiences.

Illustrated Features: Stunning magazine-style color features highlight must-do experiences, from making the most of a visit to the Tower of London, Stonehenge, or York Minster to planning a perfect garden tour, Lake District walk, or pub visit. Color spotlights present more options: top Beatles sites; great Cotswold walks and West Country drives; and fun Thames River boating trips and Jurassic Coast fossil hunts. Features clue readers in to England’s new culinary scene, presenting the best desserts, cheeses, seafood bounty, and Indian food—plus a guide to afternoon tea.

Indispensable Trip Planning Tools: Creating a great trip to England and Wales is easy using Top Attractions and Great Itineraries. Convenient overviews show each region and its highlights, and detail-rich chapter planning sections have on-target advice and tips for planning your time and for getting around the country by car, bus, and train. Color city and regional maps, and a map of travel times by train, help travelers get around.
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TTC How We Learn (Audiobook)

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TTC How We Learn (Audiobook)
English | MP3 128 kbps | 24 Lectures | 361 MB
Learning is a lifelong adventure. It starts in your mother's womb, accelerates to high speed in infancy and childhood, and continues through every age, whether you're actively engaged in mastering a new skill, intuitively discovering an unfamiliar place, or just sleeping, which is fundamental to helping you consolidate and hold on to what you've learned. You are truly born to learn around the clock.

TTC How We Learn (Audiobook)
But few of us know how we learn, which is the key to learning and studying more effectively. For example, you may be surprised by the following:

People tend to misjudge what they have learned well, what they don't yet know, and what they do and do not need to practice.
Moments of confusion, frustration, uncertainty, and lack of confidence are part of the process of acquiring new skills and new knowledge.
Humans and animals explore their worlds for the sake of learning, regardless of rewards and punishment connected with success.
You can teach an old dog new tricks. In fact, older learners have the benefit of prior knowledge and critical skills—two advantages in learning.
Shedding light on what's going on when we learn and dispelling common myths about the subject, How We Learn introduces you to this practical and accessible science in 24 half-hour lectures presented by Professor Monisha Pasupathi of the University of Utah, an award-winning psychology teacher and expert on how people of all ages learn.

A Course about You

Customers of The Great Courses are already devoted to lifelong learning and may be surprised at how complicated the process of learning is. We have a single word for it—learn—but it occurs in a fascinating variety of ways, which Professor Pasupathi recounts in detail. She describes a wide range of experiments that may strike a familiar chord as you recognize something about yourself or others:

scripts: We have trouble recalling specific events until we have first learned scripts for those events. Young children are prodigious learners of scripts, but so are first-time parents, college freshmen, foreign travelers, and new employees.
Variable ratio reinforcement: Children whining for candy are usually refused, but the few occasions when parents give in encourage maximal display of the behavior. The same principle is behind the success of slot machines and other unpredictable rewards.
Storytelling: Telling stories is fundamentally an act of learning about ourselves. The way we recount experiences, usually shortly after the event, has lasting effects on the way we remember those experiences and what we learn from them.
Sleeper effect: Have you ever heard something from an unreliable source and later found yourself believing it? Over time, we tend to remember information but forget the source. Paradoxically, this effect is stronger when the source is less credible.
Dr. Pasupathi's many examples cover the modern history of research on learning—from behaviorist theory in the early 20th century to the most recent debates about whether IQ can be separated from achievement, or whether a spectrum of different learning styles and multiple intelligences really exist.

What You Will Learn

You start by examining 10 myths about learning. These can get in the way of making the fullest use of the extraordinary capacity for learning and include widespread beliefs, such as that college-educated people already know how to maximize learning or that a person must be interested in a subject in order to learn it.

Professor Pasupathi then covers mistaken theories of learning, such as that lab animals and humans learn in the same way or that the brain is a tabula rasa, a blank slate that can absorb information without preparation. Babies might seem to be a counterexample, showing that you can learn from scratch. However, you examine what newborns must know at birth in order for them to learn so much, so quickly.

Next you explore in depth how humans master different tasks, from learning a native language or a second language, to becoming adept at a sport or a musical instrument, to learning a new city or a problem-solving strategy, to grasping the distinctive style of thinking required in mathematics and science. Then you look inside the learning process itself, where many factors come into play, including what is being learned and the context, along with the emotions, motivations, and goals of the learner. You close by considering individual differences. Some people seem to learn without effort. How do they do it?

Tips on Learning

Along the way, Professor Pasupathi offers frequent advice on how to excel in many different learning situations:

Mastering material: Testing yourself is a very effective strategy for mastering difficult material. Try taking a blank sheet of paper and writing down everything you can recall about the subject. Then go back and review the material. Next, try another blank sheet of paper.
Second-language learning: Becoming fluent in a second language in adulthood is difficult because your brain is tuned to your native language and misses important clues in the new language. To overcome this obstacle, immerse yourself among native speakers of the new language.
Motivating a child: When trying to motivate a schoolchild to learn, avoid controlling language, create opportunities to give the child a sense of choice, and be careful about excessive praise and other forms of rewards, which can actually undermine learning.
Maintaining a learning edge: Middle-aged and older adults can preserve their learning aptitude by exercising to maintain cardiovascular health, staying mentally active, and periodically trying a new challenge, such as learning to draw or studying new dance steps.
Adventures in Learning

Winner of prestigious teaching awards from her university's chapter of Psi Chi, the National Honor Society in Psychology, Dr. Pasupathi brings today's exciting field of learning research alive. Her descriptions of ongoing work in her field, in which she is a prominent participant, are vivid and insightful, allowing you to put yourself into a given experiment and ask, "How would I react under these circumstances? What does this tell me about my own approach to learning?"

By the time How We Learn ends, you will appreciate the incredible breadth of what we learn in our lifetimes, understand the commonality and diversity of human learning experiences, and come away with strategies for enhancing your own adventures in learning.

"Learning is a human birthright," says Professor Pasupathi. "Everything about us is built for lifelong learning—from our unusually long childhood and our large prefrontal cortex to our interest in novelty and challenge." And she finds reason for optimism about the future of humanity due to our almost miraculous capacity to learn.

About Your Professor

Dr. Monisha Pasupathi is Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Utah. She holds a Ph.D. in Psychology from Stanford University. She joined the faculty at Utah in 1999 after completing a postdoctoral fellowship at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Germany.

Professor Pasupathi has been honored multiple times for her teaching. She was named Best Psychology Professor by her university's chapter of Psi Chi, the National Honor Society in Psychology. Psi Chi also awarded her the Outstanding Educator Award and Favorite Professor Award.

Professor Pasupathi's research focuses on how people of all ages learn from their experiences, particularly through storytelling. She is coeditor of Narrative Development in Adolescence: Creating the Storied Self, and her work has been published widely in scholarly journals.

Directory of TTC Teaching Company – How We Learn 2012

01 Myths about Learning.mp3
02 Why No Single Learning Theory Works.mp3
03 Learning as Information Processing.mp3
04 Creating Representations.mp3
05 Categories, Rules, and scripts.mp3
06 What Babies Know.mp3
07 Learning Your Native Tongue.mp3
08 Learning a Second Language.mp3
09 Learning How to Move.mp3
10 Learning Our Way Around.mp3
11 Learning to Tell Stories.mp3
12 Learning Approaches in Math and Science.mp3
13 Learning as Theory Testing.mp3
14 Integrating Different Domains of Learning.mp3
15 Cognitive Constraints on Learning.mp3
16 Choosing Learning Strategies.mp3
17 Source Knowledge and Learning.mp3
18 The Role of Emotion in Learning.mp3
19 Cultivating a Desire to Learn.mp3
20 Intelligence and Learning.mp3
21 Are Learning Styles Real.mp3
22 Different People, Different Interests.mp3
23 Learning across the Lifespan.mp3
24 Making the Most of How We Learn.mp3
How We Learn.txt

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Real Indians: Identity and the Survival of Native America

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Eva Marie Garroutte "Real Indians: Identity and the Survival of Native America"
University of California Press | 2003-07-31 | ISBN: 0520229770 | 250 pages | PDF | 1 MB

Real Indians: Identity and the Survival of Native America
At the dawn of the twenty-first century, America finds itself on the brink of a new racial consciousness. The old, unquestioned confidence with which individuals can be classified (as embodied, for instance, in previous U.S. census categories) has been eroded. In its place are shifting paradigms and new norms for racial identity. Eva Marie Garroutte examines the changing processes of racial identification and their implications by looking specifically at the case of American Indians.
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Swanton’s Cardiology: A Concise Guide to Clinical Practice, 6th Edition

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R. Howard Swanton, Shrilla Banerjee, "Swanton's Cardiology: A Concise Guide to Clinical Practice, 6th Edition"
2008 | ISBN-10: 1405178191 | 696 pages | PDF | 16 MB

Swanton’s Cardiology: A Concise Guide to Clinical Practice, 6th Edition
Cardiology is a rapidly changing and expanding field with management protocols changing regularly and newer categories of treatment options being discovered, with greater emphasis on the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Swanton's Cardiology (formerly Pocket Consultant: Cardiology ) is a highly practical, user-friendly reference and learning text which is of great value to a wide variety of staff working with cardiac patients. Now in its sixth edition, this best-selling book has been highly praised for its readability, conciseness and clear illustrations and offers a clear and didactic style, presenting information in the form of lists and tables for quick and easy reference. The sixth edition now offers: a new design for easier navigation and use highly practical advice with clear tables for quick and easy reference five new chapters including Pregnancy and Heart Disease and Echocardiography In addition, Swanton's Cardiology covers some subjects in cardiology that are not well covered in clinical training, and this book will help fill any gaps in the reader’s clinical course, for example, sections on congenital heart disease, pacing, and cardiac investigations.
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D-Modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory

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Ryoshi Hotta, Kiyoshi Takeuchi, Toshiyuki Tanisaki, "D-Modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory"
2007 | pages: 408 | ISBN: 081764363X | PDF | 3,4 mb

D-Modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory
D-modules continues to be an active area of stimulating research in such mathematical areas as algebraic, analysis, differential equations, and representation theory. Key to D-modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory is the authors' essential algebraic-analytic approach to the theory, which connects D-modules to representation theory and other areas of mathematics.

To further aid the reader, and to make the work as self-contained as possible, appendices are provided as background for the theory of derived categories and algebraic varieties. The book is intended to serve graduate students in a classroom setting and as self-study for researchers in algebraic geometry, representation theory.
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ABLE Bodies Balance Training

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Sue Scott, "ABLE Bodies Balance Training"
English | ISBN: 0736064680 | 2008 | 368 pages | PDF | 33 MB

ABLE Bodies Balance Training
This new book includes more than 140 activities and exercises designed to progress and improve many facets of balance and mobility for more frail older adults. This instructor's guide uses strength training alongside other components known to impact balance. Purposeful activities have been designed to enhance and integrate aspects of flexibility, posture, core stability, kinesis, rhythm and gait.The book promotes a 'Can Do' attitude that improves communication and progress. It is the integration and progression of all of these components that make the ABLE Bodies Balance Training unique and engaging.In addition, "ABLE Bodies Balance Mobility" offers flexible programming and a way to re-tool programs to be more balance specific.Instructors can either choose to follow the 16 session plans that safely progress older adults, or they can choose from any of the five component categories of exercises and activities selected specifically to enhance balance and mobility per each of the following component categories: flexibility, posture and core stability, strength with a purpose, balance and mobility and cardiovascular endurance.
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Archaeological Study Bible : An Illustrated Walk Through Biblical History and Culture

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Archaeological Study Bible : An Illustrated Walk Through Biblical History and Culture by Walter C. Kaiser Jr., Duane Garrett
2006 | ISBN: 0310926068, 031092605X | English | 2336 pages | MOBI | 32 MB

Archaeological Study Bible : An Illustrated Walk Through Biblical History and Culture
"Readers who desire a more intimate knowledge of the historical context of the Bible will appreciate the NIV Archaeological Study Bible. Full of informative articles and full-color photographs of places and objects from biblical times, this Bible examines the archaeological record surrounding God's Word and brings the biblical world to life. Readers' personal studies will be enriched as they become more informed about the empires, places, and peoples of the ancient world. Features include: * Four-color interior throughout * Bottom-of-page study notes exploring passages that speak on archaeological and cultural facts * Articles (520) covering five main categories: Archaeological Sites, Cultural and Historical Notes, Ancient Peoples and Lands, the Reliability of the Bible, and Ancient Texts and Artifacts * Approximately 500 4-color photographs interspersed throughout * Detailed book introductions that provide basic, at-a-glance information * Detailed charts on pertinent topics * In-text color maps that assist the reader in placing the action "
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