Tag Archives: characterization

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai

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"Advances in Crystallization Processes" ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535105817 9789535105817 | 659 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book provides the latest research developments in many aspects of crystallization including: chiral crystallization, crystallization of nanomaterials and the crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials. This book is of interest to both fundamental research and also to practicing scientists and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in the process industries as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia.

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. In recent years, a number of new applications have also come to rely on crystallization processes such as the crystallization of nano and amorphous materials.

Contents
Section 1 Chiral crystallization
1 Separation of the Mixtures of Chiral Compounds by Crystallization
2 Crystallization on Self Assembled Monolayers
3 Asymmetric Reaction Using Molecular Chirality Controlled by Spontaneous Crystallization
Section 2 Crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials
4 Preparation of Na+ Superionic Conductors by Crystallization of Glass
5 Crystallization Kinetics of Metallic Glasses
6 Crystallization Kinetics of Amorphous Materials
7 Thermodynamics of Enthalpy Relaxation and Hole Formation of Polymer Glasses
8 Crystallization Behavior and Control of Amorphous Alloys
Section 3 Crystallization of nanomaterials
9 Influence of Crystallization on the Properties of Sn02 Thin Films
10 Crystallization of Sub-Micrometer Sized ZSM-5 Zeolites in SDA-Free Systems
11 The Growth of Chalcedony (Nanocrystalline Silica) in Electric Organs from Living Marine Fish
12 Synthesis and Characterization of Crystalline Zirconium Titanate Obtained by Sol-Gel
13 Characterization of Sol-Gel-Derived and Crystallized ??2, Zr02, Zr02-Y203 Thin Films on Si(001) Wafers with High Dielectric Constant
14 Crystalization in Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles
Section 4 Bulk Crystallization from Aqueous Solutions
15 Separation of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate Crystal from Dissolver Solution of Irradiated Fast Neutron Reactor Fuel
16 Stable and Metastable Phase Equilibria in the Salt-Water Systems
17 'Salt Weathering' Distress on Concrete by Sulfates?
18 Crystallization, Alternation and Recrystallization of Sulphates
Section 5 General issues in crystallization
19 Synthetic Methods for Perovskite Materials – Structure and Morphology
20 Phase Behavior and Crystal Structure of Binary Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Mixtures
21 Structure of Pure Aluminum After Endogenous and Exogenous Inoculation
22 Phosphoramidates: Molecular Packing and Hydrogen Bond Strength in Compounds Having a P(0)(N)n(0)3-n (n = 1, 2, 3) Skeleton
23 Synthesis and X-Ray Crystal Structure of a-Keggin-Type Aluminum-Substituted Polyoxotungstate
24 The Diffusion Model of Grown-ln Microdefects Formation During Crystallization of Dislocation-Free Silicon Single Crystals
25 Preparation of Carvedilol Spherical Crystals Having Solid Dispersion Structure by the Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method and Evaluation of Its in vitro Characteristics
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Principles and Applications of Powder Diffraction

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Principles and Applications of Powder Diffraction
English | Physics | 5. September 2008 | ISBN-10: 1405162228 | 400 pages | pdf | 10 mb
Powder diffraction is one of the primary techniques used to characterize materials, providing structural information even when the crystallite size is too small for single crystal x-ray diffraction methods.

Principles and Applications of Powder Diffraction
There has been a significant increase in the application of powder diffraction in recent years, both in research and manufacturing, fuelled by improved instrumentation, data processing and awareness of the information that can be obtained. Powder diffraction allows for rapid, non-destructive analysis of multi-component mixtures without the need for extensive sample preparation. This gives laboratories the ability to quickly analyse unknown materials and perform materials characterization in such fields as chemistry, materials science, geology, mineralogy, forensics, archaeology, and the biological and pharmaceutical sciences.

This book provides a concise introduction to modern powder diffraction methods with particular emphasis on practical aspects. It covers the background theory of diffraction in a form approachable by those with an undergraduate degree. Whilst individual chapters are written as stand alone sections, the text is sufficiently focused so that it can be read in its entirety by the non-specialist who wants to gain a rapid overview of what they can do with modern powder diffraction methods.
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“Advanced Elastomers: Technology, Properties and Applications” ed. by Anna Boczkowska

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"Advanced Elastomers: Technology, Properties and Applications" ed. by Anna Boczkowska
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535107399 9789535107392 | 412 pages | PDF | 55 MB
This book provides an extensive overview of current trends in the area of elastomers and their composites from the chapters contributed by internationally recognized specialists. The book deals with novel synthesis, modelling and experimental methods in elastomers. This book addresses to industrial and academic researchers in the fields of physical, chemical, biological sciences and engineering.

“Advanced Elastomers: Technology, Properties and Applications” ed. by Anna Boczkowska
Contents include: new approach to crosslinking, liquid crystal elastomers, nanocomposites, smart elastomers, elastomers in microelectronics and microfluidics, elastomers in cement concrete and mortar, experimental testing and modelling.
Each section demonstrates how enhancements in materials, processes and characterization techniques can improve performance in the field of engineering. The book provides a unique opportunity to discover the latest research on elastomer advances from laboratories around the world.

Contents
Preface
Section 1: New Approach to Elastomer Cross I inking
1 Aspects Regarding Radiation Cross I inking of Elastomers
Section 2: Liquid Crystal Elastomers
2 Monitoring the Contractile Properties of Optically Patterned Liquid Crystal Based Elastomers
3 Polysiloxane Side-Chain Azobenzene-Containing Liquid Single Crystal Elastomers for Photo-Active Artificial Muscle-Like Actuators
Section 3: Elastomer Nanocomposites
4 Rubber Clay Nanocomposites
5 Pigment and Dye Modified Fillers as Elastomeric Additives
Section 4: Smart Elastomers
6 Microstructure and Properties of Magnetorheological Elastomers
7 Thermo-Shrinkable Elastomers
Section 5: Elastomers in Microelectronics and Microflu id ics
8 Elastomer Application in Microsystem and Microflu id ics
9 Elasto meric Electronics: A Microflu id ic Approach
10 Use of Silicone Elastomer-Based Microfluidic Devices and Systems in Reproductive Technologies
Section 6: Elastomers in Cement Concrete and Mortar
11 Technology, Properties and Application of NRL Elastomers
Section 7: Experimental Testing and Modelling of Elastomer Properties
12 Transmittance and Reflectance of an Imprinted Cholesteric Elastomer During a Segregation Process
13 Anelastic Behavior in Filled Elastomers Under Harmonic Loading Using Distributed Rate-Dependent Elasto-Slide Elements
14 Modelling Friction and Abrasive Wear of Elastomers
15 The Significance of Equi-Biaxial Bubble Inflation in Determining Elasto meric Fatigue Properties
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“Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology” ed. by Marco G. Beghi

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"Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology" ed. by Marco G. Beghi
InTeOpP | 2011 | ISBN: 9533075724 9789533075723 | 665 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book presents several aspects of the active research ongoing in the field of Acoustic Waves. Theoretical efforts are leading to a deeper understanding of phenomena, also in complicated environments like the solar surface boundary. A whole class of widespread microdevices, including filters and sensors, is based on the behaviour of acoustic waves propagating in thin layers. The search for better performances is driving to new materials for these devices, and to more refined tools for their analysis.

“Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology” ed. by Marco G. Beghi
Contents
Part 1 Theoretical and Numerical Investigations of Acoustic Waves
1 Analysis of Acoustic Wave in Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Media Using Finite Element Method
2 Topological Singularities in Acoustic Fields due to Absorption of a Crystal
3 An Operational Approach to the Acoustic Analogy Equations
4 Exact Solutions Expressible in Hyperbolic and Jacobi Elliptic Functions of Some Important Equations of Ion-Acoustic Waves
5 A coustic Wave
Part 2 Acoustic Waves as Investigative Tools
6 Acoustic Waves: A Probe for the Elastic Properties of Films
7 Evaluation Method for Anisotropic Drilling Characteristics of the Formation by Using Acoustic Wave Information
8 Machinery Faults Detection Using Acoustic Emission Signal
9 Compensation of Ultrasound Attenuation in Photoacoustic Imaging
10 Low Frequency Acoustic Devices for Viscoelastic Complex Media Characterization
11 Modeling of Biological Interfacial Processes Using Thickness-Shear Mode Sensors
12 Analysis of Biological Acoustic Waves by Means of the Phase-Sensitivity Technique
13 Photoacoustic Technique Applied to Skin Research: Characterization of Tissue, Topically Applied Products and Transdermal Drug Delivery
14 Acoustic-Gravity Waves in the Ionosphere During Solar Eclipse Events
Part 3 Acoustic Waves as Manipulative Tools
15 Use of Acoustic Waves for Pulsating Water Jet Generation
16 Molecular Desorption by Laser-Driven Acoustic Waves: Analytical Applications and Physical Mechanisms
17 Excitation of Periodical Shock Waves in Solid-State Optical Media (Yb:YAG, Glass) at SBS of Focused Low-Coherent Pump Radiation: Structure Changes, Features of Lasing
18 An Optimal Distribution of Actuatorsin Active Beam Vibration: Some Aspects, Theoretical Considerations
Part 4 Acoustic Wave Based Microdevices
19 Multilayered Structure as a Novel Material for Surface Acoustic Wave Devices: Physical Insight
20 SAW Parameters Analysis and Equivalent Circuit of SAW Device
21 Sources of Third-Order Intermodulation Distortion in Bulk Acoustic Wave Devices: A Phenomenological Approach
22 Shear Mode Piezoelectric Thin Film Resonators
23 Polymer Coated Rayleigh SAW and STW Resonators for Gas Sensor Applications
24 Ultrananocrystalline Diamond as Material for Surface Acoustic Wave Devices
25 Aluminum Nitride (AIN) Film Based Acoustic Devices: Material Synthesis and Device Fabrication
26 Surface Acoustic Wave Devices for Harsh Environment
27 Applications of In-Fiber Acousto-Optic Devices
28 Surface Acoustic Waves and Nano-Electromechanical Systems
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Recent Advances in Redox Active Plant and Microbial Products: From Basic Chemistry to Widespread Applications in Medicine

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Recent Advances in Redox Active Plant and Microbial Products: From Basic Chemistry to Widespread Applications in Medicine and Agriculture by Claus Jacob and Gilbert Kirsch
English | 2014 | ISBN: 9401789525 | 482 pages | PDF | 13,2 MB

Recent Advances in Redox Active Plant and Microbial Products: From Basic Chemistry to Widespread Applications in Medicine
Nature endows us with a treasure chest of Green Gold full of amazing redox-active' substances which interfere with numerous biological processes in our own body, in animals, bacteria, fungi and plants. Whilst such natural products are all around and also in us, we still do not fully understand how these compounds actually work. This book attempts to resolve some of the mysteries and riddles associated with such products. Written by more than thirty international experts from academia and industry, it places a focus on modern developments in this field and considers such natural products from various angles, from their isolation and characterization all along to product development and commercialization. Throughout, the reader will be confronted with modern approaches which enable the efficient identification and isolation of new natural products, help to elucidate their mode(s) of action and permit practical uses in Medicine, Cosmetics, Agriculture, Industry and as functional foods.
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Rare-Earth Implanted MOS Devices for Silicon Photonics: Microstructural, Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties

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Rare-Earth Implanted MOS Devices for Silicon Photonics: Microstructural, Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties by Lars Rebohle and Wolfgang Skorupa
English | 2010-10-21 | ISBN: 3642144462 | PDF | 220 pages | 3 MB

Rare-Earth Implanted MOS Devices for Silicon Photonics: Microstructural, Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties
The book concentrates on the microstructural, electric and optoelectronic properties of rare-earth implanted MOS structures and their use as light emitters in potential applications. It describes the structural formation processes in the gate oxide during fabrication and under operation, how this microstructure development will affect the electrical device performance and how both microstructure and electrical characteristics determine the optoelectronic features of the light emitters. However, most of the discussed physical processes as well as the described fabrication methods and device characterization techniques are of general interest and are beyond the scope of this type of light emitter. The book will be of value to engineers, physicists, and scientists dealing either with Si based photonics in particular or optoelectronic device fabrication and characterization in general.
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Rare-Earth Implanted MOS Devices for Silicon Photonics: Microstructural, Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties

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Rare-Earth Implanted MOS Devices for Silicon Photonics: Microstructural, Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties by Lars Rebohle and Wolfgang Skorupa
English | 2010-10-21 | ISBN: 3642144462 | PDF | 220 pages | 3 MB

Rare-Earth Implanted MOS Devices for Silicon Photonics: Microstructural, Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties
The book concentrates on the microstructural, electric and optoelectronic properties of rare-earth implanted MOS structures and their use as light emitters in potential applications. It describes the structural formation processes in the gate oxide during fabrication and under operation, how this microstructure development will affect the electrical device performance and how both microstructure and electrical characteristics determine the optoelectronic features of the light emitters. However, most of the discussed physical processes as well as the described fabrication methods and device characterization techniques are of general interest and are beyond the scope of this type of light emitter. The book will be of value to engineers, physicists, and scientists dealing either with Si based photonics in particular or optoelectronic device fabrication and characterization in general.
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Advances in Ceramic Materials (Materials Science Forum, volume 606)

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Advances in Ceramic Materials (Materials Science Forum, volume 606) by Ping Xiao, Brian Ralph
2009 | ISBN: 0878493506 | English | 152 pages | PDF | 22 MB

Advances in Ceramic Materials (Materials Science Forum, volume 606)
This topical book, containing as it does state-of-the-art reviews, neatly encompasses the current status of research into ceramic materials.
The topics covered include: Thermal barrier coatings on nickel superalloy substrates; Silicon nitride ceramics; Challenges to the integration of piezoelectric ceramics into micro-electromechanical systems; When should microwaves be used to process technical ceramics?; Ceramic and glass matrix composites containing carbon nanotubes; Stresses in multilayered ceramics subjected to biaxial flexure; Advanced nano-scale metrology for the characterization of ceramic materials in the scanning electron microscope; Finite element calculation of sintering deformation using limited experimental data; Microstructural modeling of ferroelectric materials: state-of-the-art challenges and opportunities; Processing, microstructure and properties of nanograin barium titanate ceramics by spark plasma sintering.
These authoritative articles represent critical overviews of the most important developments made in ceramic science and technology, and will be of lasting interest and value.
Xiao (materials, U. of Manchester, UK) and Ralph (engineering and design, Brunel U., UK) assemble 10 articles describing current research on ceramic materials and developments in ceramic sciences and technology. Coverage encompasses thermal barrier coatings on nickel superalloy substrates; silicon nitride ceramics; the integration of piezoelectric ceramics into microelectrochemical systems; the use of microwaves in processing; ceramic and glass matrix composites containing carbon nanotubes; stresses in multilayered ceramics; nano-scale metrology for the characterization of materials; microstrucutral modeling; processing, microstructure, and properties of nanograin barium titanate ceramics; and other topics. Contributors work in materials science and engineering and ceramic physics in the UK, US, and Asia.
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Advances in Ceramic Materials (Materials Science Forum, volume 606)

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Advances in Ceramic Materials (Materials Science Forum, volume 606) by Ping Xiao, Brian Ralph
2009 | ISBN: 0878493506 | English | 152 pages | PDF | 22 MB

Advances in Ceramic Materials (Materials Science Forum, volume 606)
This topical book, containing as it does state-of-the-art reviews, neatly encompasses the current status of research into ceramic materials.
The topics covered include: Thermal barrier coatings on nickel superalloy substrates; Silicon nitride ceramics; Challenges to the integration of piezoelectric ceramics into micro-electromechanical systems; When should microwaves be used to process technical ceramics?; Ceramic and glass matrix composites containing carbon nanotubes; Stresses in multilayered ceramics subjected to biaxial flexure; Advanced nano-scale metrology for the characterization of ceramic materials in the scanning electron microscope; Finite element calculation of sintering deformation using limited experimental data; Microstructural modeling of ferroelectric materials: state-of-the-art challenges and opportunities; Processing, microstructure and properties of nanograin barium titanate ceramics by spark plasma sintering.
These authoritative articles represent critical overviews of the most important developments made in ceramic science and technology, and will be of lasting interest and value.
Xiao (materials, U. of Manchester, UK) and Ralph (engineering and design, Brunel U., UK) assemble 10 articles describing current research on ceramic materials and developments in ceramic sciences and technology. Coverage encompasses thermal barrier coatings on nickel superalloy substrates; silicon nitride ceramics; the integration of piezoelectric ceramics into microelectrochemical systems; the use of microwaves in processing; ceramic and glass matrix composites containing carbon nanotubes; stresses in multilayered ceramics; nano-scale metrology for the characterization of materials; microstrucutral modeling; processing, microstructure, and properties of nanograin barium titanate ceramics; and other topics. Contributors work in materials science and engineering and ceramic physics in the UK, US, and Asia.
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Food Emulsions: Principles, Practice, and Techniques by David Julian McClements

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Food Emulsions: Principles, Practice, and Techniques by David Julian McClements
English | Aug 26, 1998 | ISBN: 0849380081 | 366 Pages | PDF | 17 MB
Food Emulsions: Principles, Practice, and Techniques introduces basic principles and techniques of emulsion science and demonstrates how this knowledge can be applied to better understand and control appearance, stability, and texture of many common and important emulsion-based foods. Topics include formation, characterization, and application of emulsions.

Food Emulsions: Principles, Practice, and Techniques by David Julian McClements
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