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“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai

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"Advances in Crystallization Processes" ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535105817 9789535105817 | 659 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book provides the latest research developments in many aspects of crystallization including: chiral crystallization, crystallization of nanomaterials and the crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials. This book is of interest to both fundamental research and also to practicing scientists and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in the process industries as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia.

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. In recent years, a number of new applications have also come to rely on crystallization processes such as the crystallization of nano and amorphous materials.

Contents
Section 1 Chiral crystallization
1 Separation of the Mixtures of Chiral Compounds by Crystallization
2 Crystallization on Self Assembled Monolayers
3 Asymmetric Reaction Using Molecular Chirality Controlled by Spontaneous Crystallization
Section 2 Crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials
4 Preparation of Na+ Superionic Conductors by Crystallization of Glass
5 Crystallization Kinetics of Metallic Glasses
6 Crystallization Kinetics of Amorphous Materials
7 Thermodynamics of Enthalpy Relaxation and Hole Formation of Polymer Glasses
8 Crystallization Behavior and Control of Amorphous Alloys
Section 3 Crystallization of nanomaterials
9 Influence of Crystallization on the Properties of Sn02 Thin Films
10 Crystallization of Sub-Micrometer Sized ZSM-5 Zeolites in SDA-Free Systems
11 The Growth of Chalcedony (Nanocrystalline Silica) in Electric Organs from Living Marine Fish
12 Synthesis and Characterization of Crystalline Zirconium Titanate Obtained by Sol-Gel
13 Characterization of Sol-Gel-Derived and Crystallized ??2, Zr02, Zr02-Y203 Thin Films on Si(001) Wafers with High Dielectric Constant
14 Crystalization in Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles
Section 4 Bulk Crystallization from Aqueous Solutions
15 Separation of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate Crystal from Dissolver Solution of Irradiated Fast Neutron Reactor Fuel
16 Stable and Metastable Phase Equilibria in the Salt-Water Systems
17 'Salt Weathering' Distress on Concrete by Sulfates?
18 Crystallization, Alternation and Recrystallization of Sulphates
Section 5 General issues in crystallization
19 Synthetic Methods for Perovskite Materials – Structure and Morphology
20 Phase Behavior and Crystal Structure of Binary Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Mixtures
21 Structure of Pure Aluminum After Endogenous and Exogenous Inoculation
22 Phosphoramidates: Molecular Packing and Hydrogen Bond Strength in Compounds Having a P(0)(N)n(0)3-n (n = 1, 2, 3) Skeleton
23 Synthesis and X-Ray Crystal Structure of a-Keggin-Type Aluminum-Substituted Polyoxotungstate
24 The Diffusion Model of Grown-ln Microdefects Formation During Crystallization of Dislocation-Free Silicon Single Crystals
25 Preparation of Carvedilol Spherical Crystals Having Solid Dispersion Structure by the Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method and Evaluation of Its in vitro Characteristics
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Recent Advances in Redox Active Plant and Microbial Products: From Basic Chemistry to Widespread Applications in Medicine

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Recent Advances in Redox Active Plant and Microbial Products: From Basic Chemistry to Widespread Applications in Medicine and Agriculture by Claus Jacob and Gilbert Kirsch
English | 2014 | ISBN: 9401789525 | 482 pages | PDF | 13,2 MB

Recent Advances in Redox Active Plant and Microbial Products: From Basic Chemistry to Widespread Applications in Medicine
Nature endows us with a treasure chest of Green Gold full of amazing redox-active' substances which interfere with numerous biological processes in our own body, in animals, bacteria, fungi and plants. Whilst such natural products are all around and also in us, we still do not fully understand how these compounds actually work. This book attempts to resolve some of the mysteries and riddles associated with such products. Written by more than thirty international experts from academia and industry, it places a focus on modern developments in this field and considers such natural products from various angles, from their isolation and characterization all along to product development and commercialization. Throughout, the reader will be confronted with modern approaches which enable the efficient identification and isolation of new natural products, help to elucidate their mode(s) of action and permit practical uses in Medicine, Cosmetics, Agriculture, Industry and as functional foods.
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“Advanced Understanding of Neurodegenerative Diseases” ed. by Raymond Chuen-Chung Chang

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"Advanced Understanding of Neurodegenerative Diseases" ed. by Raymond Chuen-Chung Chang
InTeOpP | 2011 | ISBN: 9533075295 9789533075297 | pages | PDF | 24 MB
This book focuses on different types of diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia, different tauopathies, Parkinson's disease, prion disease, motor neuron diseases such as multiple sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy. This book provides a clear explanation of different neurodegenerative diseases with new concepts of understand the etiology, pathological mechanisms, drug screening methodology and new therapeutic interventions.

“Advanced Understanding of Neurodegenerative Diseases” ed. by Raymond Chuen-Chung Chang
This book is suitable for different readers: college students can use it as a textbook; researchers in academic institutions and pharmaceutical companies can take it as updated research information; health care professionals can take it as a reference book, even patients' families, relatives and friends can take it as a good basis to understand neurodegenerative diseases.

Contents
Part 1: Alzheimer's Disease a Dementia
1 Alzheimer's Disease: Definition, Molecular and Genetic Factors
2 Evidence for an Infectious Etiology in Alzheimer's Disease
3 Amyloid Hypothesis and Alzheimer's Disease
4 Structure-Toxicity Relationships of Amyloid Peptide Oligomers
5 Disruption of Calcium Homeostasis in Alzheimer's Disease: Role of Channel Formation by p Amyloid Protein
6 Recent Developments in Molecular Changes Leading to Alzheimer's Disease and Novel Therapeutic Approaches
7 Clinical Profile of Alzheimer's Disease Non-Responder Patient
8 Construction of Drug Screening Cell Model and Application to New Compounds Interfering Production and Accumulation of Beta-Amyloid by Inhibiting Gamma-Secretase
9 Therapeutics of Alzheimer's Disease
10 Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
11 From Protein Tangles to Genetic Variants: The Central Role of Tau in Neurodegenerative Disease
Part 2: Parkinson's Disease
12 Gut Hormones Restrict Neurodegeneration in Parkinson's Disease
13 Grape Secondary Metabolites – Benefits for Human Health
Part 3: Prion Diseases
14 Computational Studies of the Structural Stability of Rabbit Prion Protein Compared to Human and Mouse Prion Proteins
15 The Effects of Trimethylamine N-Oxide on the Structural Stability of Prion Protein
Part 4: Motor Neuron Diseases
16 Modeling Spinal Muscular Atrophy in Mouse: A Disease of Splicing, Stability, and Timing
17 Wallerian Degeneration in Injury and Diseases: Concepts and Prevention
18 Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy for Apoptosis After Spinal Cord Injury
19 Modelling Multiple Sclerosis in vitro and the Influence of Activated Macrophages
20 Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
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Restoration of Contaminated Aquifers: Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Compounds, 2 edition

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Restoration of Contaminated Aquifers: Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Compounds, 2 edition by Stephen M. Testa
English | June 22, 2000 | ISBN: 1566703204 | Pages: 464 | PDF | 16,3 MB

Restoration of Contaminated Aquifers: Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Compounds, 2 edition
The second edition of Restoration of Contaminated Aquifers: Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Compounds incorporates the latest advances in in-situ remediation and natural attenuation, and maintains the comprehensive, accessible structure that made the first edition a classic.

The new edition broadens the scope of the first by examining all forms of hydrocarbon contamination. The authors emphasize the remediation of Non-aqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) and, Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids (DNAPLs). They also address the growing role of natural attenuation.
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Ecotoxicology of Antifouling Biocides by Takaomi Arai

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Ecotoxicology of Antifouling Biocides by Takaomi Arai
English | Mar 16, 2009 | ISBN: 4431857087 | 437 Pages | PDF | 15,7 MB

Ecotoxicology of Antifouling Biocides by Takaomi Arai
Organotin compounds, used as antifouling biocides since 1960, are chemical compounds that act as endocrine disrupters. It is not known how organotin compounds cause hormone disturbance, however, and many questions remain about their effect on aquatic organisms. Studies on organotin compounds have recently evolved, with many new findings reported. Following a worldwide ban on organotin compounds in 2008, alternative compounds will mainly be used, with the potential for coastal areas to become contaminated, causing, among other effects, cholinesterase inhibition in aquatic organisms. Use of alternative compounds must be controlled to avoid such errors. These and other findings are described and concisely summarized in this book, providing a useful reference in countries where alternative biocides are being considered. Included are studies on the effects on marine organisms, making this book an excellent aid to experts in environmental chemistry, to government organizations, and to students.
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Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI

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Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI by Golla Eranna
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1482232812 | 430 pages | PDF | 15 MB

Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI
Silicon, as a single-crystal semiconductor, has sparked a revolution in the field of electronics and touched nearly every field of science and technology. Though available abundantly as silica and in various other forms in nature, silicon is difficult to separate from its chemical compounds because of its reactivity. As a solid, silicon is chemically inert and stable, but growing it as a single crystal creates many technological challenges.
is one of the first books to cover the systematic growth of silicon single crystals and the complete evaluation of silicon, from sand to useful wafers for device fabrication. Written for engineers and researchers working in semiconductor fabrication industries, this practical text:
* Describes different techniques used to grow silicon single crystals
* Explains how grown single-crystal ingots become a complete silicon wafer for integrated-circuit fabrication
* Reviews different methods to evaluate silicon wafers to determine suitability for device applications
* Analyzes silicon wafers in terms of resistivity and impurity concentration mapping
* Examines the effect of intentional and unintentional impurities
* Explores the defects found in regular silicon-crystal lattice
* Discusses silicon wafer preparation for VLSI and ULSI processing
is an essential reference for different approaches to the selection of the basic silicon-containing compound, separation of silicon as metallurgical-grade pure silicon, subsequent purification, single-crystal growth, and defects and evaluation of the deviations within the grown crystals.
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New Trends in Cross-Coupling: Theory and Applications

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Thomas Colacot, Chris Hardacre, "New Trends in Cross-Coupling: Theory and Applications"
2015 | ISBN-10: 1849738963 | 912 pages | PDF | 203 MB

New Trends in Cross-Coupling: Theory and Applications
Palladium-catalysed cross-coupling reactions constitute a powerful class of chemical methods for the creation of carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bonds used in organic synthesis, famously recognized by the 2010 Nobel Prize awarded to Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki 'for palladium-catalysed cross-couplings in organic synthesis.' These methods have become ubiquitous in academic and industrial settings alike, as applications span from industrial production of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, polymers, and dyes to the synthesis of complex natural products. New Trends in Cross-Coupling provides the reader with the history and basic, concepts of cross-coupling up to the state of the art in modern coupling reactions from both technology and applied perspectives. A wide breadth of topics including selecting prominent ligand types; advances in Pd-phosphine precatalysts and Pd N-heterocyclic carbene complexes; new reactions such as carboiodination; implementation of new technologies such as continuous flow and advanced metal detection methods; greener approaches to cross-coupling; as well as large-scale applications in the syntheses of pharmaceutical materials are covered. Edited by Thomas J. Colacot, an Industrial expert on cross coupling, the book contains contributions from academic and industrial world leaders in the field as well as a Forewords from Professor Barry M. Trost, Gregory C. Fu and 2010 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry Professor Ei-ichi Negishi. New Trends in Cross-Coupling serves as a reference guide for both undergraduate and graduate students as well as those who are experts in the area. '…this compilation, a "Must" for anyone interested in learning and using newer trends in cross-coupling.' Ei-ichi Negishi, 2010 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 'I am very pleased to see such a book concerning cross coupling reactions published.' Professor Akira Suzuki – 2010 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. 'this book is invaluable to anyone involved in synthesis of organic compounds for any purpose.' Professor Barry Trost, Stanford University.
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Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2

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Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2 by Gijsbert van der Marel and Jeroen Codee
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1439875944 | 333 pages | PDF | 6 MB
Long gone are the days when synthetic publications included parallel preparative experiments to document reproducibility of the experimental protocols and when journals required such documentation.

Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2
The new Proven Synthetic Methods Series addresses concerns to chemists regarding irreproducibility of synthetic protocols, lack of characterization data for new compounds, and inflated yields reported in many chemical communications-trends that have recently become a serious problem.
Volume One of Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods includes more detailed versions of protocols previously published for the synthesis of oligosaccharides, C-glycosyl compounds, sugar nucleotides, click chemistry, thioglycosides, and thioimidates, among others. The compilation of protocols covers both common and less frequently used synthetic methods as well as examples of syntheses of selected carbohydrate intermediates with general utility. The major focus of this book is devoted to the proper practice of state-of-the-art preparative procedures, including:
* References to the starting materials used, reaction setup, work-up and isolation of products, followed by identification and proof of purity of the final material
* General information regarding convenience of operation and comments on safety issues
* Versatile and practically useful methods that have not received deserved, long-lasting recognition or that are difficult to access from their primary sources
* Copies of 1D NMR spectra of compounds prepared, showing purity of materials readers can expect
Exploring carbohydrate chemistry from the academic points of view, the Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods Series provides a compendium of preparatively useful procedures checked by chemists from independent research groups.
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Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2

FREEDownload : Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2

Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2 by Gijsbert van der Marel and Jeroen Codee
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1439875944 | 333 pages | PDF | 6 MB
Long gone are the days when synthetic publications included parallel preparative experiments to document reproducibility of the experimental protocols and when journals required such documentation.

Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2
The new Proven Synthetic Methods Series addresses concerns to chemists regarding irreproducibility of synthetic protocols, lack of characterization data for new compounds, and inflated yields reported in many chemical communications-trends that have recently become a serious problem.
Volume One of Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods includes more detailed versions of protocols previously published for the synthesis of oligosaccharides, C-glycosyl compounds, sugar nucleotides, click chemistry, thioglycosides, and thioimidates, among others. The compilation of protocols covers both common and less frequently used synthetic methods as well as examples of syntheses of selected carbohydrate intermediates with general utility. The major focus of this book is devoted to the proper practice of state-of-the-art preparative procedures, including:
* References to the starting materials used, reaction setup, work-up and isolation of products, followed by identification and proof of purity of the final material
* General information regarding convenience of operation and comments on safety issues
* Versatile and practically useful methods that have not received deserved, long-lasting recognition or that are difficult to access from their primary sources
* Copies of 1D NMR spectra of compounds prepared, showing purity of materials readers can expect
Exploring carbohydrate chemistry from the academic points of view, the Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods Series provides a compendium of preparatively useful procedures checked by chemists from independent research groups.
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Natural Products in Plant Pest Management

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Natural Products in Plant Pest Management by Nawal Kishore Dubey
English | 2010-01-10 | ISBN: 184593671X | PDF | 400 pages | 3 MB

Natural Products in Plant Pest Management
Overzealous and indiscriminate use of many synthetic pesticides during recent decades in the control of plant pests has resulted in a number of environmental and toxicological problems. Reducing the release of synthetic chemicals into the environment requires that alternative sources of chemicals are developed that can be used safely in the management of plant pests. Botanical antimicrobials derived from plants are currently recognised as biodegradable, systemic, eco-friendly and non-toxic to mammals and are thus considered safe. Their modes of action against pests are diverse. Natural compounds are well suited to organic food production in industrialised countries and can play greater roles in the protection of food crops in developing countries Some plant based antimicrobials (e.g. neem products, pyrethoids and essential oils) are already used to manage pest populations on a large scale. Plant scientists and agriculturists now devote significant attention to discovery and further development and formulation of novel plant products with antimicrobial activity.This book is the first to bring together relevant aspects of the basic and applied sciences of natural pesticides and discussed trends in the use of natural products in pest management.
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