Tag Archives: concerned

Nonlocal Continuum Field Theories

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Nonlocal Continuum Field Theories
English | Physics, Mechanics | 1. Jule 2002 | ISBN-10: 0387952756 | 376 pages | pdf | 2 mb
Nonlocal continuum field theories are concerned with material bodies whose behavior at any interior point depends on the state of all other points in the body — rather than only on an effective field resulting from these points — in addition to its own state and the state of some calculable external field.

Nonlocal Continuum Field Theories
nonlocal continuum field theories are concerned with material bodies whose behavior at any interior point depends on the state of all other points in the body — rather than only on an effective field resulting from these points — in addition to its own state and the state of some calculable external field. Nonlocal field theory extends classical field theory by describing the responses of points within the medium by functionals rather than functions (the "constitutive relations" of classical field theory). Such considerations are already well known in solid-state physics, where the nonlocal interactions between the atoms are prevalent in determining the properties of the material. The tools developed for crystalline materials, however, do not lend themselves to analyzing amorphous materials, or materials in which imperfections are a major part of the structure. Nonlocal continuum theories, by contrast, can describe these materials faithfully at scales down to the lattice parameter. This book presents a unified approach to field theories for elastic solids, viscous fluids, and heat-conducting electromagnetic solids and fluids that include nonlocal effects in both space and time (memory effects). The solutions to the field equations agree remarkably well with atomic theories and experimental observations.
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Tales of Gotham, Historical Archaeology, Ethnohistory and Microhistory of New York City

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Tales of Gotham, Historical Archaeology, Ethnohistory and Microhistory of New York City by Meta F. Janowitz and Diane Dallal
English | ISBN: 1461452716 | 2013 | PDF | 389 pages | 10 MB

Tales of Gotham, Historical Archaeology, Ethnohistory and Microhistory of New York City
Historical Archaeology of New York City is a collection of narratives about people who lived in New York City during the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries, people whose lives archaeologists have encountered during excavations at sites where these people lived or worked. The stories are ethnohistorical or microhistorical studies created using archaeological and documentary data. As microhistories, they are concerned with particular people living at particular times in the past within the framework of world events. The world events framework will be provided in short introductions to chapters grouped by time periods and themes. The foreword by Mary Beaudry and the afterword by LuAnne DeCunzo bookend the individual case studies and add theoretical weight to the volume. Historical Archaeology of New York City focuses on specific individual life stories, or stories of groups of people, as a way to present archaeological theory and research. Archaeologists work with material culture-artifacts-to recreate daily lives and study how culture works; this book is an example of how to do this in a way that can attract people interested in history as well as in anthropological theory.
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Change They Can’t Believe In: The Tea Party and Reactionary Politics in America

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Christopher S. Parker, Matt A. Barreto, "Change They Can't Believe In: The Tea Party and Reactionary Politics in America"
English | ISBN: 0691151830, 0691163618 | 2013 | PDF | 378 pages | 11 MB

Change They Can’t Believe In: The Tea Party and Reactionary Politics in America
Are Tea Party supporters merely a group of conservative citizens concerned about government spending? Or are they racists who refuse to accept Barack Obama as their president because he's not white? Change They Can't Believe In offers an alternative argument–that the Tea Party is driven by the reemergence of a reactionary movement in American politics that is fueled by a fear that America has changed for the worse. Providing a range of original evidence and rich portraits of party sympathizers as well as activists, Christopher Parker and Matt Barreto show that what actually pushes Tea Party supporters is not simple ideology or racism, but fear that the country is being stolen from "real Americans"–a belief triggered by Obama's election. From civil liberties and policy issues, to participation in the political process, the perception that America is in danger directly informs how Tea Party supporters think and act.

The authors argue that this isn't the first time a segment of American society has perceived the American way of life as under siege. In fact, movements of this kind often appear when some individuals believe that "American" values are under threat by rapid social changes. Drawing connections between the Tea Party and right-wing reactionary movements of the past, including the Know Nothing Party, the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s, and the John Birch Society, Parker and Barreto develop a framework that transcends the Tea Party to shed light on its current and future consequences.

Linking past and present reactionary movements, Change They Can't Believe In rigorously examines the motivations and political implications associated with today's Tea Party.
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A Critique of Welfare Economics, 2nd edition

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I. M. D. Little, "A Critique of Welfare Economics, 2nd edition"
English | ISBN: 0198281196, 0198810040 | 2002 | 324 pages | PDF | 15 MB

A Critique of Welfare Economics, 2nd edition
A Critique of Welfare Economics was first published in 1950. It was concerned with the exposition, criticism, and appreciation of the theory of economic welfare as it had been developed to that date. It was an attempt to clarify what was meant by 'welfare'; to distinguish measurable, verifiable elements of the theory from subjective normative judgements about policies for improving economic well-being; and to establish criteria for determining whether one configuration of the economic system is better or worse than another. Little showed that the welfare theory of the time could be based directly on individual market choices, and that resort to traditional utilitarian concepts was not essential.

A Critique of Welfare Economics is now reissued at the same time as Ethics, Economics, and Politics – Little's latest book which explores the overlap between the three disciplines, and discusses the need for political decisions in economic matters, and the principles guiding them. He has added a new retrospective preface to Critique in which he assesses the contribution the book made in the light of subsequent literature in the area.
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Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens

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Jon Hesk "Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens"
Cambridge University Press | 2001-01-29 | ISBN: 0521643228 | 344 pages | PDF | 3 MB

Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens
This book is a study of the ways in which classical Athenian texts represent and evaluate the morality of deception. It is particularly concerned with the way in which the telling of lies was a problem for the world's first democracy and compares this problem with the modern Western situation. There are major sections on Greek tragedy, comedy, oratory, historiography and philosophy.
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The Social Setting of the Ministry as Reflected in the Writings of Hermas, Clement and Ignatius by Harry O. Maier

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The Social Setting of the Ministry as Reflected in the Writings of Hermas, Clement and Ignatius by Harry O. Maier
English | Nov 8, 2002 | ISBN: 088920411X | 240 Pages | PDF | 34,5 MB

The Social Setting of the Ministry as Reflected in the Writings of Hermas, Clement and Ignatius by Harry O. Maier
Focussing on three first- and early-second-century documents (the Shepherd of Hermas, 1 Clement and the Ignatian epistles), this work contributes to a growing body of literature concerned with the social setting of early Christianity. Maier argues that the development of structures of leadership in the early Christian church is best accounted for by reference to the hospitality, patronage, and leadership of wealthy hosts who invited local Christian groups to meet in their homes. Sociological models and types are employed to analyze the tensions that arose from excesses of patronage and leadership by the well-to-do.

Recognizing the socio-economic setting of these conflicts corrects the interpretation of early Christian conflicts over the ministry as purely theological and doctrinali.
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The Social Setting of the Ministry as Reflected in the Writings of Hermas, Clement and Ignatius by Harry O. Maier

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The Social Setting of the Ministry as Reflected in the Writings of Hermas, Clement and Ignatius by Harry O. Maier
English | Nov 8, 2002 | ISBN: 088920411X | 240 Pages | PDF | 34,5 MB

The Social Setting of the Ministry as Reflected in the Writings of Hermas, Clement and Ignatius by Harry O. Maier
Focussing on three first- and early-second-century documents (the Shepherd of Hermas, 1 Clement and the Ignatian epistles), this work contributes to a growing body of literature concerned with the social setting of early Christianity. Maier argues that the development of structures of leadership in the early Christian church is best accounted for by reference to the hospitality, patronage, and leadership of wealthy hosts who invited local Christian groups to meet in their homes. Sociological models and types are employed to analyze the tensions that arose from excesses of patronage and leadership by the well-to-do.

Recognizing the socio-economic setting of these conflicts corrects the interpretation of early Christian conflicts over the ministry as purely theological and doctrinali.
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Information Visualisation: Techniques, Usability and Evaluation

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Information Visualisation: Techniques, Usability and Evaluation by Ebad Banissi, Francis T. Marchese, Camilla Forsell, Jimmy Johansson
2014 | ISBN: 1443859818 | English | 290 pages | PDF | 5 MB

Information Visualisation: Techniques, Usability and Evaluation
Information visualisation is the field of study that is concerned with the development of methods for transforming abstract, complex data into visual representations in order to make that data more easily communicable and understandable. This volume reviews recent developments in information visualisation techniques, their application, and methods for their evaluation. It offers a wide range of examples of applied information visualisation from across disciplines such as history, art, the humanities, science and technology. Beginning with an examination of its medieval origins, it presents theoretical and applied approaches to information representation, including two and three-dimensional cartographic rendering and navigation techniques. In addition, it explores the language of shapes and how it can be employed to further the visualisation of multifaceted data. As a whole, this collection emphasises the important role that the visualisation process plays in extracting, analysing, and presenting the hidden layers of meaning found within large and complex data sets. It includes contributions from an international collection of researchers and authors. It is an introduction to the discipline of information visualisation, its current state of affairs, and its future trends. It includes a discussion of information visualisation's origins, providing an important historical context for the field. It is a comprehensive review of methods for shaping and rendering two and three-dimensional representations of abstract information. It covers the visualisation of interconnected networks of data in order to extract their causal relationships. It presents an approach to hierarchical structuring and re-structuring of information by applying methods of two-dimensional data mapping. It covers application of common metaphors for visualizing computer code, and visualisation analysis of historical events and their relationships. It includes a review of methods for evaluating information visualization tools, concepts, and methodologies, and recommendations for their application.
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Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad

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Martin Lorenz-Meyer, "Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad"
2007 | ISBN-10: 0826217192 | 392 pages | PDF | 2 MB

Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad
As Germany faced inevitable defeat in World War II, the Allies became concerned that the Nazis would attempt to hide their assets in neutral countries – Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal, Spain, and Turkey – in order to revive their cause in later years. To address this danger, the United States, along with Britain and France as reluctant partners, initiated the "Safehaven" program to probe questions of secret foreign bank accounts, the German wartime gold trade, and the actions of German companies abroad toward the end of the Nazi regime. Initiated by the Federal Economic Administration, Safehaven was soon integrated with U.S. plans, advocated by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, to avert future German aggression. These proposals quickly fell out of favor, but the Morgenthau Plan's suggestion to use all German assets as reparations remained attractive. In this first detailed historical study of Safehaven in English, Martin Lorenz-Meyer focuses on policies of the Allies, revealing their disagreements about the program and addressing the historical roots of a problem that over decades the Cold War had successfully buried. Lorenz-Meyer shows how American administrative agencies were constantly at odds regarding Safehaven's administration and how coordination of the program was further complicated by different assumptions held by the United States and Britain regarding its aims. Using Sweden as an example, he offers an investigation of the effects of Safehaven in the neutral countries, drawing comparisons with experiences of the program in Switzerland. His research discloses the sums involved and the neutral countries' positions and also explores the complications posed by international law for any plan to expropriate German assets. Over time, the neutral countries objected to uncompensated confiscations for a war in which they did not participate, and the United States gradually lost interest in infringing on German wealth because Germany was needed as a new ally. Lorenz-Meyer tells how Safehaven suffered from the discontinuation of wartime controls in a renewed climate of free trade. He also contends that the very problem that necessitated the program raised questions regarding the true neutrality of the countries involved. "Safehaven" is a significant addition to the history of Third Reich and international relations, notably concerning American foreign policy. As America continues to face foreign-policy dilemmas regarding trade with enemies and issues of neutrality, "Safehaven" offers an illuminating case history that sheds new light on current affairs.
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Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad

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Martin Lorenz-Meyer, "Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad"
2007 | ISBN-10: 0826217192 | 392 pages | PDF | 2 MB

Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad
As Germany faced inevitable defeat in World War II, the Allies became concerned that the Nazis would attempt to hide their assets in neutral countries – Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal, Spain, and Turkey – in order to revive their cause in later years. To address this danger, the United States, along with Britain and France as reluctant partners, initiated the "Safehaven" program to probe questions of secret foreign bank accounts, the German wartime gold trade, and the actions of German companies abroad toward the end of the Nazi regime. Initiated by the Federal Economic Administration, Safehaven was soon integrated with U.S. plans, advocated by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, to avert future German aggression. These proposals quickly fell out of favor, but the Morgenthau Plan's suggestion to use all German assets as reparations remained attractive. In this first detailed historical study of Safehaven in English, Martin Lorenz-Meyer focuses on policies of the Allies, revealing their disagreements about the program and addressing the historical roots of a problem that over decades the Cold War had successfully buried. Lorenz-Meyer shows how American administrative agencies were constantly at odds regarding Safehaven's administration and how coordination of the program was further complicated by different assumptions held by the United States and Britain regarding its aims. Using Sweden as an example, he offers an investigation of the effects of Safehaven in the neutral countries, drawing comparisons with experiences of the program in Switzerland. His research discloses the sums involved and the neutral countries' positions and also explores the complications posed by international law for any plan to expropriate German assets. Over time, the neutral countries objected to uncompensated confiscations for a war in which they did not participate, and the United States gradually lost interest in infringing on German wealth because Germany was needed as a new ally. Lorenz-Meyer tells how Safehaven suffered from the discontinuation of wartime controls in a renewed climate of free trade. He also contends that the very problem that necessitated the program raised questions regarding the true neutrality of the countries involved. "Safehaven" is a significant addition to the history of Third Reich and international relations, notably concerning American foreign policy. As America continues to face foreign-policy dilemmas regarding trade with enemies and issues of neutrality, "Safehaven" offers an illuminating case history that sheds new light on current affairs.
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