Tag Archives: coordination

Making Space: How the Brain Knows Where Things Are

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Jennifer M. Groh, "Making Space: How the Brain Knows Where Things Are"
English | ISBN: 0674863216 | 2014 | 218 pages | PDF | 5 MB

Making Space: How the Brain Knows Where Things Are
Knowing where things are seems effortless. Yet our brains devote tremendous computational power to figuring out the simplest details about spatial relationships. Going to the grocery store or finding our cell phone requires sleuthing and coordination across different sensory and motor domains. Making Space" traces this mental detective work to explain how the brain creates our sense of location. But it goes further, to make the case that spatial processing permeates all our cognitive abilities, and that the brain s systems for thinking about space may be the systems of thought itself. Our senses measure energy in the form of light, sound, and pressure on the skin, and our brains evaluate these measurements to make inferences about objects and boundaries. Jennifer Groh describes how eyes detect electromagnetic radiation, how the brain can locate sounds by measuring differences of less than one one-thousandth of a second in how long they take to reach each ear, and how the ear s balance organs help us monitor body posture and movement. The brain synthesizes all this neural information so that we can navigate three-dimensional space. But the brain s work doesn t end there. Spatial representations do double duty in aiding memory and reasoning. This is why it is harder to remember how to get somewhere if someone else is driving, and why, if we set out to do something and forget what it was, returning to the place we started can jog our memory. In making space the brain uses powers we did not know we have."
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Structural Complexity Management: An Approach for the Field of Product Design

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Udo Lindemann, Maik Maurer, Thomas Braun, "Structural Complexity Management: An Approach for the Field of Product Design"
2009 | pages: 247 | ISBN: 3540878882 | PDF | 12,4 mb

Structural Complexity Management: An Approach for the Field of Product Design
Product design is characterized by a steady increase in complexity. The main focus of this book is a structural approach on complexity management. This means, system structures are considered in order to address the challenge of complexity in all aspects of product design. Structures arise from the complex dependencies of system elements. Thus, the identification of system structures provides access to the understanding of system behavior in practical applications.

The book presents a methodology that enables the analysis, control and optimization of complex structures, and the applicability of domain-spanning problems. The methodology allows significant improvements on handling system complexity by creating improved system understanding on the one hand and optimizing product design that is robust for system adaptations on the other hand. Developers can thereby enhance project coordination and improve communication between team members and as a result shorten development time. The practical application of the methodology is described by means of two detailed examples.
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Structural Complexity Management: An Approach for the Field of Product Design

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Udo Lindemann, Maik Maurer, Thomas Braun, "Structural Complexity Management: An Approach for the Field of Product Design"
2009 | pages: 247 | ISBN: 3540878882 | PDF | 12,4 mb

Structural Complexity Management: An Approach for the Field of Product Design
Product design is characterized by a steady increase in complexity. The main focus of this book is a structural approach on complexity management. This means, system structures are considered in order to address the challenge of complexity in all aspects of product design. Structures arise from the complex dependencies of system elements. Thus, the identification of system structures provides access to the understanding of system behavior in practical applications.

The book presents a methodology that enables the analysis, control and optimization of complex structures, and the applicability of domain-spanning problems. The methodology allows significant improvements on handling system complexity by creating improved system understanding on the one hand and optimizing product design that is robust for system adaptations on the other hand. Developers can thereby enhance project coordination and improve communication between team members and as a result shorten development time. The practical application of the methodology is described by means of two detailed examples.
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Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles

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Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles by Vladimir Zatsiorsky and Boris Prilutsky
English | 2012 | ISBN: 0736080201 | 536 pages | PDF | 8,6 MB
Richly illustrated and presented in clear, concise language, Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles is an essential resource for those seeking advanced knowledge of muscle biomechanics. Written by leading experts Vladimir Zatsiorsky and Boris Prilutsky, the text is one of the few to look at muscle biomechanics in its entirety-from muscle fibers to muscle coordination-making it a unique contribution to the field.

Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles
Using a blend of experimental evidence and mechanical models, Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles provides an explanation of whole muscle biomechanics at work in the body in motion. The book first addresses the mechanical behavior of single muscles-from the sarcomere level up to the entire muscle. The architecture of human muscle, the mechanical properties of tendons and passive muscles, the biomechanics of active muscles, and the force transmission and shock absorption aspects of muscle are explored in detail. Next, the various issues of muscle functioning during human motion are addressed. The transformation from muscle force to joint movements, two-joint muscle function, eccentric muscle action, and muscle coordination are analyzed.

This advanced text assumes some knowledge of algebra and calculus; however, the emphasis is on understanding physical concepts. Higher-level computational descriptions are placed in special sections in the later chapters of the book, allowing those with a strong mathematical background to explore this material in more detail. Readers who choose to skip over these sections will find that the book still provides a strong conceptual understanding of advanced topics.

Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles also contains numerous special features that facilitate readers' comprehension of the topics presented. More than 300 illustrations and accompanying explanations provide an extensive visual representation of muscle biomechanics. Refresher sidebars offer brief reminders of mathematical and biomechanical concepts, and From the Literature sidebars present practical examples that illustrate the concepts under discussion. Chapter summaries and review questions provide an opportunity for reflection and self-testing, and reference lists at the end of each chapter provide a starting point for further study.

Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles offers a thorough explanation of whole muscle biomechanics, bridging the gap between foundational biomechanics texts and scientific literature. With the information found in this text, readers can prepare themselves to better understand the latest in cutting-edge research.

Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles is the third volume in the Biomechanics of Human Motion series. Advanced readers in human movement science gain a comprehensive understanding of the biomechanics of human motion as presented by one of the world's foremost researchers on the subject, Dr. Vladimir Zatsiorsky. The series begins with Kinematics of Human Motion, which details human body positioning and movement in three dimensions; continues with Kinetics of Human Motion, which examines the forces that create body motion and their effects; and concludes with Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles, which explains the action of the biological motors that exert force and produce mechanical work during human movement.
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Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad

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Martin Lorenz-Meyer, "Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad"
2007 | ISBN-10: 0826217192 | 392 pages | PDF | 2 MB

Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad
As Germany faced inevitable defeat in World War II, the Allies became concerned that the Nazis would attempt to hide their assets in neutral countries – Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal, Spain, and Turkey – in order to revive their cause in later years. To address this danger, the United States, along with Britain and France as reluctant partners, initiated the "Safehaven" program to probe questions of secret foreign bank accounts, the German wartime gold trade, and the actions of German companies abroad toward the end of the Nazi regime. Initiated by the Federal Economic Administration, Safehaven was soon integrated with U.S. plans, advocated by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, to avert future German aggression. These proposals quickly fell out of favor, but the Morgenthau Plan's suggestion to use all German assets as reparations remained attractive. In this first detailed historical study of Safehaven in English, Martin Lorenz-Meyer focuses on policies of the Allies, revealing their disagreements about the program and addressing the historical roots of a problem that over decades the Cold War had successfully buried. Lorenz-Meyer shows how American administrative agencies were constantly at odds regarding Safehaven's administration and how coordination of the program was further complicated by different assumptions held by the United States and Britain regarding its aims. Using Sweden as an example, he offers an investigation of the effects of Safehaven in the neutral countries, drawing comparisons with experiences of the program in Switzerland. His research discloses the sums involved and the neutral countries' positions and also explores the complications posed by international law for any plan to expropriate German assets. Over time, the neutral countries objected to uncompensated confiscations for a war in which they did not participate, and the United States gradually lost interest in infringing on German wealth because Germany was needed as a new ally. Lorenz-Meyer tells how Safehaven suffered from the discontinuation of wartime controls in a renewed climate of free trade. He also contends that the very problem that necessitated the program raised questions regarding the true neutrality of the countries involved. "Safehaven" is a significant addition to the history of Third Reich and international relations, notably concerning American foreign policy. As America continues to face foreign-policy dilemmas regarding trade with enemies and issues of neutrality, "Safehaven" offers an illuminating case history that sheds new light on current affairs.
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Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad

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Martin Lorenz-Meyer, "Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad"
2007 | ISBN-10: 0826217192 | 392 pages | PDF | 2 MB

Safehaven: The Allied Pursuit of Nazi Assets Abroad
As Germany faced inevitable defeat in World War II, the Allies became concerned that the Nazis would attempt to hide their assets in neutral countries – Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal, Spain, and Turkey – in order to revive their cause in later years. To address this danger, the United States, along with Britain and France as reluctant partners, initiated the "Safehaven" program to probe questions of secret foreign bank accounts, the German wartime gold trade, and the actions of German companies abroad toward the end of the Nazi regime. Initiated by the Federal Economic Administration, Safehaven was soon integrated with U.S. plans, advocated by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, to avert future German aggression. These proposals quickly fell out of favor, but the Morgenthau Plan's suggestion to use all German assets as reparations remained attractive. In this first detailed historical study of Safehaven in English, Martin Lorenz-Meyer focuses on policies of the Allies, revealing their disagreements about the program and addressing the historical roots of a problem that over decades the Cold War had successfully buried. Lorenz-Meyer shows how American administrative agencies were constantly at odds regarding Safehaven's administration and how coordination of the program was further complicated by different assumptions held by the United States and Britain regarding its aims. Using Sweden as an example, he offers an investigation of the effects of Safehaven in the neutral countries, drawing comparisons with experiences of the program in Switzerland. His research discloses the sums involved and the neutral countries' positions and also explores the complications posed by international law for any plan to expropriate German assets. Over time, the neutral countries objected to uncompensated confiscations for a war in which they did not participate, and the United States gradually lost interest in infringing on German wealth because Germany was needed as a new ally. Lorenz-Meyer tells how Safehaven suffered from the discontinuation of wartime controls in a renewed climate of free trade. He also contends that the very problem that necessitated the program raised questions regarding the true neutrality of the countries involved. "Safehaven" is a significant addition to the history of Third Reich and international relations, notably concerning American foreign policy. As America continues to face foreign-policy dilemmas regarding trade with enemies and issues of neutrality, "Safehaven" offers an illuminating case history that sheds new light on current affairs.
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Joan Mitchell: Lady Painter

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Joan Mitchell: Lady Painter by Patricia Albers
English | 2011 | ISBN: 0375414371 | 544 pages | EPUB | 14 MB

Joan Mitchell: Lady Painter
"Gee, Joan, if only you were French and male and dead." -New York art dealer to Joan Mitchell, the 1950s

She was a steel heiress from the Midwest-Chicago and Lake Forest (her grandfather built Chicago's bridges and worked for Andrew Carnegie). She was a daughter of the American Revolution-Anglo-Saxon, Republican, Episcopalian.

She was tough, disciplined, courageous, dazzling, and went up against the masculine art world at its most entrenched, made her way in it, and disproved their notion that women couldn't paint.

Joan Mitchell is the first full-scale biography of the abstract expressionist painter who came of age in the 1950s, '60s, and '70s; a portrait of an outrageous artist and her struggling artist world, painters making their way in the second part of America's twentieth century.

As a young girl she was a champion figure skater, and though she lacked balance and coordination, accomplished one athletic triumph after another, until giving up competitive skating to become a painter.

Mitchell saw people and things in color; color and emotion were the same to her. She said, "I use the past to make my pic[tures] and I want all of it and even you and me in candlelight on the train and every lover' I've ever had-every friend-nothing closed out. It's all part of me and I want to confront it and sleep with it-the dreams-and paint it."

Her work had an unerring sense of formal rectitude, daring, and discipline, as well as delicacy, grace, and awkwardness.

Mitchell exuded a young, smoky, tough glamour and was thought of as "sexy as hell."

Albers writes about how Mitchell married her girlhood pal, Barnet Rosset, Jr.-scion of a financier who was head of Chicago's Metropolitan Trust and partner of Jimmy Roosevelt. Rosset went on to buy Grove Press in 1951, at Mitchell's urging, and to publish Henry Miller, Samuel Beckett, Jean Genet, Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, et al., making Grove into the great avant-garde publishing house of its time.

Mitchell's life was messy and reckless: in New York and East Hampton carousing with de Kooning, Frank O'Hara, James Schuyler, Jane Freilicher, Franz Kline, Helen Frankenthaler, and others; going to clambakes, cocktail parties, softball games-and living an entirely different existence in Paris and Vétheuil.

Mitchell's inner life embraced a world beyond her own craft, especially literature . . . her compositions were informed by imagined landscapes or feelings about places.

In Joan Mitchell, Patricia Albers brilliantly reconstructs the painter's large and impassioned life: her growing prominence as an artist; her marriage and affairs; her friendships with poets and painters; her extraordinary work.

Joan Mitchell re-creates the times, the people, and her worlds from the 1920s through the 1990s and brings it all spectacularly to life.
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Distributed Coordination of Multi-agent Networks: Emergent Problems, Models, and Issues

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Distributed Coordination of Multi-agent Networks: Emergent Problems, Models, and Issues
by Wei Ren, Yongcan Cao
English | 2010 | ISBN: 0857291688 | 328 pages | PDF | 4.84 MB

Distributed Coordination of Multi-agent Networks: Emergent Problems, Models, and Issues
"Distributed Coordination of Multi-agent Networks introduces problems, models, and issues such as collective periodic motion coordination, collective tracking with a dynamic leader, and containment control with multiple leaders, and explores ideas for their solution."
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Distributed Coordination of Multi-agent Networks: Emergent Problems, Models, and Issues

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Distributed Coordination of Multi-agent Networks: Emergent Problems, Models, and Issues
by Wei Ren, Yongcan Cao
English | 2010 | ISBN: 0857291688 | 328 pages | PDF | 4.84 MB

Distributed Coordination of Multi-agent Networks: Emergent Problems, Models, and Issues
"Distributed Coordination of Multi-agent Networks introduces problems, models, and issues such as collective periodic motion coordination, collective tracking with a dynamic leader, and containment control with multiple leaders, and explores ideas for their solution."
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Market engineering: a structured design process for electronic markets

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Dirk Georg Neumann, "Market engineering: a structured design process for electronic markets"
2010 | pages: 298 | ISBN: 3866440650 | PDF | 2,8 mb

Market engineering: a structured design process for electronic markets
Electronic markets are increasingly gaining importance in the coordination of goods, services and financial payments. This trend is still ongoing, though not as visible as it was during the Internet hype. Markets that heavily rely on the use of electronic media are widespread ranging from one-shot allocation UMTS licenses, over tofrequent inter-organizational coordination activities in supply networks, tothe multi-billion dollar business of stock exchanges. All those electronic markets inherently need a deliberate design process. For any electronic market it is essential to define the rules of the game, specifying the transaction possibilities of the market participants, and to implement them in software. Market Engineering is designated to provid-ing a structured approach on matching demand and supply against each other, executing the resulting transactions and finally supporting the technical implementation of real world sys-tems.
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