Tag Archives: crystals

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai

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"Advances in Crystallization Processes" ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535105817 9789535105817 | 659 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book provides the latest research developments in many aspects of crystallization including: chiral crystallization, crystallization of nanomaterials and the crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials. This book is of interest to both fundamental research and also to practicing scientists and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in the process industries as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia.

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. In recent years, a number of new applications have also come to rely on crystallization processes such as the crystallization of nano and amorphous materials.

Contents
Section 1 Chiral crystallization
1 Separation of the Mixtures of Chiral Compounds by Crystallization
2 Crystallization on Self Assembled Monolayers
3 Asymmetric Reaction Using Molecular Chirality Controlled by Spontaneous Crystallization
Section 2 Crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials
4 Preparation of Na+ Superionic Conductors by Crystallization of Glass
5 Crystallization Kinetics of Metallic Glasses
6 Crystallization Kinetics of Amorphous Materials
7 Thermodynamics of Enthalpy Relaxation and Hole Formation of Polymer Glasses
8 Crystallization Behavior and Control of Amorphous Alloys
Section 3 Crystallization of nanomaterials
9 Influence of Crystallization on the Properties of Sn02 Thin Films
10 Crystallization of Sub-Micrometer Sized ZSM-5 Zeolites in SDA-Free Systems
11 The Growth of Chalcedony (Nanocrystalline Silica) in Electric Organs from Living Marine Fish
12 Synthesis and Characterization of Crystalline Zirconium Titanate Obtained by Sol-Gel
13 Characterization of Sol-Gel-Derived and Crystallized ??2, Zr02, Zr02-Y203 Thin Films on Si(001) Wafers with High Dielectric Constant
14 Crystalization in Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles
Section 4 Bulk Crystallization from Aqueous Solutions
15 Separation of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate Crystal from Dissolver Solution of Irradiated Fast Neutron Reactor Fuel
16 Stable and Metastable Phase Equilibria in the Salt-Water Systems
17 'Salt Weathering' Distress on Concrete by Sulfates?
18 Crystallization, Alternation and Recrystallization of Sulphates
Section 5 General issues in crystallization
19 Synthetic Methods for Perovskite Materials – Structure and Morphology
20 Phase Behavior and Crystal Structure of Binary Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Mixtures
21 Structure of Pure Aluminum After Endogenous and Exogenous Inoculation
22 Phosphoramidates: Molecular Packing and Hydrogen Bond Strength in Compounds Having a P(0)(N)n(0)3-n (n = 1, 2, 3) Skeleton
23 Synthesis and X-Ray Crystal Structure of a-Keggin-Type Aluminum-Substituted Polyoxotungstate
24 The Diffusion Model of Grown-ln Microdefects Formation During Crystallization of Dislocation-Free Silicon Single Crystals
25 Preparation of Carvedilol Spherical Crystals Having Solid Dispersion Structure by the Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method and Evaluation of Its in vitro Characteristics
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“Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth” ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira

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"Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth" ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira
InTeOpP | 2013 | ISBN: 9535110101 9789535110101 | 432 pages | PDF | 41 MB
The objective of this book is not to cover all areas of crystal growth but just present, as specified in the title, important selected topics, as applied to organic and inorganic systems. All authors have been selected for being key researchers in their field of specialization, working in important universities and research labs around the world. This book is mostly recommended for students working in the field of crystal growth and for scientists and engineers in the fields of crystalline materials, crystal engineering and the industrial applications of crystallization processes.

“Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth” ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira
Crystal growth is the key step of a great number of very important applications. The development of new devices and products, from the traditional microelectronic industry to pharmaceutical industry and many others, depends on crystallization processes.
The first section is mainly devoted to biological systems and covers topics like proteins, bone and ice crystallization.
The second section brings some applications to inorganic systems and describes more general growth techniques like chemical vapor crystallization and electrodeposition.

Contents
Preface
Section 1 Biological and Other Organic Systems
1 Proteins and Their Ligands: Their Importance and Howto Crystallize Them
2 Purification of Erythromycin by Antisolvent Crystallization orAzeotropic Evaporative Crystallization
3 Crystal Growth of Inorganic and Biomediated Carbonates and Phosphates
4 Direction Controlled Growth of Organic Single Crystals by Novel Growth Methods
5 Characterizations of Functions of Biological Materials Having Controlling-Ability Against Ice Crystal Growth
6 The Mineralization of Bone and Its Analogies with Other Hard Tissues
7 Modeling Ice Crystal Formation of Water in Biological System
8 Crystallization: From the Conformerto the Crystal
Section 2 Inorganic Systems
9 Chemical Vapor Transport Reactions-Methods, Materials, Modeling
10 Growth and Development of Sapphire Crystal for LED Applications
11 Crystal Growth by Electrodeposition with Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Emulsion
12 Inorganic Nanostructures Decorated Graphene
13 Metal Chalcogenides Tetrahedral Molecular Clusters: Crystal Engineering and Properties
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Nonlinear Optical Crystals: A Complete Survey

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Nonlinear Optical Crystals: A Complete Survey
English | Physics, Optics | 9. February 2005 | ISBN-10: 0387220224 | 428 pages | pdf | 3 mb
Nonlinear Optical Crystals contains the most complete and up-to-date reference material on properties of nonlinear optical crystals including:
Traditional and specific applications

Nonlinear Optical Crystals: A Complete Survey
The mathematical formulas necessary for the calculation of the frequency conversion process

A survey of 63 nonlinear optical crystals containing more than 1500 different references with full titles

Recent applications of common and novel nonlinear materials, including quasi-phase matching

Special consideration for periodically-poled and self-frequency-doubling materials

Significant amount of crystallophysical, thermophysical, spectroscopic, electro-optic and magneto-optic information
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Nonlinear Waves in Elastic Crystals

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Nonlinear Waves in Elastic Crystals
English | Physics, Mathematics | January 2000 | ISBN-10: 0198534841 | 320 pages | Djvu | 3.2 mb
The mathematical modelling of changing structures in materials is of increasing importance to industry where applications of the theory are found in subjects as diverse as aerospace and medicine.

Nonlinear Waves in Elastic Crystals
This book deals with aspects of the nonlinear dynamics of deformable ordered solids (known as elastic crystals) where the nonlinear effects combine or compete with each other. Physical and mathematical models are discused and computational aspects are also included. Different models are considered – on discrete as well as continuum scales – applying heat, electricity, or magnetism to the crystal structure and these are analysed using the equations of rational mechanics. In this way the student is introduced to the important equations of nonlinear science that describe shock waves, solitons and chaos and also the non-exactly integrable systems or partial differential equations. A large number of problems and examples are included, many taken from recent research and involving both one-dimensional and two-dimensional problems as well as some coupled degress of freedom.
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Polarised Light

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Polarised Light
English | Physics, Optics | 13. February 2001 | ISBN-10: 0750306734 | 122 pages | pdf | 0.6 mb
We humans cannot see when light is polarized and this leads to unfortunate misapprehensions about this aspect of nature. Even scientists who should know better often assume that it is an obscure topic of specialized interest in only a few rather isolated areas.

Polarised Light
In fact, it is a universal feature of our world and most natural light is at least partially polarized. In the animal kingdom, insects and other animals exploit such natural polarization in some fascinating ways since they do not share this human deficiency and can both detect and analyze polarization. It may be our unfamiliarity with this aspect of light that also makes people think it is a difficult subject, yet the basis is extremely simple. When these misconceptions are overcome, the phenomena associated with polarization are found to be important throughout science and technology, from physics, astronomy, natural history, geology, chemistry, and several branches of engineering to crafts such as glass-blowing and jewelry. Polarized light also involves some very beautiful effects, most of which are easy to demonstrate. Enriching our perception of the world, this book addresses these misconceptions and provides a framework for applications. It covers wave alignment and crystals as well as various phenomena such as scattering and reflection.
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The Crystal Legacy (Neuyokkasinian Arc of Empire Book 2)

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The Crystal Legacy (Neuyokkasinian Arc of Empire Book 2) – C. Craig Coleman
English | November 19, 2014 | ASIN: B00PWGW8XE | 405 pages | EPUB | 0.4 MB
For Prince Saxthor, his loyal friend Bodrin, and their mentor, wizard Tournak, the time is right to return from exile. Wizard Memlatec, warns them it's still too dangerous to return home.

The Crystal Legacy (Neuyokkasinian Arc of Empire Book 2)
First, he explains, they must undertake an even more perilous journey to retrieve the hidden power crystals and restore the mystical Crown of Yensupov. Putting aside his desire to see his family once again, Saxthor takes on the new quest for the sake of his kingdom. His companions insist on coming along to protect him.

The journey is fraught with hazards. They must travel a long exposed way undetected, under the very eyes of the Dark Lord of Dreaddrac. What new challenges will they encounter? Will all they meet wish them well or attempt to destroy them? Witch Earwig too, discovers they are back and vulnerable. Her madness intensifies, as does her determination to destroy the royal family. Will she succeed or will her rage continue to trip her up?
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Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI

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Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI by Golla Eranna
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1482232812 | 430 pages | PDF | 15 MB

Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI
Silicon, as a single-crystal semiconductor, has sparked a revolution in the field of electronics and touched nearly every field of science and technology. Though available abundantly as silica and in various other forms in nature, silicon is difficult to separate from its chemical compounds because of its reactivity. As a solid, silicon is chemically inert and stable, but growing it as a single crystal creates many technological challenges.
is one of the first books to cover the systematic growth of silicon single crystals and the complete evaluation of silicon, from sand to useful wafers for device fabrication. Written for engineers and researchers working in semiconductor fabrication industries, this practical text:
* Describes different techniques used to grow silicon single crystals
* Explains how grown single-crystal ingots become a complete silicon wafer for integrated-circuit fabrication
* Reviews different methods to evaluate silicon wafers to determine suitability for device applications
* Analyzes silicon wafers in terms of resistivity and impurity concentration mapping
* Examines the effect of intentional and unintentional impurities
* Explores the defects found in regular silicon-crystal lattice
* Discusses silicon wafer preparation for VLSI and ULSI processing
is an essential reference for different approaches to the selection of the basic silicon-containing compound, separation of silicon as metallurgical-grade pure silicon, subsequent purification, single-crystal growth, and defects and evaluation of the deviations within the grown crystals.
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The Theory of Intermolecular Forces, 2nd Edition

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The Theory of Intermolecular Forces, 2nd Edition by Anthony Stone
English | 2013 | ISBN: 0199672393 | ISBN-13: 9780199672394 | 352 pages | PDF | 2,6 MB
The theory of intermolecular forces has advanced very greatly in recent years. It has become possible to carry out accurate calculations of intermolecular forces for molecules of useful size, and to apply the results to important practical applications such as understanding protein structure and function, and predicting the structures of molecular crystals.

The Theory of Intermolecular Forces, 2nd Edition
The Theory of Intermolecular Forces sets out the mathematical techniques that are needed to describe and calculate intermolecular interactions and to handle the more elaborate mathematical models. It describes the methods that are used to calculate them, including recent developments in the use of density functional theory and symmetry-adapted perturbation theory. The use of higher-rank multipole moments to describe electrostatic interactions is explained in both Cartesian and spherical tensor formalism, and methods that avoid the multipole expansion are also discussed. Modern ab initio perturbation theory methods for the calculation of intermolecular interactions are discussed in detail, and methods for calculating properties of molecular clusters and condensed matter for comparison with experiment are surveyed.
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Gathering Darkness by Morgan Rhodes (Audiobook)

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Gathering Darkness by Morgan Rhodes
Penguin Audio | English | 2014 | ASIN: B00PZ2ZRIS | 12 hrs and 16 mins | MP3 @ 64 Kbps | 335 MB

Gathering Darkness by Morgan Rhodes (Audiobook)
Prince Magnus has just witnessed torture, death, and miracles during the bloody confrontation that decimated the rebel forces. Now he must choose between family and justice as his father, the cruel King Gaius, sets out to conquer all of Mytica. All Gaius needs now are the Kindred – the four elemental crystals that give godlike powers to their owner. But the King of Blood is not the only one hunting for this ancient, storied magic…

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