Tag Archives: expulsion

Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment

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Natasha Gill, "Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment"
English | 2010 | ISBN-10: 0754662896 | 304 pages | PDF | 4 MB

Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment
Though Emile is still considered the central pedagogical text of the French Enlightenment, a myriad of lesser-known thinkers paved the way for Rousseau's masterpiece. Natasha Gill traces the arc of these thinkers as they sought to reveal the correlation between early childhood experiences and the success or failure of social and political relations, and set the terms for the modern debate about the influence of nature and nurture in individual growth and collective life. Gill offers a comprehensive analysis of the rich cross-fertilization between educational and philosophical thought in the French Enlightenment. She begins by showing how in Some Thoughts Concerning Education John Locke set the stage for the French debate by transposing key themes from his philosophy into an educational context. Her treatment of the abbe Claude Fleury, the rector of the University of Paris Charles Rollin, and Swiss educator Jean-Pierre de Crousaz illustrates the extent to which early Enlightenment theorists reevaluated childhood and learning methods on the basis of sensationist psychology. Etienne-Gabriel Morelly, usually studied as a marginal thinker in the history of utopian thought, is here revealed as the most important precursor to Rousseau, and the first theorist to claim education as the vehicle through which individual liberation, social harmony and political unity could be achieved. Gill concludes with an analysis of the educational-philosophical dispute between Helvetius and Rousseau, and traces the influence of pedagogical theory on the political debate surrounding the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1762.

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Trotsky in Norway: Exile, 1935-1937

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Trotsky in Norway: Exile, 1935-1937 (Russian Studies) by Oddvar K. Hoidal
2013 | ISBN: 0875804748 | English | 430 pages | PDF | 5 MB

Trotsky in Norway: Exile, 1935-1937
From the moment of Lev Trotsky’s sensational and unannounced arrival in Oslo harbor in June 1935 he became the center of controversy. Although it was to be the shortest of his four exiles, this period of his life was a significant one. From Norway he increased his effort to create a Fourth International, encouraging his international followers to challenge Stalin’s dominance over world communism. In Norway Trotsky wrote his last major book, The Revolution Betrayed, in which he presented himself as the true heir to the Bolshevik Revolution, maintaining that Stalin had violated the Revolution’s ideals. His efforts to threaten Stalin from outside of Russia created international repercussions.

At first, Trotsky lived peacefully, without a guard and enjoying more freedom in Norway than he experienced in any other country following his expulsion from the U.S.S.R. Then, at the first Moscow show trial of August 1936 he was accused of being an international terrorist who organized conspiracies from abroad with the intention of murdering Russian leaders and destroying the Soviet state. Wishing to maintain good relations with its powerful neighbor, the Norwegian cabinet placed Trotsky under house arrest. Internment soon followed. He became the subject of political dispute between the socialist Labor Party government that had granted him asylum and opposition parties from the extreme right to the extreme left. In the national election of October 1936 the issue appeared to threaten the very existence of Norway’s first permanent socialist administration. After the election, the Labor government was determined to expel him. No European country would allow him entry, and when Mexico proved willing to offer a final refuge, Trotsky was involuntarily dispatched under police guard to Tampico on board a Norwegian ship.

Trotsky in Norwaypresents a fascinating account—the first complete study in English—of Trotsky's asylum in Norway and his deportation to Mexico. Although numerous biographies of Trotsky have been published, their coverage of his Norwegian sojourn has been inadequate, and in some cases erroneous. A revised and updated edition of Høidal’s highly regarded Norwegian study, published in 2009, this book incorporates information that has since become available. In highly readable prose,Høidal presents new biographical details about a significant period in Trotsky’s life and sheds light on an important chapter in the history of international socialism and communism.
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Die Fotoschule in Bildern. Portrtfotografie, 2 Auflage

Kathy Hennig, Lars Ihring, "Die Fotoschule in Bildern. Portrtfotografie, 2 Auflage"
2013 | ISBN-10: 3836225816 | 300 pages | PDF | 26,8 MB
Portrtfotografie – Mit diesem Buch gelingt Ihnen der Einstieg in dieses vielseitige und spannende Genre! Ob es um klassische, Fashion- oder Charakterportrts geht, um Modelle in Bewegung, um Paare und Gruppen oder um Kinderportrts: Sie lernen anhand durchweg gelungener Aufnahmen, wie Sie Menschen kreativ und erfolgreich ins rechte Licht setzen. Die Autoren lassen Sie hinter die Kulissen blicken, erklren jeweils ihre Gestaltungsidee, gehen auf die praktische Aufnahmesituation ein und verraten konkrete Angaben zu Aufnahme- und Lichtsituation. Bild fr Bild lernen Sie so alle wichtigen Aspekte der Portrtfotografie kennen. Und wenn Sie kein Anfnger sind? Dann lassen Sie sich von den Ideen, Methoden und den hervorragenden Bildern dreier Fotografen fr Ihre eigenen Portrts inspirieren!

Aus dem Inhalt:

Portrts, Portrts, Portrts
Klassisch: Zeitlos vorteilhaft
Spontan: Authentisch und gut
Charakter: Mit Persnlichkeit
Beauty: Strahlende Schnheit
Requisiten: Tuch, Auto und mehr
Paare und Gruppen: Alles mal
Kinder: Mit Geduld und Geschick
Serien: Konzeptionell arbeiten
Action: Dynamische Portrts
Erotisch: Emotion und Nhe
Rund um das Shooting
Die Gestaltungsidee
Modellfhrung und Posing
Lichtsetzung und Aufnahmedaten
Tipps, Anregungen und Inspiration
Grundlagenexkurse
Lichtformer und ihre Wirkung
Bilder lesen lernen
Bildideen entwickeln
Kommunikation mit dem Modell
u. v. m.

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My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel

Ari Shavit, "My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel"
ISBN: 0385521707 | 2013 | EPUB | 464 pages | 5 MB
WINNER OF THE NATAN BOOK AWARD

An authoritative and deeply personal narrative history of the State of Israel, by one of the most influential journalists writing about the Middle East today

Not since Thomas L. Friedman’s groundbreaking From Beirut to Jerusalem has a book captured the essence and the beating heart of the Middle East as keenly and dynamically as My Promised Land. Facing unprecedented internal and external pressures, Israel today is at a moment of existential crisis. Ari Shavit draws on interviews, historical documents, private diaries, and letters, as well as his own family’s story, illuminating the pivotal moments of the Zionist century to tell a riveting narrative that is larger than the sum of its parts: both personal and national, both deeply human and of profound historical dimension.

We meet Shavit’s great-grandfather, a British Zionist who in 1897 visited the Holy Land on a Thomas Cook tour and understood that it was the way of the future for his people; the idealist young farmer who bought land from his Arab neighbor in the 1920s to grow the Jaffa oranges that would create Palestine’s booming economy; the visionary youth group leader who, in the 1940s, transformed Masada from the neglected ruins of an extremist sect into a powerful symbol for Zionism; the Palestinian who as a young man in 1948 was driven with his family from his home during the expulsion from Lydda; the immigrant orphans of Europe’s Holocaust, who took on menial work and focused on raising their children to become the leaders of the new state; the pragmatic engineer who was instrumental in developing Israel’s nuclear program in the 1960s, in the only interview he ever gave; the zealous religious Zionists who started the settler movement in the 1970s; the dot-com entrepreneurs and young men and women behind Tel-Aviv’s booming club scene; and today’s architects of Israel’s foreign policy with Iran, whose nuclear threat looms ominously over the tiny country.

As it examines the complexities and contradictions of the Israeli condition, My Promised Land asks difficult but important questions: Why did Israel come to be? How did it come to be? Can Israel survive? Culminating with an analysis of the issues and threats that Israel is currently facing, My Promised Land uses the defining events of the past to shed new light on the present. The result is a landmark portrait of a small, vibrant country living on the edge, whose identity and presence play a crucial role in today’s global political landscape.

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