Tag Archives: Formal

Physical Approaches to Biological Evolution

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Mikhail V. Volkenstein, "Physical Approaches to Biological Evolution"
1994 | pages: 402 | ISBN: 3642787908 | DJVU | 4,5 mb

Physical Approaches to Biological Evolution
"Mr. Wolkenstein's , whether or not it proves to give the ultimate truth on the matters with which it deals, certainly deserves, by its breadth and scope and profundity, to be considered an impor­ tant event in the philosophical world." This is a quotation from an introduction written by Bertrand Russell for Ludwig Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. I exchanged only name and subject. As for the rest, I could continue quoting Russell, but I would rather say something myself. As Wittgenstein did with formal logic, Wolkenstein rectifies our views on how to approach the logic of life from a formal theoretical basis. Many bio­ logists do not believe that their subject lends itself to the scrutiny of physical theory. They certainly admit that one can simulate biological phenomena by models that can be expressed in a mathematical form. However, they do not believe that biology can be given a theoretical foundation that is defined within the general framework of physics. Rather, they insist on a holistic approach, banning any reduction to fundamental principles subject to physical theory.
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Physical Approaches to Biological Evolution

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Mikhail V. Volkenstein, "Physical Approaches to Biological Evolution"
1994 | pages: 402 | ISBN: 3642787908 | DJVU | 4,5 mb

Physical Approaches to Biological Evolution
"Mr. Wolkenstein's , whether or not it proves to give the ultimate truth on the matters with which it deals, certainly deserves, by its breadth and scope and profundity, to be considered an impor­ tant event in the philosophical world." This is a quotation from an introduction written by Bertrand Russell for Ludwig Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. I exchanged only name and subject. As for the rest, I could continue quoting Russell, but I would rather say something myself. As Wittgenstein did with formal logic, Wolkenstein rectifies our views on how to approach the logic of life from a formal theoretical basis. Many bio­ logists do not believe that their subject lends itself to the scrutiny of physical theory. They certainly admit that one can simulate biological phenomena by models that can be expressed in a mathematical form. However, they do not believe that biology can be given a theoretical foundation that is defined within the general framework of physics. Rather, they insist on a holistic approach, banning any reduction to fundamental principles subject to physical theory.
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Renaissance Art: A Very Short Introduction

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Renaissance Art: A Very Short Introduction by Geraldine A. Johnson
English | 2005-07-28 | ISBN: 0192803549 | PDF | 158 pages | 4,7 MB

Renaissance Art: A Very Short Introduction
Artists like Botticelli, Holbein, Leonardo, Durer, and Michelangelo and works such as the Last Supper fresco and the monumental marble statue of David, are familiar symbols of the Renaissance. But who were these artists, why did they produce such memorable images, and how would their original beholders have viewed these objects? Was the Renaissance only about great masters and masterpieces, or were women artists and patrons also involved? And what about the "minor" pieces that Renaissance men and women would have encountered in homes, churches and civic spaces? This Very Short Introduction answers such questions by considering both famous and lesser-known artists, patrons, and works of art within the cultural and historical context of Renaissance Europe. The volume provides a broad cultural and historical context for some of the Renaissance's most famous artists and works of art. It also explores forgotten aspects of Renaissance art, such as objects made for the home and women as artists and patrons. Considering Renaissance art produced in both Northern and Southern Europe, rather than focusing on just one region, the book introduces readers to a variety of approaches to the study of Renaissance art, from social history to formal analysis.
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Investment Banking Focus Notes, 2nd Edition (PDF)

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Investment Banking Focus Notes by Joshua Rosenbaum, Joshua Pearl
2013 | ISBN: 1118586085 | English | 320 pages | PDF | 6 MB
Investment Banking FOCUS NOTES provides a comprehensive, yet streamlined, review of the basic skills and concepts discussed in Investment Banking: Valuation, Leveraged Buyouts, and Mergers & Acquisitions, Second Edition . The focus notes are designed for use both as a companion to the book, as well as on a standalone basis. Investment Banking focuses on the primary valuation methodologies currently used on Wall Street–namely, comparable companies analysis, precedent transactions analysis, DCF analysis, and LBO analysis–as well as detailed M&A analysis from both a sell-side and buy-side perspective.

Investment Banking Focus Notes, 2nd Edition (PDF)
Our focus notes seek to help solidify knowledge of these core financial topics as true mastery must be tested, honed, and retested over time. We envision the focus notes being used as a self-help tool for students, job seekers, and existing finance professionals, as well as in formal classroom and training settings.

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Investment Banking Focus Notes, 2nd Edition (PDF)

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Investment Banking Focus Notes by Joshua Rosenbaum, Joshua Pearl
2013 | ISBN: 1118586085 | English | 320 pages | PDF | 6 MB
Investment Banking FOCUS NOTES provides a comprehensive, yet streamlined, review of the basic skills and concepts discussed in Investment Banking: Valuation, Leveraged Buyouts, and Mergers & Acquisitions, Second Edition . The focus notes are designed for use both as a companion to the book, as well as on a standalone basis. Investment Banking focuses on the primary valuation methodologies currently used on Wall Street–namely, comparable companies analysis, precedent transactions analysis, DCF analysis, and LBO analysis–as well as detailed M&A analysis from both a sell-side and buy-side perspective.

Investment Banking Focus Notes, 2nd Edition (PDF)
Our focus notes seek to help solidify knowledge of these core financial topics as true mastery must be tested, honed, and retested over time. We envision the focus notes being used as a self-help tool for students, job seekers, and existing finance professionals, as well as in formal classroom and training settings.

*not retail, but good quality!
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Spanish Word Formation and Lexical Creation (IVITRA Research in Linguistics and Literature, volume 1)

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Spanish Word Formation and Lexical Creation (IVITRA Research in Linguistics and Literature) by José Luis Cifuentes, Susana Rodríguez Rosique
2011 | ISBN: 9027240078 | English | 502 pages | PDF | 2 MB

Spanish Word Formation and Lexical Creation (IVITRA Research in Linguistics and Literature, volume 1)
This volume contributes a wider approach to word formation processes and sheds light on some unsolved issues. While the formal relationships established between the different constituents of a complex word have been analyzed in great depth, the semantic links have received little dedication. In order to complete the analysis, it is necessary to pay attention to the semantic properties associated to verbalization. The main purpose of the book is to integrate both the semantic proposals and the formal perspectives concerning word formation. This theoretical aim becomes the framework to study several mechanisms of lexical creation and neologisms. Furthermore, word formation is presented as a new source for Applied Linguistics. Although the volume uses Spanish as a starting point, it means to delimit formation patterns which may also be productive in other languages. This book is sure to become an important reference in the controversial field of word formation.
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The Crisis Counseling and Traumatic Events Treatment Planner, with DSM-5 Updates, 2nd Edition

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The Crisis Counseling and Traumatic Events Treatment Planner, with DSM-5 Updates, 2nd Edition by Tammi D. Kolski and Arthur E. Jongsma Jr.
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1119063159 | 304 pages | PDF | 1,6 MB

The Crisis Counseling and Traumatic Events Treatment Planner, with DSM-5 Updates, 2nd Edition
This timesaving resource features: Treatment plan components for 31 behaviorally based presenting problems; over 1,000 prewritten treatment goals, objectives, and interventions plus space to record your own treatment plan options; a step-by-step guide to writing treatment plans that meet the requirements of most accrediting bodies, insurance companies, and third-party payors. It includes new Evidence-Based Practice Interventions as required by many public funding sources and private insurers, and, PracticePlanners[registered]. This is the bestselling treatment planning system for mental health professionals. The Severe and Persistent Mental Illness Treatment Planner, Second Edition provides all the elements necessary to quickly and easily develop formal treatment plans that satisfy the demands of HMOs, managed care companies, third-party payors, and state and federal agencies. New edition features empirically supported, evidence-based treatment interventions. Organized around 31 main presenting problems, including employment problems, family conflicts, financial needs, homelessness, intimate relationship conflicts, and social anxiety. It features over 1,000 prewritten treatment goals, objectives, and interventions plus space to record your own treatment plan options. It presents an easy-to-use reference format helps locate treatment plan components by behavioral problem. It is designed to correspond with The Severe and Persistent Mental Illness Progress Notes Planner, Second Edition. It includes a sample treatment plan that conforms to the requirements of most third-party payors and accrediting agencies (including CARF, The Joint Commission, COA, and NCQA). Additional resources in the PracticePlanners[registered] series: Progress Notes Planners contain complete, prewritten progress notes for each presenting problem in the companion Treatment Planners. Documentation Sourcebooks provide the forms and records that mental health professionals need to efficiently run their practice.
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Palaces and Power in the Americas: From Peru to the Northwest Coast

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Jessica Joyce Christie, Patricia Joan Sarro, "Palaces and Power in the Americas: From Peru to the Northwest Coast"
2006 | ISBN-10: 0292709846, 029272599X | 432 pages | PDF | 16 MB

Palaces and Power in the Americas: From Peru to the Northwest Coast
Ancient American palaces still captivate those who stand before them. Even in their fallen and ruined condition, the palaces project such power that, according to the editors of this new collection, it must have been deliberately drawn into their formal designs, spatial layouts, and choice of locations. Such messages separated palaces from other elite architecture and reinforced the power and privilege of those residing in them. Indeed, as Christie and Sarro write, "the relation between political power and architecture is a pervasive and intriguing theme in the Americas." Given the variety of cultures, time periods, and geographical locations examined within, the editors of this book have grouped the articles into four sections.The first looks at palaces in cultures where they have not previously been identified, including the Huaca of Moche Site, the Wari of Peru, and Chaco Canyon in the U.S. Southwest. The second section discusses palaces as "stage sets" that express power, such as those found among the Maya, among the Coast Salish of the Pacific Northwest, and at El Tajin on the Mexican Gulf Coast. The third part of the volume presents cases in which differences in elite residences imply differences in social status, with examples from Pasado de la Amada, the Valley of Oaxaca, Teotihuacan, and the Aztecs. The final section compares architectural strategies between cultures; the models here are Farfan, Peru, under both the Chimu and the Inka, and the separate states of the Maya and the Inka. Such scope, and the quality of the scholarship, make "Palaces and Power in the Americas" a must-have work on the subject.
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