Tag Archives: French

Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment

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Natasha Gill, "Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment"
English | 2010 | ISBN-10: 0754662896 | 304 pages | PDF | 4 MB

Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment
Though Emile is still considered the central pedagogical text of the French Enlightenment, a myriad of lesser-known thinkers paved the way for Rousseau's masterpiece. Natasha Gill traces the arc of these thinkers as they sought to reveal the correlation between early childhood experiences and the success or failure of social and political relations, and set the terms for the modern debate about the influence of nature and nurture in individual growth and collective life. Gill offers a comprehensive analysis of the rich cross-fertilization between educational and philosophical thought in the French Enlightenment. She begins by showing how in Some Thoughts Concerning Education John Locke set the stage for the French debate by transposing key themes from his philosophy into an educational context. Her treatment of the abbe Claude Fleury, the rector of the University of Paris Charles Rollin, and Swiss educator Jean-Pierre de Crousaz illustrates the extent to which early Enlightenment theorists reevaluated childhood and learning methods on the basis of sensationist psychology. Etienne-Gabriel Morelly, usually studied as a marginal thinker in the history of utopian thought, is here revealed as the most important precursor to Rousseau, and the first theorist to claim education as the vehicle through which individual liberation, social harmony and political unity could be achieved. Gill concludes with an analysis of the educational-philosophical dispute between Helvetius and Rousseau, and traces the influence of pedagogical theory on the political debate surrounding the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1762.

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Les Petits Macarons: Colorful French Confections to Make at Home

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Les Petits Macarons: Colorful French Confections to Make at Home by Kathryn Gordon
English | Oct 4, 2011 | ISBN: 0762442581 | 270 Pages | PDF | 27 MB
Macarons, the stuff of bakers' candy-coated dreams, have taken the world by storm and are demystified here for the home baker, With dozens of flavor combinations, recipes are structured with three basic shell methods-French, Swiss, and Italian-plus one never-before-seen Easiest French Macaron Method. Pick one that works for you, and go on to create French-inspired pastry magic with nothing more than a mixer, an oven, and a piping bag.

Les Petits Macarons: Colorful French Confections to Make at Home
Try shells flavored with pistachio, blackberry, coconut, and red velvet, filled with the likes of sesame buttercream, strawberry guava pate de fruit, crunchy dark chocolate ganache, and lemon curd. Or go savory with shells like saffron, parsley, and ancho chile paired with fillings like hummus, foie gras with black currant, and duck confit with port and fig. The options for customization are endless, and the careful, detailed instruction is like a private baking class in your very own kitchen! All recipes have been tested by students and teachers alike and are guaranteed to bring the flavors of France right to your door.
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The Jews of Beirut: The Rise of a Levantine Community, 1860s-1930s

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Tomer Levi, "The Jews of Beirut: The Rise of a Levantine Community, 1860s-1930s"
2012 | ISBN-10: 1433117096 | 230 pages | PDF | 10 MB

The Jews of Beirut: The Rise of a Levantine Community, 1860s-1930s
is the first study to investigate the emergence of an organized and vibrant Jewish community in Beirut in the late Ottoman and French period. Viewed in the context of port city revival, the author explores how and why the Jewish community changed during this time in its social cohesion, organizational structure, and ideological affiliations. Tomer Levi defines the Jewish community as a «Levantine» creation of late-nineteenth-century port city revival, characterized by cultural and social diversity, centralized administration, efficient organization, and a merchant class engaged in commerce and philanthropy. In addition, the author shows how the position of the Jewish community in the unique multi-community structure of Lebanese society affected internal developments within the Jewish community.
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Blood and Violence in Early Modern France

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Stuart Carroll "Blood and Violence in Early Modern France"
Oxford University Press | 2006-07-03 | ISBN: 0199290458 | 384 pages | PDF | 5 MB

Blood and Violence in Early Modern France
The rise of civilized conduct and behaviour has long been seen as one of the major factors in the transformation from medieval to modern society. Thinkers and historians alike argue that violence progressively declined as men learned to control their emotions. The feud is a phenomenon associated with backward societies, and in the West duelling codified behaviour and channelled aggression into ritualised combats that satisfied honour without the shedding of blood. French manners and codes of civility laid the foundations of civilized Western values. But as this original work of archival research shows we continue to romanticize violence in the era of the swashbuckling swordsman. In France, thousands of men died in duels in which the rules of the game were regularly flouted. Many duels were in fact mini-battles and must be seen not as a replacement of the blood feud, but as a continuation of vengeance-taking in a much bloodier form. This book outlines the nature of feuding in France and its intensification in the wake of the Protestant Reformation, civil war and dynastic weakness, and considers the solutions proposed by thinkers from Montaigne to Hobbes. The creation of the largest standing army in Europe since the Romans was one such solution, but the militarization of society, a model adopted throughout Europe, reveals the darker side of the civilizing process.
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Grammaticalization: Current views and issues (Studies in Language Companion Series)

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Grammaticalization: Current views and issues (Studies in Language Companion Series) By Katerina Stathi, Elke Gehweiler, Ekkehard Konig
2010 | 387 Pages | ISBN: 9027205868 | PDF | 3 MB

Grammaticalization: Current views and issues (Studies in Language Companion Series)
This volume contains a selection of papers on grammaticalization from a broad perspective. Some of the papers focus on basic concepts in grammaticalization research such as the concept of 'grammar' as the endpoint of grammaticalization processes, erosion, (uni)directionality, the relation between grammaticalization and constructions, subjectification, and the relation between grammaticalization and analogy. Other papers shed a critical light on grammaticalization as an explanatory parameter in language change. New case studies of micro-processes of grammaticalization complete the selection. The empirical evidence for (and against) grammaticalization comes from diverse domains: subject control, clitics, reciprocal markers, pronouns and agreement markers, gender markers, auxiliaries, aspectual categories, intensifying adjectives and determiners, and pragmatic markers. The languages covered include English and its varieties, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, French, Slavonic languages, and Turkish. The book will be valuable to scholars working on grammaticalization and language change as well as to those interested in individual languages.
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French Wines (Eyewitness Companion Guides)

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French Wines (Eyewitness Companion Guides) by Robert F. Joseph
English | 2005 | ISBN: 0756615208 | 288 pages | PDF | 47 MB

French Wines (Eyewitness Companion Guides)
A handbook on wines and wine-growing regions in France. Each major wine region is mapped and profiled with information on influences such as climate, soil type, aspects and grape variety. For each of the six major regions featured there are specialy devised tours. There is also a cross-reference feature that allows the reader to choose an element from a label and find out more about their chosen bottle. Added to this there is information on how wine is made, tasting, buying, storing and serving.
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Practice Makes Perfect: Complete French Grammar

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Practice Makes Perfect: Complete French Grammar (Practice Makes Perfect Series) by Annie Heminway
English | Oct 9, 2007 | ISBN: 0071482849 | 288 Pages | PDF | 17 MB
Polish your French grammar skills and communicate with more savoir-faire

Practice Makes Perfect: Complete French Grammar
The only way to build your confidence in a second language is to practice, practice, practice. From present tense of regular verbs to direct object pronouns, this comprehensive guide and workbook covers all aspects of French grammar that you need to master.

Focusing on the practical aspects of French as it's really spoken, each unit of Practice Makes Perfect: Complete French Grammar features clear explanations, numerous realistic examples, and dozens of engaging exercises.

Practice Makes Perfect: Complete French Grammar makes mastering grammar easy with:

Clear, down-to-earth, easy-to-follow explanations that make even the most complex principles easy to understand
Example sentences that illustrate and clarify each grammatical point
Dozens of exercises in formats suited to every learning style
Practical and high-frequency vocabulary used throughout
A detailed answer key for quick, easy progress checks
With help from this book, you can effortlessly use:
* Verbs ending in -oir * Infinitives * Relative pronouns * Gerunds * Pronominal verbs * Passe Compose * Expressions of time * Passive voice
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Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason

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Michel Foucault, "Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason"
English | ISBN: 0415040183, 0415255392 | 1988 | 320 pages | EPUB | 1 MB

Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason
In recent years the question of madness and how to define it has become the centre of a great deal of discussion. This is the question the distinguished French psychologist and philosopher Michel Foucault seeks to answer by studying madness from 1500 to 1800 – from the Middle Ages when insanity was considered part of everyday life and fools and madmen walked the streets, to the point when these people began to be considered a threat, asylums were built for the first time, and a wall was erected between the insane and the rest of humanity.
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Oscar Wilde: Reminiscences

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Oscar Wilde: Reminiscences
Language: English | EPUB / MOBI | ISBN-10: N/A | ASIN: B006WHLHG6 | 2012 | 64 pages | 0.5 MB / 0.7 MB
"Personal recollections from André Gide on a man who profoundly influenced his work-Oscar Wilde. André Gide, a towering figure in French letters, draws upon his friendship with Oscar Wilde to sketch a compelling portrait of the tragic, doomed author, both celebrated and shunned in his time. Rather than compile a complete biography, Gide invites us to discover Wilde as he did-from their first meeting in 1891 to their final parting just two years before Wilde's death-all told through Gide's sensitive, incomparable prose. Using his notes, recollections, and conversations, Gide illuminates Wilde as a man whose true art was not writing, but living. This ebook features a new introduction by Jeanine Parisier Descriptiontel, selected quotes, and an image gallery."

Oscar Wilde: Reminiscences
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