Tag Archives: Functions

Category Theory for the Sciences

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Category Theory for the Sciences by David I. Spivak
2014 | ISBN: 0262028131 | English | 496 pages | PDF | 7 MB

Category Theory for the Sciences
Category theory was invented in the 1940s to unify and synthesize different areas in mathematics, and it has proven remarkably successful in enabling powerful communication between disparate fields and subfields within mathematics. This book shows that category theory can be useful outside of mathematics as a rigorous, flexible, and coherent modeling language throughout the sciences. Information is inherently dynamic; the same ideas can be organized and reorganized in countless ways, and the ability to translate between such organizational structures is becoming increasingly important in the sciences. Category theory offers a unifying framework for information modeling that can facilitate the translation of knowledge between disciplines. Written in an engaging and straightforward style, and assuming little background in mathematics, the book is rigorous but accessible to non-mathematicians. Using databases as an entry to category theory, it begins with sets and functions, then introduces the reader to notions that are fundamental in mathematics: monoids, groups, orders, and graphs — categories in disguise. After explaining the "big three" concepts of category theory — categories, functors, and natural transformations — the book covers other topics, including limits, colimits, functor categories, sheaves, monads, and operads. The book explains category theory by examples and exercises rather than focusing on theorems and proofs. It includes more than 300 exercises, with selected solutions. is intended to create a bridge between the vast array of mathematical concepts used by mathematicians and the models and frameworks of such scientific disciplines as computation, neuroscience, and physics.
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Handbook of Web Based Energy Information and Control Systems

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Handbook of Web Based Energy Information and Control Systems by Barney L. Capehart and Timothy Middelkoop
English | 2011-07-26 | ISBN: 0881736694, 1439876843 | PDF | 565 pages | 19,6 MB

Handbook of Web Based Energy Information and Control Systems
This book promotes the benefits of the development and application of energy information and control systems. This wave of information technology (IT) and web-based energy information and control systems (web based EIS/ECS) continues to roll on with increasing speed and intensity.

This handbook presents recent technological advancements in the field, as well as a compilation of the best information from three previous books in this area. The combined thrust of this information is that the highest level functions of the building and facility automation system are delivered by a web based EIS/ECS system that provides energy management, facility management, overall facility operational management and ties in with the enterprise resource management system for the entire facility or the group of facilities being managed.

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Handbook of Web Based Energy Information and Control Systems

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Handbook of Web Based Energy Information and Control Systems by Barney L. Capehart and Timothy Middelkoop
English | 2011-07-26 | ISBN: 0881736694, 1439876843 | PDF | 565 pages | 19,6 MB

Handbook of Web Based Energy Information and Control Systems
This book promotes the benefits of the development and application of energy information and control systems. This wave of information technology (IT) and web-based energy information and control systems (web based EIS/ECS) continues to roll on with increasing speed and intensity.

This handbook presents recent technological advancements in the field, as well as a compilation of the best information from three previous books in this area. The combined thrust of this information is that the highest level functions of the building and facility automation system are delivered by a web based EIS/ECS system that provides energy management, facility management, overall facility operational management and ties in with the enterprise resource management system for the entire facility or the group of facilities being managed.

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“Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth” ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira

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"Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth" ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira
InTeOpP | 2013 | ISBN: 9535110101 9789535110101 | 432 pages | PDF | 41 MB
The objective of this book is not to cover all areas of crystal growth but just present, as specified in the title, important selected topics, as applied to organic and inorganic systems. All authors have been selected for being key researchers in their field of specialization, working in important universities and research labs around the world. This book is mostly recommended for students working in the field of crystal growth and for scientists and engineers in the fields of crystalline materials, crystal engineering and the industrial applications of crystallization processes.

“Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth” ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira
Crystal growth is the key step of a great number of very important applications. The development of new devices and products, from the traditional microelectronic industry to pharmaceutical industry and many others, depends on crystallization processes.
The first section is mainly devoted to biological systems and covers topics like proteins, bone and ice crystallization.
The second section brings some applications to inorganic systems and describes more general growth techniques like chemical vapor crystallization and electrodeposition.

Contents
Preface
Section 1 Biological and Other Organic Systems
1 Proteins and Their Ligands: Their Importance and Howto Crystallize Them
2 Purification of Erythromycin by Antisolvent Crystallization orAzeotropic Evaporative Crystallization
3 Crystal Growth of Inorganic and Biomediated Carbonates and Phosphates
4 Direction Controlled Growth of Organic Single Crystals by Novel Growth Methods
5 Characterizations of Functions of Biological Materials Having Controlling-Ability Against Ice Crystal Growth
6 The Mineralization of Bone and Its Analogies with Other Hard Tissues
7 Modeling Ice Crystal Formation of Water in Biological System
8 Crystallization: From the Conformerto the Crystal
Section 2 Inorganic Systems
9 Chemical Vapor Transport Reactions-Methods, Materials, Modeling
10 Growth and Development of Sapphire Crystal for LED Applications
11 Crystal Growth by Electrodeposition with Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Emulsion
12 Inorganic Nanostructures Decorated Graphene
13 Metal Chalcogenides Tetrahedral Molecular Clusters: Crystal Engineering and Properties
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“Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology” ed. by Marco G. Beghi

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"Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology" ed. by Marco G. Beghi
InTeOpP | 2011 | ISBN: 9533075724 9789533075723 | 665 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book presents several aspects of the active research ongoing in the field of Acoustic Waves. Theoretical efforts are leading to a deeper understanding of phenomena, also in complicated environments like the solar surface boundary. A whole class of widespread microdevices, including filters and sensors, is based on the behaviour of acoustic waves propagating in thin layers. The search for better performances is driving to new materials for these devices, and to more refined tools for their analysis.

“Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology” ed. by Marco G. Beghi
Contents
Part 1 Theoretical and Numerical Investigations of Acoustic Waves
1 Analysis of Acoustic Wave in Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Media Using Finite Element Method
2 Topological Singularities in Acoustic Fields due to Absorption of a Crystal
3 An Operational Approach to the Acoustic Analogy Equations
4 Exact Solutions Expressible in Hyperbolic and Jacobi Elliptic Functions of Some Important Equations of Ion-Acoustic Waves
5 A coustic Wave
Part 2 Acoustic Waves as Investigative Tools
6 Acoustic Waves: A Probe for the Elastic Properties of Films
7 Evaluation Method for Anisotropic Drilling Characteristics of the Formation by Using Acoustic Wave Information
8 Machinery Faults Detection Using Acoustic Emission Signal
9 Compensation of Ultrasound Attenuation in Photoacoustic Imaging
10 Low Frequency Acoustic Devices for Viscoelastic Complex Media Characterization
11 Modeling of Biological Interfacial Processes Using Thickness-Shear Mode Sensors
12 Analysis of Biological Acoustic Waves by Means of the Phase-Sensitivity Technique
13 Photoacoustic Technique Applied to Skin Research: Characterization of Tissue, Topically Applied Products and Transdermal Drug Delivery
14 Acoustic-Gravity Waves in the Ionosphere During Solar Eclipse Events
Part 3 Acoustic Waves as Manipulative Tools
15 Use of Acoustic Waves for Pulsating Water Jet Generation
16 Molecular Desorption by Laser-Driven Acoustic Waves: Analytical Applications and Physical Mechanisms
17 Excitation of Periodical Shock Waves in Solid-State Optical Media (Yb:YAG, Glass) at SBS of Focused Low-Coherent Pump Radiation: Structure Changes, Features of Lasing
18 An Optimal Distribution of Actuatorsin Active Beam Vibration: Some Aspects, Theoretical Considerations
Part 4 Acoustic Wave Based Microdevices
19 Multilayered Structure as a Novel Material for Surface Acoustic Wave Devices: Physical Insight
20 SAW Parameters Analysis and Equivalent Circuit of SAW Device
21 Sources of Third-Order Intermodulation Distortion in Bulk Acoustic Wave Devices: A Phenomenological Approach
22 Shear Mode Piezoelectric Thin Film Resonators
23 Polymer Coated Rayleigh SAW and STW Resonators for Gas Sensor Applications
24 Ultrananocrystalline Diamond as Material for Surface Acoustic Wave Devices
25 Aluminum Nitride (AIN) Film Based Acoustic Devices: Material Synthesis and Device Fabrication
26 Surface Acoustic Wave Devices for Harsh Environment
27 Applications of In-Fiber Acousto-Optic Devices
28 Surface Acoustic Waves and Nano-Electromechanical Systems
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Rhodiola rosea

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Rhodiola rosea (Traditional Herbal Medicines for Modern Times) by Alain Cuerrier, Kwesi Ampong-Nyarko
2014 | ISBN: 143988840X | English | 304 pages | PDF | 33 MB

Rhodiola rosea
The genus Rhodiola (Family Crassulaceae) is indigenous to Northern Canada, Europe and Asia where its rhizomes and roots have been used for centuries for medicinal purposes. Recent interest in the species (roseroot) in the West arose from the use of the rhizome as an adaptogen for the treatment of stress, but in the last few years, chemical and pharmacological studies have confirmed other valuable medicinal properties.

Written by well-known researchers in this field of study, examines important aspects of this increasingly important medicinal plant, including:

Cultivation
Taxonomy
Ethnobotany
Conservation
Phytopathology
Phytochemistry
Pharmacology
Biotechnology

The book discusses in vitro culture of R. rosea and examines pests and diseases affecting the plant in Europe, Canada, and Alaska. It also examines pharmacological bioassays and toxicology. The contributors provide a meta-analysis of clinical trials and describe experimentation with R. rosea in clinical practice. They explore its use in a range of areas, including for depression and anxiety disorders, to improve sexual and immune functions, to augment cancer treatment, and in aerospace medicine for afflictions such as mountain sickness and jet lag. The final chapter uses a model to illustrate the cultivation of R. rosea as an industrial crop from field to medicine to cabinet. Synthesizing the most important literature in recent years, the book supplies a comprehensive peer-reviewed survey of the wide spectrum of possibilities for its use as a modern phytomedicinal agent.
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Nonlocal Continuum Field Theories

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Nonlocal Continuum Field Theories
English | Physics, Mechanics | 1. Jule 2002 | ISBN-10: 0387952756 | 376 pages | pdf | 2 mb
Nonlocal continuum field theories are concerned with material bodies whose behavior at any interior point depends on the state of all other points in the body — rather than only on an effective field resulting from these points — in addition to its own state and the state of some calculable external field.

Nonlocal Continuum Field Theories
nonlocal continuum field theories are concerned with material bodies whose behavior at any interior point depends on the state of all other points in the body — rather than only on an effective field resulting from these points — in addition to its own state and the state of some calculable external field. Nonlocal field theory extends classical field theory by describing the responses of points within the medium by functionals rather than functions (the "constitutive relations" of classical field theory). Such considerations are already well known in solid-state physics, where the nonlocal interactions between the atoms are prevalent in determining the properties of the material. The tools developed for crystalline materials, however, do not lend themselves to analyzing amorphous materials, or materials in which imperfections are a major part of the structure. Nonlocal continuum theories, by contrast, can describe these materials faithfully at scales down to the lattice parameter. This book presents a unified approach to field theories for elastic solids, viscous fluids, and heat-conducting electromagnetic solids and fluids that include nonlocal effects in both space and time (memory effects). The solutions to the field equations agree remarkably well with atomic theories and experimental observations.
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The Weyl Operator and its Generalization

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The Weyl Operator and its Generalization (Pseudo-Differential Operators) by Leon Cohen
English | 2012-12-12 | ISBN: 3034802935 | PDF | 171 pages | 0,9 MB

The Weyl Operator and its Generalization
The discovery of quantum mechanics in the years 1925-1930 necessitated the consideration of associating ordinary functions with non-commuting operators. Methods were proposed by Born/Jordan, Kirkwood, and Weyl. Sometime later, Moyal saw the connection between the Weyl rule and the Wigner distribution, which had been proposed by Wigner in 1932 as a way of doing quantum statistical mechanics. The basic idea of associating functions with operators has since been generalized and developed to a high degree. It has found several application fields, including quantum mechanics, pseudo-differential operators, time-frequency analysis, quantum optics, wave propagation, differential equations, image processing, radar, and sonar. This book aims at bringing together the results from the above mentioned fields in a unified manner and showing the reader how the methods have been applied. A wide audience is addressed, particularly students and researchers who want to obtain an up-to-date working knowledge of the field. The mathematics is accessible to the uninitiated reader and is presented in a straightforward manner.
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A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma (Vipassana Meditation and the Buddha’s Teachings)

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A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma (Vipassana Meditation and the Buddha's Teachings) by Bhikkhu Bodhi
English | Sep 1, 2003 | ISBN: 1928706029, 9552401038 | 400 Pages | PDF | 1.8 MB
This modern translation of the Abhidhammattha Sangaha (Manual of Abhidhamma) offers an introduction to Buddhism's fundamental philosophical psychology. Originally written in the 11th or 12th century, the Sangaha has served as the key to wisdom held in the Abhidhamma.

A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma (Vipassana Meditation and the Buddha’s Teachings)
Concisely surveyed are Abhidhamma's central themes, including states of consciousness and mental factors, the functions and processes of the mind, the material world, dependent arising, and the methods and stages of meditation. This presents an exact translation of the Sangaha alongside the original Pali text. A detailed, explanatory guide with more than 40 charts and tables lead readers through the complexities of Adhidhamma.
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