Tag Archives: Identity:

Contestation and Adaptation: The Politics of National Identity in China

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Enze Han, "Contestation and Adaptation: The Politics of National Identity in China"
2013 | ISBN-10: 0199936293 | 240 pages | PDF | 13 MB

Contestation and Adaptation: The Politics of National Identity in China
Contestation and Adaptation unravels the complexities of national-identity contestation among various ethnic minority groups in China. It focuses on the interactions between domestic and international forces that inform ethnic groups' national-identity contestation, positing a theoretical framework where international factors play a significant role in determining why and when ethnic groups will contest the national identities imposed on them by central governments as part of the nation-building process.

Simmering grievances and occasional outbursts of social unrest among ethnic minority populations in China challenge not only the ruling party's legitimacy and governance, but also contemporary Chinese national identity and the territorial integrity of the Chinese state. But, as Enze Han points out, of the fifty-five ethnic minority groups in China, only the Tibetans and Uyghurs have forcefully contested the idea of a Chinese national identity. He argues that whether ethnic groups contest those national identities depends on whether they perceive a better, achievable alternative. In particular, Han argues that ethnic groups with extensive external kinship networks are most likely to perceive a capacity to achieve better circumstances and are, therefore, more likely to politically mobilize to contest national identity. In the absence of such alternatives ethnic groups are more likely to cope with their situation through emigration, political ambivalence, or assimilation. Using this theoretical framework, the book compares the way that five major ethnic minority groups in China negotiate their national identities with the Chinese nation-state: Uyghurs, Chinese Koreans, Dai, Mongols, and Tibetans. Overall, Contestation and Adaptation sheds light on the nation-building processes in China over the past six decades and the ways that different groups have resisted or acquiesced in their dealings with the Chinese state and majority Han Chinese society.
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Web of Life: Folklore and Midrash in Rabbinic Literature (Contraversions: Jews and Other Differences) by Batya Stein

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Web of Life: Folklore and Midrash in Rabbinic Literature (Contraversions: Jews and Other Differences) by Batya Stein
English | Oct 1, 2000 | ISBN: 0804732272 | 287 Pages | PDF | 29 MB

Web of Life: Folklore and Midrash in Rabbinic Literature (Contraversions: Jews and Other Differences) by Batya Stein
Web of Life weaves its suggestive interpretation of Jewish culture in the Palestine of late antiquity on the warp of a singular, breathtakingly tragic, and sublime rabbinic text, Lamentations Rabbah. The textual analyses that form the core of the book are informed by a range of theoretical paradigms rarely brought to bear on rabbinic literature: structural analysis of mythologies and folktales, performative approaches to textual production, feminist theory, psychoanalytical analysis of culture, cultural criticism, and folk narrative genre analysis.

The concept of context as the hermeneutic basis for literary interpretation reactivates the written text and subverts the hierarchical structures with which it has been traditionally identified. This book reinterprets rabbinic culture as an arena of multiple dialogues that traverse traditional concepts of identity regarding gender, nation, religion, and territory. The author's approach is permeated by the idea that scholarly writing about ancient texts is invigorated by an existential hermeneutic rooted in the universality of human experience. She thus resorts to personal experience as an idiom of communication between author and reader and between human beings of our time and of the past. This research acknowledges the overlap of poetic and analytical language as well as the language of analysis and everyday life.

In eliciting folk narrative discourses inside the rabbinic text, the book challenges traditional views about the social basis that engendered these texts. It suggests the subversive potential of the constitutive texts of Jewish culture from late antiquity to the present by pointing out the inherent multi-vocality of the text, adding to the conventionally acknowledged synagogue and academy the home, the marketplace, and other private and public socializing institutions.
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Religion and Culture in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1800

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Kasper von Greyerz "Religion and Culture in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1800"
Oxford University Press | 2007-10-22 | ISBN: 0195327667 | 320 pages | PDF | 2 MB

Religion and Culture in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1800
In the pre-industrial societies of early modern Europe, religion was a vessel of fundamental importance in making sense of personal and collective social, cultural and spiritual exercises. Developments from this era had immediate impact on these societies, much of which resonates to the present day. Published in German seven years ago, Kaspar von Greyerz important overview and interpretation of the religions and cultures of Early Modern Europe now appears in the English language for the first time. He approaches his subject matter with the concerns of a social anthropologist, rejecting the conventional dichotomy between popular and elite religion to focus instead on religion in its everyday cultural contexts. Concentrating primarily on Central and Western Europe, von Greyerz analyzes the dynamic strengths of early modern religion in three parts. First, he identifies the changes in religious life resulting from the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-Reformation. He then reveals how the dynamic religious climate triggered various radical and separatist movements, such as the Anabaptists, puritans, and Quakers, and how the newfound emphasis on collective religious identity contributed to the marginalization of non-Christians and outsiders. Last, von Greyerz investigates the broad and still much divided field of research on secularization during the period covered. While many large-scale historical approaches to early modern religion have concentrated on institutional aspects, this important study consciously neglects these elements to provide new and fascinating insights. The resulting work delves into the many distinguishing marks of the period: religious reform and renewal, the hotly debated issue of "confessionalism", social inclusion and exclusion, and the increasing fragmentation of early modern religiosity in the context of the Enlightenment. In a final chapter, von Greyerz addresses the question as to whether early modern religion carried in itself the seeds of its own relativization.
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Security in Computing, 4th Edition

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Security in Computing, 4th Edition by Charles P. Pfleeger, Shari Lawrence Pfleeger
2006 | ISBN: 0132390779 | English | 880 pages | EPUB | 7 MB

Security in Computing, 4th Edition
The New State-of-the-Art in Information Security: Now Covers the Economics of Cyber Security and the Intersection of Privacy and Information Security
For years, IT and security professionals and students have turned to Security in Computing as the definitive guide to information about computer security attacks and countermeasures. In their new fourth edition, Charles P. Pfleeger and Shari Lawrence Pfleeger have thoroughly updated their classic guide to reflect today's newest technologies, standards, and trends.
The authors first introduce the core concepts and vocabulary of computer security, including attacks and controls. Next, the authors systematically identify and assess threats now facing programs, operating systems, database systems, and networks. For each threat, they offer best-practice responses.

Security in Computing, Fourth Edition , goes beyond technology, covering crucial management issues faced in protecting infrastructure and information. This edition contains an all-new chapter on the economics of cybersecurity, explaining ways to make a business case for security investments. Another new chapter addresses privacy–from data mining and identity theft, to RFID and e-voting.

New coverage also includes
Programming mistakes that compromise security: man-in-the-middle, timing, and privilege escalation attacks
Web application threats and vulnerabilities
Networks of compromised systems: bots, botnets, and drones
Rootkits–including the notorious Sony XCP
Wi-Fi network security challenges, standards, and techniques
New malicious code attacks, including false interfaces and keystroke loggers
Improving code quality: software engineering, testing, and liability approaches
Biometric authentication: capabilities and limitations
Using the Advanced Encryption System (AES) more effectively
Balancing dissemination with piracy control in music and other digital content
Countering new cryptanalytic attacks against RSA, DES, and SHA
Responding to the emergence of organized attacker groups pursuing profit
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Assuming a Body: Transgender and Rhetorics of Materiality

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Gayle Salamon, "Assuming a Body: Transgender and Rhetorics of Materiality"
English | ISBN: 023114959X, 0231149581 | 2010 | 208 pages | PDF | 12 MB

Assuming a Body: Transgender and Rhetorics of Materiality
We believe we know our bodies intimately–that their material reality is certain and that this certainty leads to an epistemological truth about sex, gender, and identity. By exploring and giving equal weight to transgendered subjectivities, however, Gayle Salamon upends these certainties. Considering questions of transgendered embodiment via phenomenology (Maurice Merleau-Ponty), psychoanalysis (Sigmund Freud and Paul Ferdinand Schilder), and queer theory, Salamon advances an alternative theory of normative and non-normative gender, proving the value and vitality of trans experience for thinking about embodiment. Salamon suggests that the difference between transgendered and normatively gendered bodies is not, in the end, material. Rather, she argues that the production of gender itself relies on a disjunction between the "felt sense" of the body and an understanding of the body's corporeal contours, and that this process need not be viewed as pathological in nature. Examining the relationship between material and phantasmatic accounts of bodily being, Salamon emphasizes the productive tensions that make the body both present and absent in our consciousness and work to confirm and unsettle gendered certainties. She questions traditional theories that explain how the body comes to be–and comes to be made one's own–and she offers a new framework for thinking about what "counts" as a body. The result is a groundbreaking investigation into the phenomenological life of gender.
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The Strengths Model: A Recovery-Oriented Approach to Mental Health Services, 3 edition

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The Strengths Model: A Recovery-Oriented Approach to Mental Health Services, 3 edition by Charles A. Rapp and Richard J. Goscha
English | 2011 | ISBN: 0199764085 | 352 pages | PDF | 2 MB

The Strengths Model: A Recovery-Oriented Approach to Mental Health Services, 3 edition
Presenting a compelling alternative to the traditional medical approach, The Strengths Model demonstrates an evidence-based approach to helping people with a psychiatric disability identify and achieve meaningful and important life goals. Since the first edition of this classic textbook appeared, the strengths model has matured into a robust vision of mental health services. Both a philosophy of practice and a specific set of tools and methods, the strengths model is designed to facilitate a recovery-oriented partnership between client and practitioner. This completely revised edition charts the evolution of the strengths model, reviews the empirical support behind it, and illustrates the techniques and values that guide its application.

Features new to this edition:
– An extensive update of the strengths literature, focusing on recovery as the dominant paradigm in mental health services
– Richly drawn case vignettes demonstrating the application of methods
– Integration of empirical research and consumers' own experiences
– Completely updated strengths assessment and fidelity scales
– In-depth discussions and examples guide practitioners from theory to applied practice
– Descriptions of how to teach and successfully supervise large-scale implementations of strengths model work

For social workers and other mental health specialists working with clients to move beyond the disabling effects of mental illness to a life filled with meaning, purpose, and identity, this remains the crucial text.
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Debating German Cultural Identity since 1989

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Debating German Cultural Identity since 1989 (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture) by Anne Fuchs and Kathleen James-Chakraborty
English | 2011-12-01 | ISBN: 1571134867 | PDF | 270 pages | 1 MB

Debating German Cultural Identity since 1989
The events of 1989 and German unification were seismic historical moments. Although 1989 appeared to signify a healing of the war-torn history of the twentieth century, unification posed the question of German cultural identity afresh. Politicians, historians, writers, filmmakers, architects, and the wider public engaged in 'memory contests' over such questions as the legitimacy of alternative biographies, West German hegemony, and the normalization of German history. This dynamic and contested – and still ongoing – transformation of German cultural identity is the topic of this volume of new essays by scholars from the United Kingdom, Germany, the United States, and Ireland.It explores German cultural identity by way of a range of disciplines including history, film studies, architectural history, literary criticism, memory studies, and anthropology, avoiding a homogenized interpretation. Charting the complex and often contradictory processes of cultural identity formation, the volume reveals the varied responses that continue to accompany the project of unification. Contributors: Pertti Ahonen, Aleida Assmann, Elizabeth Boa, Peter Fritzsche, Anne Fuchs, Deniz Göktürk, Kathleen James-Chakraborty, Anja K. Johannsen, Jennifer A. Jordan, Jürgen Paul, Linda Shortt, Andrew J. Webber.
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Enlightened War: German Theories and Cultures of Warfare from Frederick the Great to Clausewitz

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Enlightened War: German Theories and Cultures of Warfare from Frederick the Great to Clausewitz by Elisabeth Krimmer and Patricia Anne Simpson
English | 2011-03-01 | ISBN: 1571134956 | PDF | 362 pages | 2 MB

Enlightened War: German Theories and Cultures of Warfare from Frederick the Great to Clausewitz
Enlightened War investigates the multiple and complex interactions between warfare and Enlightenment thought. Although the Enlightenment is traditionally identified with the ideals of progress, eternal peace, reason, and self-determination, Enlightenment discourse unfolded during a period of prolonged European warfare from the Seven Years' War to the Napoleonic conquest of Europe. The essays in this volume explore the palpable influence of war on eighteenth-century thought and argue for an ideological affinity among war, Enlightenment thought, and its legacy. The essays are interdisciplinary, engaging with history, art history, philosophy, military theory, gender studies, and literature and with historical events and cultural contexts from the early Enlightenment through German Classicism and Romanticism. The volume enriches our understanding of warfare in the eighteenth century and shows how theories and practices of war impacted concepts of subjectivity, national identity, gender, and art. It also sheds light on the contemporary discussion of the legitimacy of violence by juxtaposing theories of war, concepts of revolution, and human rights discourses.
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