Tag Archives: Jean-Pierre

Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment

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Natasha Gill, "Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment"
English | 2010 | ISBN-10: 0754662896 | 304 pages | PDF | 4 MB

Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment
Though Emile is still considered the central pedagogical text of the French Enlightenment, a myriad of lesser-known thinkers paved the way for Rousseau's masterpiece. Natasha Gill traces the arc of these thinkers as they sought to reveal the correlation between early childhood experiences and the success or failure of social and political relations, and set the terms for the modern debate about the influence of nature and nurture in individual growth and collective life. Gill offers a comprehensive analysis of the rich cross-fertilization between educational and philosophical thought in the French Enlightenment. She begins by showing how in Some Thoughts Concerning Education John Locke set the stage for the French debate by transposing key themes from his philosophy into an educational context. Her treatment of the abbe Claude Fleury, the rector of the University of Paris Charles Rollin, and Swiss educator Jean-Pierre de Crousaz illustrates the extent to which early Enlightenment theorists reevaluated childhood and learning methods on the basis of sensationist psychology. Etienne-Gabriel Morelly, usually studied as a marginal thinker in the history of utopian thought, is here revealed as the most important precursor to Rousseau, and the first theorist to claim education as the vehicle through which individual liberation, social harmony and political unity could be achieved. Gill concludes with an analysis of the educational-philosophical dispute between Helvetius and Rousseau, and traces the influence of pedagogical theory on the political debate surrounding the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1762.


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Burst of Breath: Indigenous Ritual Wind Instruments in Lowland South America

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Burst of Breath: Indigenous Ritual Wind Instruments in Lowland South America by Jonathan David Hill and Jean-Pierre Chaumeil
English | 2011 | ISBN: 0803220928 | ISBN-13: 9780803220928 | 440 pages | PDF | 43,3 MB
The first in-depth, comparative, and interdisciplinary study of indigenous Amazonian musical cultures, Burst of Breath showcases new research on the dynamic range of ritual power and social significance of various wind instruments-including flutes, trumpets, clarinets, and whistles-played in sacred rituals and ceremonies in Lowland South America.

Burst of Breath: Indigenous Ritual Wind Instruments in Lowland South America
The editors provide a detailed overview of the historical significance, scientific classification, shamanic and cosmological associations, and changing social meanings of ritual wind instruments within Amazonian cultures. These essays present a wide perspective that goes beyond better-documented areas such as the Upper Xingu and northwest Amazon. Some of the authors explore the ways ritual wind instruments are used to introduce natural sounds into social contexts and to cross boundaries between verbal and nonverbal communication. Others look at how ritual wind instruments and their music enter into local definitions and negotiations of relations between men, women, kin, insiders, and outsiders.

Closely considering these instruments in their many roles and contexts-in curing and purification, negotiating relations, connecting mythic ancestors and humans today-this volume reveals the power and complexity of the music at the heart of collective rituals across lowland South America.
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Manipulations vasculaires viscrales

Manipulations vasculaires viscrales – Jean-Pierre Barral, Alain Croibier
2009 | ISBN: 2810100950 | French | 427 pages | PDF | 163 MB
Cet ouvrage prsente une approche novatrice et inexplore de l'ostopathie viscrale. En effet, Jean-Pierre Barral et Alain Croibier proposent, en se basant sur l'anatomie et la physiologie, de manipuler les artres pour influer sur les viscres et les organes en augmentant l'irrigation de ceux-ci. Les artres, de par leur structure lastique et musculaire et les innombrables filets nerveux qui les entourent, ragissent parfaitement aux sollicitations manuelles. Pour tre efficaces, ces dernires se doivent cependant d'tre prcises et ajustes. Les auteurs, grce leur longue exprience de thrapeutes, leur matrise des techniques ostopathiques et l'aide d'examens ultrasonographiques, ont mis au point des techniques innovantes permettant d'amliorer la circulation vasculaire viscrale. A travers ce livre, ils montrent les diffrents emplacements des principaux pouls du corps et rsument la physiologie de la circulation sanguine. L'approche est gnraliste : les principaux organes et leur physiologie sont abords (coeur, cou, crne, abdomen, pancras, intestin grle, clon et rgion pelvienne). Riche d'une iconographie explicite et de grande qualit, ce livre sert la fois de repre anatomique et de guide pour exercer de la meilleure faon possible les manipulations vasculaires viscrales. L'ouvrage s'adresse aux ostopathes confirms et en formation et aux diffrents thrapeutes de mdecine manuelle qui souhaitent largir leur champ d'action.

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