Tag Archives: Mishnah

Significance of Yavneh & Other Essays in Jewish Hellenism

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Shaye J. D. Cohen, "Significance of Yavneh & Other Essays in Jewish Hellenism"
English | ISBN: 3161503759 | 2010 | 629 pages | PDF | 4 MB

Significance of Yavneh & Other Essays in Jewish Hellenism
This volume collects thirty essays by Shaye J.D. Cohen. First published between 1980 and 2006, these essays deal with a wide variety of themes and texts: Jewish Hellenism; Josephus; the Synagogue; Conversion to Judaism; Blood and Impurity; the boundary between Judaism and Christianity. What unites them is their philological orientation. Many of these essays are close studies of obscure passages in Jewish and Christian texts.
The essays are united too by their common assumption that the ancient world was a single cultural continuum; that ancient Judaism, in all its expressions and varieties, was a Hellenism; and that texts written in Hebrew share a world of discourse with those written in Greek. Many of these essays are well-known and have been much discussed in contemporary scholarship. Among these are: "The Significance of Yavneh" (the title essay), "Patriarchs and Scholarchs," "Masada: Literary Tradition, Archaeological Remains, and the Credibility of Josephus," "Epigraphical Rabbis," "The Conversion of Antoninus," "Menstruants and the Sacred in Judaism and Christianity," and "A Brief History of Jewish Circumcision Blood."
Survey of contents:
Jewish Hellenism The Beauty of Flora and the Beauty of Sarai – Sosates the Jewish Homer – The Destruction: From Scripture to Midrash – The Significance of Yavneh – Patriarchs and Scholarchs – False Prophets (4Q339), Netinim (4Q340), and Hellenism at Qumran
Josephus Josephus, Jeremiah, and Polybius – History and Historiography in the Against Apion of Josephus – Masada: Literary Tradition, Archaeological Remains, and the Credibility of Josephus – Parallel Historical Tradition in Josephus and Rabbinic Literature – Alexander the Great and Jaddus the High Priest According to Josephus – Respect for Judaism by Gentiles in the Writings of Josephus – Ioudaios to genos and Related Expressions in Josephus
Synagogues and Rabbis Epigraphical Rabbis – Pagan and Christian Evidence on the Ancient Synagogue – Were Pharisees and Rabbis the Leaders of Communal Prayer and Torah Study in Antiquity? The Evidence of the New Testament, Josephus, and the Early Church Fathers – The Place of the Rabbi in the Jewish Society of the Second Century
Conversion and Intermarriage Was Judaism in Antiquity a Missionary Religion? – Adolf Harnack's The Mission and Expansion of Judaism: Christianity Succeeds where Judaism Fails – Is `Proselyte Baptism' Mentioned in the Mishnah? The Interpretation of M. Pesahim 8:8 – The Conversion of Antoninus – On Murdering or Injuring a Proselyte – Solomon and the Daughter of Pharaoh: Intermarriage, Conversion, and the Impurity of Women
Women and Blood Menstruants and the Sacred in Judaism and Christianity – Purity, Piety, and Polemic: Medieval Rabbinic Denunciations of `Incorrect' Purification Practices – A Brief History of Jewish Circumcision Blood
Judaism and Christianity Judaism without Circumcision and `Judaism' without `Circumcision' in Ignatius – Between Judaism and Christianity: the Semi-Circumcision of Christians According to Bernard Gui, his Sources, and R. Eliezer of Metz – Does Rashi's Torah Commentary Respond to Christianity? A Comparison of Rashi with Rashbam and Bekhor Shor – A Virgin Defiled: Some Rabbinic and Christian Views on the Origins of Heresy
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The Halakhah of Jesus of Nazareth according to the Gospel of Matthew

Phillip Sigal, "The Halakhah of Jesus of Nazareth according to the Gospel of Matthew"
2007 | pages: 291 | ISBN: 1589832825 | PDF | 3,2 mb
This is a republished edition of Sigal's pioneering work with a new preface by Eugene Fisher of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops and an updating epilogue by Thomas Kazen of the Stockholm School of Theology. Sigal argues that, from a halakhic perspective, Jesus teachings on Sabbath and divorce in the Gospel of Matthew use the same methods of interpretation as those of his proto-rabbinic contemporaries. The Jesus of the Gospel of Matthew should thus be seen as a charismatic prophetic first-century proto-rabbi independent in his halakhah and frequently anticipating later rabbinic positions rather than as transcending proto-rabbinic halakhah or as an adherent of a particular school. Sigal concludes that, had it not been for the expulsion of Christian Jews from the synagogues after 90 C.E., Jesus could have been remembered as one of the rabbis of the Mishnah and that neither Christology nor halakhah were decisive for the break.

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