Tag Archives: observations

Learning from Leonardo: Decoding the Notebooks of a Genius

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Learning from Leonardo: Decoding the Notebooks of a Genius by Fritjof Capra
English | 2013 | ISBN: 1609949897 | 384 pages | EPUB | 19 MB

Learning from Leonardo: Decoding the Notebooks of a Genius
eonardo da Vinci was a brilliant artist, scientist, engineer, mathematician, architect, inventor, writer, and even musician—the archetypal Renaissance man. But he was also, Fritjof Capra argues, a profoundly modern man. Not only did Leonardo invent the empirical scientific method over a century before Galileo and Francis Bacon, but Capra's decade-long study of Leonardo's fabled notebooks reveal him as a systems thinker centuries before the term was coined. He believed the key to truly understanding the world was in perceiving the connections between phenomena and the larger patterns formed by those relationships. This is precisely the kind of holistic approach the complex problems we face today demand. Capra describes seven defining characteristics of Leonardo da Vinci's genius and includes a list of over forty discoveries Leonardo made that weren't rediscovered until centuries later. Leonardo pioneered entire fields—fluid dynamics, theoretical botany, aerodynamics, embryology. Capra's overview of Leonardo's thought follows the organizational scheme Leonardo himself intended to use if he ever published his notebooks. So in a sense, this is Leonardo's science as he himself would have presented it. Leonardo da Vinci saw the world as a dynamic, integrated whole, so he always applied concepts from one area to illuminate problems in another. For example, his studies of the movement of water informed his ideas about how landscapes are shaped, how sap rises in plants, how air moves over a bird's wing, and how blood flows in the human body. His observations of nature enhanced his art, his drawings were integral to his scientific studies, and he brought art and science together in his extraordinarily beautiful and elegant mechanical and architectural designs. Obviously, we can't all be geniuses on the scale of Leonardo da Vinci. But by exploring the mind of the preeminent Renaissance genius, we can gain profound insights into how best to address the challenges of the 21st century.
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Particles and the Universe

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Particles and the Universe
English | Physics | May 2007 | ISBN-10: 0816061165 | 158 pages | pdf | 2.2 mb
Nuclear physics investigates the properties and behavior of the central portion, or nucleus, of the atom. This branch of physics had perhaps the biggest impact on the world in the 20th century because it evolved into the knowledge used to build the most destructive weapons people have ever known.

Particles and the Universe
The atomic bombs that ended World War II, and the weapons race that followed, changed the course of history. But applications of nuclear physics have also provided enormous energy for useful purposes, generating about 16 percent of the world's electricity. "" documents how modern physics formed and how it continues to evolve. Each chapter of this book delves into the observations, theories, and tests of a particular topic, including nuclear physics, quantum mechanics, particle physics, relativity, and cosmology.
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Bob Dylan – Chronicles: Volume One by Bob Dylan

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Bob Dylan – Chronicles: Volume One by Bob Dylan
English | Sep 19, 2005 | ISBN: 0743478649 | 304 Pages | PDF | 62,8 MB

Bob Dylan – Chronicles: Volume One by Bob Dylan
This is the first spellbinding volume of the memoir of one of the greatest musical legends of all time. In CHRONICLES Volume One, Bob Dylan takes us back to the early 1960s when he arrived in New York to launch his phenomenal career. Dylan's New York is a magical city of possibilities — smoky, nightlong parties; literary awakenings; transient loves and unbreakable friendships. Elegiac observations are punctuated by jabs of memories, penetrating and tough. By turns revealing, poetical, passionate and witty, CHRONICLES: Volume One is a mesmerizing window on Bob Dylan's thoughts and influences. Utilizing his unparalleled gifts of storytelling and the exquisite expressiveness that are the hallmarks of his music, Bob Dylan turns CHRONICLES: Volume One into a poignant reflection on life, and the people and places that helped shape the man and the art. 'Dylan's writing never loses its richness, its sense of crystalline observation. He's unexpectedly frank about his own shortcomings – but not too frank. Throughout, a careful balance has been struck between elusiveness and revelation. Readers hoping to gain admittance to Dylan's inner sanctum may be surprised by how far in they are allowed to venture' – John Preston, SUNDAY TELEGRAPH 'An extremely good book indeed, actually a great one. If you are not weeping with gratitude by the end, then frankly, the age has passed you by . . . I cannot remember a book that has made me happier than this one' – Bryan Appleyard, SUNDAY TIMES 'Witty and beautifully written . . . Anyone who grew up with his music is bound to find it fascinating' – GUARDIAN
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Managing Supply Chain Risk

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Managing Supply Chain Risk (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science) by ManMohan S. Sodhi and Christopher S. Tang
English | ISBN: 1461432375 | 2012 | 351 pages | PDF | 5,3 MB

Managing Supply Chain Risk
"Supply Chain Risk Management is an issue that many companies face and yet few companies know how to deal with it in a systematic and pragmatic manner. While avoiding and reducing supply chain risks are certainly preferable, developing ways to restore and stabilize supply chain operations rapidly after a major disruption is critical for managing global supply chains. Sodhi and Tang present important concepts, frameworks, strategies, and analyses that are essential for managing supply chain risks. Not only does this book suggest some practical ways to work with different partners to manage the risks that are present in a global supply chain, it creates a framework that would enable practitioners to engage researchers to work on this important area." -Thomas A. Debrowski, Executive Vice President, Worldwide Operations, Mattel, Inc. "When a firm outsources its operations to external suppliers, the firm is vulnerable to major and rare disruptions that can occur at any link in the global supply chain. Because these disruptions rarely occur, few firms take commensurable actions to identify, assess, mitigate and respond to various types of supply chain risks. By introducing frameworks and concepts along with several case studies and a review of academic literature, Sodhi and Tang treat this important subject with practical relevance and academic rigor. This book will bring practitioners and researchers to develop effective and efficient ways to manage supply chain risks." -Marshall L. Fisher, UPS Professor, Professor of Operations and Information Management and Co-Director of Fishman-Davidson Center for Service and Operations Management, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania "This book ties observations in practice to methodologies and research. The rich case examples motivated the approaches and methodologies used to mitigate risks, and in the course of doing so, Sodhi and Tang provided insights on existing and new research opportunities. As a result, this book is highly relevant to both practitioners and academics. Also, the book is also written with management lessons on how risks can be mitigated, and how risks can be contained once disruptions have occurred. As such, it is also a book for management to gain insights and to develop management skills." -Hau L. Lee, Thoma Professor of Operations, Information and Technology and Director of the Stanford Global Supply Chain Management Forum, Graduate School of Business, Stanford University "As companies have extended their supply chains globally and as the face increasing resource issues, they face a number of new risk challenges. While there are various case studies written about supply chain risks, this book gives a comprehensive treatment of the subject with clarity. The concepts and frameworks developed by Sodhi and Tang in this book would create awareness of this important and yet not well understood subject, and strategies described in this book would stimulate practitioners to develop a holistic approach for identifying, assessing, mitigating, and responding to different types of supply chain risks." -Nick Wildgoose, Global Supply Chain Proposition Manager, Zurich Insurance
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The Essence of Photography: Seeing and Creativity

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The Essence of Photography: Seeing and Creativity by Bruce Barnbaum
2014 | ISBN: 1937538516 | English | 196 pages | PDF | 82 MB

The Essence of Photography: Seeing and Creativity
There is a lot more to photography than simply picking up a camera, pointing it toward something, and tripping the shutter. Achieving a great photograph requires thought and preparation, an understanding of the photographic process, and a firm grasp of how light and composition affect a photo. There must be personal involvement and personal expression. There must be experimentation, with the recognition that only a small percentage of experiments end successfully.

In this book, best-selling author and world-renowned photographer and teacher Bruce Barnbaum explores these seldom-discussed issues by drawing upon his personal experiences and observations from more than 40 years of photographing and teaching. In addition to photographs, Bruce also uses painting, music, and writing, as well as the sciences and even business, to provide pertinent examples of creative thinking. These examples serve as stepping-stones that will lead you to your own heightened ability to see and be creative.

Creativity is a topic that is almost wholly ignored in formal education because most instructors think that it cannot be taught or learned. To the contrary, Bruce has proven that photographic seeing and creativity can be taught, learned, and improved. This book expands on the ideas that are central to Bruce's method of teaching photography, which he has used in workshops for the past 41 years.

Included in the book are in-depth discussions on the following topics:

Defining your own unique rhythm and approach as a photographer
How to translate the scene in front of you to the final photograph
The differences and similarities between how an amateur and a professional approach photography
The differences between realism and abstraction, and the possibilities and limitations of each
Learning to expand your own seeing and creativity through classes, workshops, and associating with other photographers
Why the rules of composition should be ignored
How to follow your passion
When to listen to the critics and when to ignore them

The book is richly illustrated with over 90 photographs taken by Bruce as well as other photographers.Seeing and creativity are difficult to teach, but not impossible. This very different, perhaps groundbreaking book is sure to inspire photographers of all skill levels-from beginners to seasoned professionals-to think deeply about the issues involved in creating successful photographs.
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Field Guide to Wild Mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic by Bill Russell

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Field Guide to Wild Mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic by Bill Russell
English | Oct 11, 2006 | ISBN: 0271028912 | 248 Pages | PDF | 22,2 MB

Field Guide to Wild Mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic by Bill Russell
To most Americans, mushrooms are the brown lumps in the soup one uses to make a tuna casserole, but to a select few, mushrooms are the abundant yet often well-hidden delicacies of the forests. In spite of their rather dismal reputation, most wild mushrooms are both edible and delicious, when prepared properly. From the morel to the chanterelle and the prolific and aptly named chicken of the woods, mushrooms can easily be harvested and enjoyed, if you know where to look and what to look for. Bill Russell's Field Guide to the Wild Mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic helps the reader learn just that-specifically for the often-neglected East Coast mushrooms of the United States and Canada.

Suited to both the novice and the experienced mushroom hunter, this book helps the reader identify mushrooms with the use of illustrations, descriptions, and environmental observations. Russell's fifty years of experience in hunting, studying, and teaching about wild mushrooms have been carefully distilled into this easy-to-use and well-designed guide. The book is divided into the four seasons, each with its unique mushroom offerings. Each mushroom section includes a detailed description, information about the mushroom's biology, tips on where the mushroom is most likely to be found, and a short "nutshell" description for quick reference. The book also includes color photographs of each of the mushrooms described.

Russell's Field Guide to the Wild Mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic shows the reader not only how to identify the most common mushrooms found in the region but also how to avoid common copycats-and what to do with the mushrooms once they're identified and harvested. With both color illustrations and insightful descriptions of one hundred of the area's most common mushrooms, Field Guide is an indispensable reference for the curious hiker, the amateur biologist, or the adventurous chef.
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“The Development and Application of Microwave Heating” ed. by Wenbin Cao

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"The Development and Application of Microwave Heating" ed. by Wenbin Cao
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535108352 | 221 pages | PDF | 11 MB
This book is comprised of chapters within three parts highlighting different aspects covering both the basic understandings and the advanced applications. As a monograph, it is designed to be a fundamental reference book, aiming to help the readers to concentrate on the key aspects behind the success in microwave heating.

“The Development and Application of Microwave Heating” ed. by Wenbin Cao
The included discussion on the application of microwave heating in the field of food-, chemical engineering-, agricultural-, forestry- and mineral processing industry will provide a passage for future research.

Contents
Preface
Section 1: General
1 Microwave Applications in Thermal Food Processing
2 Effect of Microwave Heating on Flavour Generation and Food Processing
3 Applications of Microwave Heating in Agricultural and Forestry Related Industries
4 Microwave Heating Applications in Mineral Processing
Section 2: Technology
5 Microwave Hydrothermal and Solvothermal Processing of Materials and Compounds
6 Dechlorination of Polyvinyl Chloride in NaOH and NaOH/Ethylene Glycol Solution by Microwave Heating
Section 3: Applications
7 Microwave Apparatus for Kinetic Studies and in-situ Observations in Hydrothermal or High-Pressure Ionic Liquid System
3 Microwave Dielectric Heating of Fluids in Microflu id ic Devices
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“The Development and Application of Microwave Heating” ed. by Wenbin Cao

FREEDownload : “The Development and Application of Microwave Heating” ed. by Wenbin Cao

"The Development and Application of Microwave Heating" ed. by Wenbin Cao
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535108352 | 221 pages | PDF | 11 MB
This book is comprised of chapters within three parts highlighting different aspects covering both the basic understandings and the advanced applications. As a monograph, it is designed to be a fundamental reference book, aiming to help the readers to concentrate on the key aspects behind the success in microwave heating.

“The Development and Application of Microwave Heating” ed. by Wenbin Cao
The included discussion on the application of microwave heating in the field of food-, chemical engineering-, agricultural-, forestry- and mineral processing industry will provide a passage for future research.

Contents
Preface
Section 1: General
1 Microwave Applications in Thermal Food Processing
2 Effect of Microwave Heating on Flavour Generation and Food Processing
3 Applications of Microwave Heating in Agricultural and Forestry Related Industries
4 Microwave Heating Applications in Mineral Processing
Section 2: Technology
5 Microwave Hydrothermal and Solvothermal Processing of Materials and Compounds
6 Dechlorination of Polyvinyl Chloride in NaOH and NaOH/Ethylene Glycol Solution by Microwave Heating
Section 3: Applications
7 Microwave Apparatus for Kinetic Studies and in-situ Observations in Hydrothermal or High-Pressure Ionic Liquid System
3 Microwave Dielectric Heating of Fluids in Microflu id ic Devices
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Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis

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Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis by Xiaofan Li and Shouting Gao
English | 2011-11-03 | ISBN: 9400723806 | PDF | 256 pages | 8,7 MB

Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis
The book examines surface rainfall processes through cloud-resolving modeling and quantitative analysis of surface rainfall budget and summarizes modeling and analysis results in recent seven years. The book shows validation of precipitation modeling against observations and derives a set of diagnostic precipitation equations. The book provides detailed discussions of the applications of precipitation equations to the examination of effects of sea surface temperature, vertical wind shear, radiation, and ice clouds on torrential rainfall processes in the tropics and mid-latitudes, and to the studies of sensitivity of precipitation modeling to uncertainty of the initial conditions and to the estimate of precipitation efficiency. The book can be used as a text book for graduate students and will be beneficial to researchers and forecasters for precipitation process studies and operational forecasts.
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