Tag Archives: philosophers

Addiction and Responsibility

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Jeffrey Poland, George Graham, "Addiction and Responsibility"
English | 2011 | ISBN-10: 0262015501 | 320 pages | PDF | 18 MB

Addiction and Responsibility
Addictive behavior threatens not just the addict's happiness and health but also the welfare and well-being of others. It represents a loss of self-control and a variety of other cognitive impairments and behavioral deficits. An addict may say, "I couldn't help myself." But questions arise: are we responsible for our addictions? And what responsibilities do others have to help us? This volume offers a range of perspectives on addiction and responsibility and how the two are bound together. Distinguished contributors — from theorists to clinicians, from neuroscientists and psychologists to philosophers and legal scholars — discuss these questions in essays using a variety of conceptual and investigative tools.

Some contributors offer models of addiction-related phenomena, including theories of incentive sensitization, ego-depletion, and pathological affect; others address such traditional philosophical questions as free will and agency, mind-body, and other minds. Two essays, written by scholars who were themselves addicts, attempt to integrate first-person phenomenological accounts with the third-person perspective of the sciences. Contributors distinguish among moral responsibility, legal responsibility, and the ethical responsibility of clinicians and researchers. Taken together, the essays offer a forceful argument that we cannot fully understand addiction if we do not also understand responsibility.

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Music and Science in the Age of Galileo

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Music and Science in the Age of Galileo (The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science) by V. Coelho
English | Jan 5, 2011 | ISBN: 9048142180 | 252 Pages | PDF | 7 MB
Music and Science in the Age of Galileo features twelve new essays by leading specialists in the fields of musicology, history of science, astronomy, philosophy, and instrument building that explore the relations between music and the scientific culture of Galileo's time. The essays take a broad historical approach towards understanding such topics as the role of music in Galileo's experiments and in the scientific revolution, the musical formation of scientists, Galileo's impact on the art and music of his time, the scientific knowledge of instrument builders, and the scientific experiments and cultural context of Galileo's father, Vincenzo Galilei.

Music and Science in the Age of Galileo
This volume opens up new areas in both musicology and the history of science, and twists together various strands of parallel work by musicians and scientists on Galileo and his time.
This book will be of interest to musicologists, historians of science and those interested in interdisciplinary perspectives of the late Renaissance — early Baroque. For its variety of approaches, it will be a valuable collection of readings for graduate students, and those seeking a more integrated approach to historical problems.
The book will be of interest to historians of science, philosophers, musicologists, astronomers, and mathematicians.
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Augustine for the Philosophers: The Rhetor of Hippo, the Confessions, and the Continentals

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Calvin L. Troup, "Augustine for the Philosophers: The Rhetor of Hippo, the Confessions, and the Continentals"
English | ISBN: 1481300873 | 2014 | 238 pages | PDF | 2 MB

Augustine for the Philosophers: The Rhetor of Hippo, the Confessions, and the Continentals
St. Augustine of Hippo, largely considered the greatest thinker of Christian antiquity, has long dominated theological conversations. Augustine's legacy as a theologian endures. However, Augustine's contributions to rhetoric and the philosophy of communication remain relatively uncharted. Augustine for the Philosophers recovers these contributions, revisiting Augustine's prominence in the work of continental philosophers who shaped rhetoric and the philosophy of communication in the twentieth century. Hannah Arendt, Albert Camus, Jacques Ellul, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Martin Heidegger, Edmund Husserl, Jean-Francois Lyotard, and Paul Ricoeur are paired with Augustine in significant conversations close to the center of their work. Augustine for the Philosophers dares to hold Augustine's rhetoric and philosophy in dynamic tension with his Christianity, provoking serious reconsideration of Augustine, his presence in twentieth-century continental thought, and his influence upon modern rhetoric and communication studies.
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Measured Tones: The Interplay of Physics and Music,2nd Edition

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Measured Tones: The Interplay of Physics and Music,2nd Edition by Ian Johnston
English | Mar 1, 2002 | ISBN: 0750307625 | 420 Pages | PDF | 13 MB
There has always been a close connection between physics and music. From the great days of ancient Greek science, ideas and speculations have passed backward and forward between natural philosophers (physicists) and musical theorists. Measured Tones: The Interplay of Physics and Music, Second Edition explores the story of that relationship in an entertaining and user-friendly way.

Measured Tones: The Interplay of Physics and Music,2nd Edition
The book provides an easy-to-understand introduction to the physics involved in every stage of the music making process: from the very earliest experiments on vibrating strings and primitive sound makers to the latest concerns of digital sound recording, MP3 files, and information theory. At the same time, it examines the story of our developing concept of the universe we live in: from the ancient visions of a cosmos regulated by the music of the spheres to our current understanding of an expanding universe controlled by the laws of quantum mechanics and string theory. Running through all this is one recurring question – the so-called puzzle of consonance. Why do humans respond to music and musical sounds the way they do? It is the attempts by musicians and scientists through the ages to apply new knowledge to answer this question that gives this story its fascination.

Measured Tones should provide rewarding reading for any physics teacher or student who would like to know more about music and where it impinges on their subject as well as for anyone who is musically inclined.
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Better Humans?: Understanding the Enhancement Project

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Michael Hauskeller, "Better Humans?: Understanding the Enhancement Project"
English | ISBN: 1844655571, 1844655563 | 2013 | 240 pages | PDF | 13 MB

Better Humans?: Understanding the Enhancement Project
Developments in medical science have afforded us the opportunity to improve and enhance the human species in ways unthinkable to previous generations. Whether it's making changes to mitochondrial DNA in a human egg, being prescribed Prozac, or having a facelift, our desire to live longer, feel better and look good has presented philosophers, medical practitioners and policy-makers with considerable ethical challenges. But what exactly constitutes human improvement? What do we mean when we talk of making "better" humans? In this book Michael Hauskeller explores these questions and the ideas of human good that underpin them. Posing some challenging questions about the nature of human enhancement, he interrogates the logic behind its processes and examines the justifications behind its criteria. Questioning common assumptions about what constitutes human improvement, Hauskeller asks whether the criteria proposed by its advocates are convincing. The book draws on recent research as well as popular representations of human enhancement from advertising to the internet, and provides a non-technical and accessible survey of the issues for readers and students interested in the ethics and politics of human enhancement.
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Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction to a World of Proofs and Pictures by James Robert Brown

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Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction to a World of Proofs and Pictures (Philosophical Issues in Science) by James Robert Brown
English | Sep 10, 1999 | ISBN: 0415122759 | 181 Pages | PDF | 15 MB
Philosophy of Mathematics is an excellent introductory text. This student friendly book discusses the great philosophers and the importance of mathematics to their thought. It includes the following topics:

Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction to a World of Proofs and Pictures by James Robert Brown
* the mathematical image
* platonism
* picture-proofs
* applied mathematics
* Hilbert and Godel
* knots and nations
* definitions
* picture-proofs and Wittgenstein
* computation, proof and conjecture.
The book is ideal for courses on philosophy of mathematics and logic.
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A Short History of Western Thought (Audiobook)

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A Short History of Western Thought (Audiobook) By Stephen Trombley, read by Jonathan Keeble
Unabridged edition 2012 | 7 hours and 1 mins | ISBN: 1471203697 | M4B 62 kbps | 201 MB

A Short History of Western Thought (Audiobook)
A short, sharp and entertaining survey all aspects of the Western philosophical tradition- from the ancient Greeks to the present day
A Short History of Western Thought outlines the 2,500-year history of European ideas from the philosophers of Classical Antiquity to the thinkers of today; no major representative of any significant strand of Western thought escapes Trombley's attention. Included are the Christian Scholastic theologians of the Middle Ages, the German idealists from Kant to Hegel and the four shapers-in-chief of our modern world: the philosopher, historian and political theorist Karl Marx; the naturalist Charles Darwin, proposer of the theory of evolution; Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis; and the theoretical physicist Albert Einstein.
For an overview of the terrain, this includes more landmarks per square inch than most maps of this scale provide and suggests routes for many fascinating philosophical journeys' GUARDIAN
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Deleuze and Psychoanalysis

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Deleuze and Psychoanalysis by Leen De Bolle
English | 2010 | ISBN: 9058677966 | 160 Pages | PDF OCR | 3 MB

Deleuze and Psychoanalysis
Gilles Deleuze is among the twentieth century's most important philosophers of difference. The style of his extended oeuvre is so extremely dense and cryptic that reading and appreciating it require an unusual degree of openness and a willingness to enter a complicated but extremely rich system of thought.

The abundant debates with and references to a variety of authors of many different domains, the sophisticated conceptual framework, the creation of new concepts and the injection of existing concepts with new meanings – all this makes his oeuvre difficult to grasp.

This book can be seen as a guide to reading Deleuze, but at the same time it is a direct confrontation with issues at stake, particularly the debate with and against psychoanalysis. This debate not only offers the occasion to find an entrance to Deleuze's basic thought, but also throws the reader into the middle of the dispute. provides a clear and perspicuous overview of subject matter of interest to psychoanalysts, Deleuzean or otherwise.
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Modernist Fiction and Vagueness: Philosophy, Form, and Language

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Modernist Fiction and Vagueness: Philosophy, Form, and Language by Megan Quigley
English | Feb 28, 2015 | ISBN: 110708959X | 246 Pages | EPUB/MOBI/AZW/PDF (Converted) | 5 MB
Modernist Fiction and Vagueness marries the artistic and philosophical versions of vagueness, linking the development of literary modernism to changes in philosophy. This book argues that the problem of vagueness – language's unavoidable imprecision – led to transformations in both fiction and philosophy in the early twentieth century.

Modernist Fiction and Vagueness: Philosophy, Form, and Language
Both twentieth-century philosophers and their literary counterparts (including James, Eliot, Woolf, and Joyce) were fascinated by the vagueness of words and the dream of creating a perfectly precise language. Building on recent interest in the connections among analytic philosophy, pragmatism, and modern literature, Modernist Fiction and Vagueness demonstrates that vagueness should be read not as an artistic problem but as a defining quality of modernist fiction.
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Laruelle: Against the Digital

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Laruelle: Against the Digital (Posthumanities) by Alexander R. Galloway
2014 | ISBN: 0816692130, 0816692122 | English | 304 pages | PDF | 4 MB

Laruelle: Against the Digital
Laruelle is one of the first books in English to undertake in an extended critical survey of the work of the idiosyncratic French thinker François Laruelle, the promulgator of non-standard philosophy. Laruelle, who was born in 1937, has recently gained widespread recognition, and Alexander R. Galloway suggests that readers may benefit from colliding Laruelle’s concept of the One with its binary counterpart, the Zero, to explore more fully the relationship between philosophy and the digital.

In Laruelle, Galloway argues that the digital is a philosophical concept and not simply a technical one, employing a detailed analysis of Laruelle to build this case while referencing other thinkers in the French and Continental traditions, including Alain Badiou, Gilles Deleuze, Martin Heidegger, and Immanuel Kant. In order to explain clearly Laruelle’s concepts such as the philosophical decision and the principle of sufficient philosophy, Galloway lays a broad foundation with his discussions of “the One” as it has developed in continental philosophy, the standard model of philosophy, and how philosophers view “the digital.”

Digital machines dominate today’s world, while so-called digital thinking—that is, binary thinking such as presence and absence or self and world—is often synonymous with what it means to think at all. In examining Laruelle and digitality together, Galloway shows how Laruelle remains a profoundly non-digital thinker—perhaps the only non-digital thinker today—and engages in an extensive discussion on the interconnections between media, philosophy, and technology.
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