Tag Archives: Polymer

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai

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"Advances in Crystallization Processes" ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535105817 9789535105817 | 659 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book provides the latest research developments in many aspects of crystallization including: chiral crystallization, crystallization of nanomaterials and the crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials. This book is of interest to both fundamental research and also to practicing scientists and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in the process industries as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia.

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. In recent years, a number of new applications have also come to rely on crystallization processes such as the crystallization of nano and amorphous materials.

Contents
Section 1 Chiral crystallization
1 Separation of the Mixtures of Chiral Compounds by Crystallization
2 Crystallization on Self Assembled Monolayers
3 Asymmetric Reaction Using Molecular Chirality Controlled by Spontaneous Crystallization
Section 2 Crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials
4 Preparation of Na+ Superionic Conductors by Crystallization of Glass
5 Crystallization Kinetics of Metallic Glasses
6 Crystallization Kinetics of Amorphous Materials
7 Thermodynamics of Enthalpy Relaxation and Hole Formation of Polymer Glasses
8 Crystallization Behavior and Control of Amorphous Alloys
Section 3 Crystallization of nanomaterials
9 Influence of Crystallization on the Properties of Sn02 Thin Films
10 Crystallization of Sub-Micrometer Sized ZSM-5 Zeolites in SDA-Free Systems
11 The Growth of Chalcedony (Nanocrystalline Silica) in Electric Organs from Living Marine Fish
12 Synthesis and Characterization of Crystalline Zirconium Titanate Obtained by Sol-Gel
13 Characterization of Sol-Gel-Derived and Crystallized ??2, Zr02, Zr02-Y203 Thin Films on Si(001) Wafers with High Dielectric Constant
14 Crystalization in Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles
Section 4 Bulk Crystallization from Aqueous Solutions
15 Separation of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate Crystal from Dissolver Solution of Irradiated Fast Neutron Reactor Fuel
16 Stable and Metastable Phase Equilibria in the Salt-Water Systems
17 'Salt Weathering' Distress on Concrete by Sulfates?
18 Crystallization, Alternation and Recrystallization of Sulphates
Section 5 General issues in crystallization
19 Synthetic Methods for Perovskite Materials – Structure and Morphology
20 Phase Behavior and Crystal Structure of Binary Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Mixtures
21 Structure of Pure Aluminum After Endogenous and Exogenous Inoculation
22 Phosphoramidates: Molecular Packing and Hydrogen Bond Strength in Compounds Having a P(0)(N)n(0)3-n (n = 1, 2, 3) Skeleton
23 Synthesis and X-Ray Crystal Structure of a-Keggin-Type Aluminum-Substituted Polyoxotungstate
24 The Diffusion Model of Grown-ln Microdefects Formation During Crystallization of Dislocation-Free Silicon Single Crystals
25 Preparation of Carvedilol Spherical Crystals Having Solid Dispersion Structure by the Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method and Evaluation of Its in vitro Characteristics
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Glycopolymers: Synthesis and Applications

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Ravin Narain, "Glycopolymers: Synthesis and Applications"
2014 | ISBN-10: 1909030813 | 180 pages | PDF | 6 MB

Glycopolymers: Synthesis and Applications
Glycopolymers have received considerable interest in recent years due to their increasing potential applications in material science and biomedicine. With better understanding of the role of carbohydrates in biological systems and with recent advances in organic and carbohydrate chemistry, the design and synthesis of glycopolymers have become simpler where significant research efforts have been carried out towards the fabrication of advanced glyco-polymeric architectures for improved performance. This book provides an update on the recent advances on the synthesis of glycopolymers, their characterisations, their biological properties and their applications. The first objective of this book is to provide the readers a detailed overview about the synthesis of glycopolymers via several modern polymerisation techniques. The characterisation of these materials and their solution properties are also discussed. In addition to this, the conjugation of glycopolymers to different types of biomacromolecules are discussed. The second objective of this book is to provide the readers a detailed overview of the applications glycopolymers. In addition, the biological properties of the glycopolymers as a function of the types of carbohydrates attached, the polymer architectures and compositions are elaborated. This update will provide a quick reference to students and researchers working in both academia and industry.
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“Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology” ed. by Marco G. Beghi

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"Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology" ed. by Marco G. Beghi
InTeOpP | 2011 | ISBN: 9533075724 9789533075723 | 665 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book presents several aspects of the active research ongoing in the field of Acoustic Waves. Theoretical efforts are leading to a deeper understanding of phenomena, also in complicated environments like the solar surface boundary. A whole class of widespread microdevices, including filters and sensors, is based on the behaviour of acoustic waves propagating in thin layers. The search for better performances is driving to new materials for these devices, and to more refined tools for their analysis.

“Acoustic Waves: From Microdevices to Helioseismology” ed. by Marco G. Beghi
Contents
Part 1 Theoretical and Numerical Investigations of Acoustic Waves
1 Analysis of Acoustic Wave in Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Media Using Finite Element Method
2 Topological Singularities in Acoustic Fields due to Absorption of a Crystal
3 An Operational Approach to the Acoustic Analogy Equations
4 Exact Solutions Expressible in Hyperbolic and Jacobi Elliptic Functions of Some Important Equations of Ion-Acoustic Waves
5 A coustic Wave
Part 2 Acoustic Waves as Investigative Tools
6 Acoustic Waves: A Probe for the Elastic Properties of Films
7 Evaluation Method for Anisotropic Drilling Characteristics of the Formation by Using Acoustic Wave Information
8 Machinery Faults Detection Using Acoustic Emission Signal
9 Compensation of Ultrasound Attenuation in Photoacoustic Imaging
10 Low Frequency Acoustic Devices for Viscoelastic Complex Media Characterization
11 Modeling of Biological Interfacial Processes Using Thickness-Shear Mode Sensors
12 Analysis of Biological Acoustic Waves by Means of the Phase-Sensitivity Technique
13 Photoacoustic Technique Applied to Skin Research: Characterization of Tissue, Topically Applied Products and Transdermal Drug Delivery
14 Acoustic-Gravity Waves in the Ionosphere During Solar Eclipse Events
Part 3 Acoustic Waves as Manipulative Tools
15 Use of Acoustic Waves for Pulsating Water Jet Generation
16 Molecular Desorption by Laser-Driven Acoustic Waves: Analytical Applications and Physical Mechanisms
17 Excitation of Periodical Shock Waves in Solid-State Optical Media (Yb:YAG, Glass) at SBS of Focused Low-Coherent Pump Radiation: Structure Changes, Features of Lasing
18 An Optimal Distribution of Actuatorsin Active Beam Vibration: Some Aspects, Theoretical Considerations
Part 4 Acoustic Wave Based Microdevices
19 Multilayered Structure as a Novel Material for Surface Acoustic Wave Devices: Physical Insight
20 SAW Parameters Analysis and Equivalent Circuit of SAW Device
21 Sources of Third-Order Intermodulation Distortion in Bulk Acoustic Wave Devices: A Phenomenological Approach
22 Shear Mode Piezoelectric Thin Film Resonators
23 Polymer Coated Rayleigh SAW and STW Resonators for Gas Sensor Applications
24 Ultrananocrystalline Diamond as Material for Surface Acoustic Wave Devices
25 Aluminum Nitride (AIN) Film Based Acoustic Devices: Material Synthesis and Device Fabrication
26 Surface Acoustic Wave Devices for Harsh Environment
27 Applications of In-Fiber Acousto-Optic Devices
28 Surface Acoustic Waves and Nano-Electromechanical Systems
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Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials

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Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials by G. V. Kozlov, Yu G. Yanovskii
2014 | ISBN: 1771880414 | English | 384 pages | PDF | 11 MB

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials
This new book explores the consideration of relationships that connect the structural and basic mechanical properties of polymeric mediums within the frameworks of fractal analysis with cluster model representations attraction. Incidentally, the choice of any structural model of medium or their combinations is defined by expediency and further usage convenience only. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly changing and evolving field.

The book presents descriptions of the main reactions of high-molecular substances within the frameworks of fractal analysis and irreversible aggregation models. Synergetics and percolation theory were also used. In spite of the enormous number of papers dealing with the influence of the medium on the rate of chemical reactions (including synthesis of polymers), no strict quantitative theory capable of "universal" application has been put forward up until now. It is now possible to describe the relationship between the reaction rate constants and the equilibrium constants with the nature of the medium in which the reactions take place by means of a single equation. This important book for the first time gives structural and physical grounds of polymers synthesis and curing, and the fractal analysis is used for this purpose.

This new book:

* Highlights some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes

* Focuses on topics with more advanced methods

* Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details

* Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles

* Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex polymeric materials
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Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials

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Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials by G. V. Kozlov, Yu G. Yanovskii
2014 | ISBN: 1771880414 | English | 384 pages | PDF | 11 MB

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials
This new book explores the consideration of relationships that connect the structural and basic mechanical properties of polymeric mediums within the frameworks of fractal analysis with cluster model representations attraction. Incidentally, the choice of any structural model of medium or their combinations is defined by expediency and further usage convenience only. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly changing and evolving field.

The book presents descriptions of the main reactions of high-molecular substances within the frameworks of fractal analysis and irreversible aggregation models. Synergetics and percolation theory were also used. In spite of the enormous number of papers dealing with the influence of the medium on the rate of chemical reactions (including synthesis of polymers), no strict quantitative theory capable of "universal" application has been put forward up until now. It is now possible to describe the relationship between the reaction rate constants and the equilibrium constants with the nature of the medium in which the reactions take place by means of a single equation. This important book for the first time gives structural and physical grounds of polymers synthesis and curing, and the fractal analysis is used for this purpose.

This new book:

* Highlights some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes

* Focuses on topics with more advanced methods

* Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details

* Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles

* Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex polymeric materials
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Handbook of Polymers in Stone Conservation

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Handbook of Polymers in Stone Conservation By Elisabetta Princi
2014 | 316 Pages | ISBN: 1847357032 , 1847357121 | PDF | 10 MB

Handbook of Polymers in Stone Conservation
Dr. Elisabetta Princi has wide experience regarding the use of polymers in the field of cultural heritage. She has led a research team at the University of Genoa (Genoa, Italy) for several years and has published widely on the scientific background to the conservation, preservation and restoration of stone and stone-based works of art. This handbook is dedicated to the conservation of stone materials by the application of polymers. A short introduction on polymer chemistry is given to highlight their characteristics and properties. After the physical and chemical attributes of stone are summarised, the problems related to its degradation are discussed. Finally, the properties of the various polymers of potential value for stone restoration are reviewed and classified by schemes and tables, and pointers for the future are suggested. This handbook will be of great interest to those who share the author's enthusiasm for stone artworks and her dedication to their restoration and conservation.
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Introduction to Polymer Compounding: Raw Materials, Volume 1

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Introduction to Polymer Compounding: Raw Materials, Volume 1 By Dr. Muralisrinivasan Natama Subramanian
2014 | 138 Pages | ISBN: 1909030600 | PDF | 1 MB

Introduction to Polymer Compounding: Raw Materials, Volume 1
Polymer Compounding, Volume 1 focuses on aspects of the raw materials used in polymer processing. Polymer compounding comprises a complex heterogeneous system of polymers and other ingredients and, in many ways, the preparation of these materials is still very much an art. It is a powerful tool that will eventually be required as one of the basics of polymer processing. This book provides readers with a wide array of state-of-the-art strategies to develop their knowledge about compounding and the use of polymers while minimising wastage during processing. Details about polymer properties and additives are assembled to provide a one-source repository for compounding. Another important point to be considered in the book is the combination of polymers and additives and the essentials required for the development of economic and environmental incentives in polymer processing. This book will encourage further studies to understand the scientifically challenging polymer processing issues arising during the manufacture of parts for end-use applications. Finally, this volume presents an overview of polymer compounding requirements, as well as an idea of some of the future directions, advances and challenges of polymer processing.
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“Advanced Plasma Spray Applications” ed. by Hamidreza Salimi Jazi

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"Advanced Plasma Spray Applications" ed. by Hamidreza Salimi Jazi
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535103490 9789535103493 | 248 pages | PDF | 20 MB
Some state-of-the-art studies of advanced applications of plasma spraying such as nanostructure coatings, surface modifications, biomaterial deposition, and anti wear and corrosion coatings are presented in this book.

“Advanced Plasma Spray Applications” ed. by Hamidreza Salimi Jazi
Contents
Preface
Part 1 Plasma Spray for Corrosion and Wear Resistance
1 Thermal Sprayed Coatings Used Against Corrosion and Corrosive Wear
2 The Influence of Dry Particle Coating Parameters on Thermal Coatings Properties
3 Isothermal Oxidation Behavior of Plasma Sprayed MCrAlY Coatings
4 Analysis of Experimental Results of Plasma Spray Coatings Using Statistical Techniques
Part 2 Plasma Spray in Biomaterials Applications
5 Plasma Sprayed Bioceramic Coatings on Ti-Based Substrates: Methods for Investigation of Their Crystallographic Structures and Mechanical Properties
6 Effect of Hydrothermal Self-Healing and Intermediate Strengthening Layers on Adhesion Reinforcement of Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Coatings
Part 3 Plasma Spray in Nanotechnology Applications
7 Solution and Suspension Plasma Spraying of Nanostructure Coatings
8 A Solid State Approach to Synthesis Advanced Nanomaterials for Thermal Spray Applications
Part 4 Plasma Spray in Polymer Applications
9 Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet Induced Graft-Polymerization for Flame Retardant Silk
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Enzymatic Polymerisation (Advances in Polymer Science)

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Enzymatic Polymerisation (Advances in Polymer Science) By G. M. Guebitz, Anja R. A. Palmans, Andreas Heise
2011 | 157 Pages | ISBN: 3642163750 | PDF | 4 MB

Enzymatic Polymerisation (Advances in Polymer Science)
The application of nature's toolset is a fast-growing area in several industries, such as food, ?ne chemicals and polymers. Speciacally in vitro enzymatic catalysis has seen a steady increase in (industrial) applications where enzyme catalysis has established itself as an indispensable tool in the synthesis of small molecules. Examples can be found in the production of pharmaceutical intermediates, where biotechnology generates signi?cant turnover and reduces the environmental impact. In recent years, enzyme catalysis was also successfully applied in polymer synthesis. The motivation for using enzymes in polymer synthesis was initially mainly scientic curiosity, but as this technology started to produce results comparable to conventional polymerizations, the potential was recognized. The possibility of making polymers that are not available from conventionalmethods and their natural character make enzymes a particularly promising catalytic system. The goal of this book is to provide an overview of enzyme catalysis in polymer synthesis structured according to the different enzyme classes used in these reactions. Notably, three of
the six enzyme groups have been reported in enzymatic polymerization in vitro, i.e. oxidoreductases, transferases and hydrolases.
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