Tag Archives: postulate

Sea Legs: Tales Of A Woman Oceanographer

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Sea Legs: Tales Of A Woman Oceanographer By Kathleen Crane
Publisher: Ba..sic Bo..oks 2003 | 320 Pages | ISBN: 0813340047 | PDF | 13 MB

Sea Legs: Tales Of A Woman Oceanographer
Crane chronicles the relentless adversity she faced in becoming a world-class oceanographer with a modest matter-of-factness that almost camouflages the high caliber of her achievements. During the 1970s, when Crane was struggling to accomplish her demanding and pioneering fieldwork on underwater volcanic activity–she was the first to postulate the existence of the now famous deep-sea hot springs–female scientists either weren't allowed on expeditions at all or only in pairs, and they were not only forbidden below deck but also lectured patronizingly on their apparel and behavior.
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Rational Causation

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Eric Marcus, "Rational Causation"
English | ISBN: 0674059905 | 2012 | 280 pages | PDF | 4 MB

Rational Causation
We explain what people think and do by citing their reasons, but how do such explanations work, and what do they tell us about the nature of reality? Contemporary efforts to address these questions are often motivated by the worry that our ordinary conception of rationality contains a kernel of supernaturalism – a ghostly presence that meditates on sensory messages and orchestrates behavior on the basis of its ethereal calculations. In shunning this otherworldly conception, contemporary philosophers have focused on the project of "naturalizing" the mind, viewing it as a kind of machine that converts sensory input and bodily impulse into thought and action. Eric Marcus rejects this choice between physicalism and supernaturalism as false and defends a third way. He argues that philosophers have failed to take seriously the idea that rational explanations postulate a distinctive sort of causation – rational causation. Rational explanations do not reveal the same sorts of causal connections that explanations in the natural sciences do. Rather, rational causation draws on the theoretical and practical inferential abilities of human beings. Marcus defends this position against a wide array of physicalist arguments that have captivated philosophers of mind for decades. Along the way he provides novel views on, for example, the difference between rational and nonrational animals and the distinction between states and events.
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Dualism in Qumran (Library of Second Temple Studies)

Dualism in Qumran (Library of Second Temple Studies)
Publisher: T & T Clark International | ISBN 10: 0567234355 | 2010 | PDF | 208 pages | 10.5 MB

This is an assessment of dualistic thinking in the Qumran material written by leading contributors in the light of two decades of Qumran research. The importance of dualistic thinking within the “Dead Sea Scrolls” has always been emphasised in “Qumran Studies”. Nevertheless, in the last two decades the research on Qumran dualism seems to have been on the margins of scholarly interest. The main result of contemporary research in this area is support for the conviction that one cannot postulate compelling doctrines in the theology of Qumran – the group did not want to develop a sophisticated doctrinal system; rather, they collected and mediated various aspects of the theology of their times. Since virtually all the Qumran material has been published, it is now apposite to evaluate several oft-debated topics of scholarly research.

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