Tag Archives: Process

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai

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"Advances in Crystallization Processes" ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535105817 9789535105817 | 659 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book provides the latest research developments in many aspects of crystallization including: chiral crystallization, crystallization of nanomaterials and the crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials. This book is of interest to both fundamental research and also to practicing scientists and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in the process industries as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia.

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. In recent years, a number of new applications have also come to rely on crystallization processes such as the crystallization of nano and amorphous materials.

Contents
Section 1 Chiral crystallization
1 Separation of the Mixtures of Chiral Compounds by Crystallization
2 Crystallization on Self Assembled Monolayers
3 Asymmetric Reaction Using Molecular Chirality Controlled by Spontaneous Crystallization
Section 2 Crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials
4 Preparation of Na+ Superionic Conductors by Crystallization of Glass
5 Crystallization Kinetics of Metallic Glasses
6 Crystallization Kinetics of Amorphous Materials
7 Thermodynamics of Enthalpy Relaxation and Hole Formation of Polymer Glasses
8 Crystallization Behavior and Control of Amorphous Alloys
Section 3 Crystallization of nanomaterials
9 Influence of Crystallization on the Properties of Sn02 Thin Films
10 Crystallization of Sub-Micrometer Sized ZSM-5 Zeolites in SDA-Free Systems
11 The Growth of Chalcedony (Nanocrystalline Silica) in Electric Organs from Living Marine Fish
12 Synthesis and Characterization of Crystalline Zirconium Titanate Obtained by Sol-Gel
13 Characterization of Sol-Gel-Derived and Crystallized ??2, Zr02, Zr02-Y203 Thin Films on Si(001) Wafers with High Dielectric Constant
14 Crystalization in Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles
Section 4 Bulk Crystallization from Aqueous Solutions
15 Separation of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate Crystal from Dissolver Solution of Irradiated Fast Neutron Reactor Fuel
16 Stable and Metastable Phase Equilibria in the Salt-Water Systems
17 'Salt Weathering' Distress on Concrete by Sulfates?
18 Crystallization, Alternation and Recrystallization of Sulphates
Section 5 General issues in crystallization
19 Synthetic Methods for Perovskite Materials – Structure and Morphology
20 Phase Behavior and Crystal Structure of Binary Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Mixtures
21 Structure of Pure Aluminum After Endogenous and Exogenous Inoculation
22 Phosphoramidates: Molecular Packing and Hydrogen Bond Strength in Compounds Having a P(0)(N)n(0)3-n (n = 1, 2, 3) Skeleton
23 Synthesis and X-Ray Crystal Structure of a-Keggin-Type Aluminum-Substituted Polyoxotungstate
24 The Diffusion Model of Grown-ln Microdefects Formation During Crystallization of Dislocation-Free Silicon Single Crystals
25 Preparation of Carvedilol Spherical Crystals Having Solid Dispersion Structure by the Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method and Evaluation of Its in vitro Characteristics
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“Advanced Elastomers: Technology, Properties and Applications” ed. by Anna Boczkowska

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"Advanced Elastomers: Technology, Properties and Applications" ed. by Anna Boczkowska
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535107399 9789535107392 | 412 pages | PDF | 55 MB
This book provides an extensive overview of current trends in the area of elastomers and their composites from the chapters contributed by internationally recognized specialists. The book deals with novel synthesis, modelling and experimental methods in elastomers. This book addresses to industrial and academic researchers in the fields of physical, chemical, biological sciences and engineering.

“Advanced Elastomers: Technology, Properties and Applications” ed. by Anna Boczkowska
Contents include: new approach to crosslinking, liquid crystal elastomers, nanocomposites, smart elastomers, elastomers in microelectronics and microfluidics, elastomers in cement concrete and mortar, experimental testing and modelling.
Each section demonstrates how enhancements in materials, processes and characterization techniques can improve performance in the field of engineering. The book provides a unique opportunity to discover the latest research on elastomer advances from laboratories around the world.

Contents
Preface
Section 1: New Approach to Elastomer Cross I inking
1 Aspects Regarding Radiation Cross I inking of Elastomers
Section 2: Liquid Crystal Elastomers
2 Monitoring the Contractile Properties of Optically Patterned Liquid Crystal Based Elastomers
3 Polysiloxane Side-Chain Azobenzene-Containing Liquid Single Crystal Elastomers for Photo-Active Artificial Muscle-Like Actuators
Section 3: Elastomer Nanocomposites
4 Rubber Clay Nanocomposites
5 Pigment and Dye Modified Fillers as Elastomeric Additives
Section 4: Smart Elastomers
6 Microstructure and Properties of Magnetorheological Elastomers
7 Thermo-Shrinkable Elastomers
Section 5: Elastomers in Microelectronics and Microflu id ics
8 Elastomer Application in Microsystem and Microflu id ics
9 Elasto meric Electronics: A Microflu id ic Approach
10 Use of Silicone Elastomer-Based Microfluidic Devices and Systems in Reproductive Technologies
Section 6: Elastomers in Cement Concrete and Mortar
11 Technology, Properties and Application of NRL Elastomers
Section 7: Experimental Testing and Modelling of Elastomer Properties
12 Transmittance and Reflectance of an Imprinted Cholesteric Elastomer During a Segregation Process
13 Anelastic Behavior in Filled Elastomers Under Harmonic Loading Using Distributed Rate-Dependent Elasto-Slide Elements
14 Modelling Friction and Abrasive Wear of Elastomers
15 The Significance of Equi-Biaxial Bubble Inflation in Determining Elasto meric Fatigue Properties
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Hierarchical Nanostructures for Energy Devices

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Hierarchical Nanostructures for Energy Devices by Seung H Ko and Costas P Grigoropoulos
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1849736286 | 322 pages | PDF | 15 MB

Hierarchical Nanostructures for Energy Devices
Surface area has a directly relationship with the efficiency of energy devices. Hierarchical nanostructuring has the potential to greatly increase surface area, and their electrical properties are favourable, not only to energy generation and storage, but also energy-consuming electronic circuits.

This book provides systematic coverage of how nanostructured materials can be applied to energy devices, with an emphasis on the process of generation to storage and consumption. The fundamentals (including properties, characterisation and synthesis) are clearly presented across the first chapters of the book, providing readers new to the field with a clear overview of this expanding topic. The detailed discussion of applications will be an inspiration to those already well-versed in the field.

The editors have more than a decade of experience in working on all aspects of energy generation and storage – in academia, national laboratories and industry. The book presents a balanced view from all sectors and is presented in a format accessible by postgraduate students and professional researchers alike.
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Hierarchical Nanostructures for Energy Devices

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Hierarchical Nanostructures for Energy Devices by Seung H Ko and Costas P Grigoropoulos
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1849736286 | 322 pages | PDF | 15 MB

Hierarchical Nanostructures for Energy Devices
Surface area has a directly relationship with the efficiency of energy devices. Hierarchical nanostructuring has the potential to greatly increase surface area, and their electrical properties are favourable, not only to energy generation and storage, but also energy-consuming electronic circuits.

This book provides systematic coverage of how nanostructured materials can be applied to energy devices, with an emphasis on the process of generation to storage and consumption. The fundamentals (including properties, characterisation and synthesis) are clearly presented across the first chapters of the book, providing readers new to the field with a clear overview of this expanding topic. The detailed discussion of applications will be an inspiration to those already well-versed in the field.

The editors have more than a decade of experience in working on all aspects of energy generation and storage – in academia, national laboratories and industry. The book presents a balanced view from all sectors and is presented in a format accessible by postgraduate students and professional researchers alike.
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Contestation and Adaptation: The Politics of National Identity in China

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Enze Han, "Contestation and Adaptation: The Politics of National Identity in China"
2013 | ISBN-10: 0199936293 | 240 pages | PDF | 13 MB

Contestation and Adaptation: The Politics of National Identity in China
Contestation and Adaptation unravels the complexities of national-identity contestation among various ethnic minority groups in China. It focuses on the interactions between domestic and international forces that inform ethnic groups' national-identity contestation, positing a theoretical framework where international factors play a significant role in determining why and when ethnic groups will contest the national identities imposed on them by central governments as part of the nation-building process.

Simmering grievances and occasional outbursts of social unrest among ethnic minority populations in China challenge not only the ruling party's legitimacy and governance, but also contemporary Chinese national identity and the territorial integrity of the Chinese state. But, as Enze Han points out, of the fifty-five ethnic minority groups in China, only the Tibetans and Uyghurs have forcefully contested the idea of a Chinese national identity. He argues that whether ethnic groups contest those national identities depends on whether they perceive a better, achievable alternative. In particular, Han argues that ethnic groups with extensive external kinship networks are most likely to perceive a capacity to achieve better circumstances and are, therefore, more likely to politically mobilize to contest national identity. In the absence of such alternatives ethnic groups are more likely to cope with their situation through emigration, political ambivalence, or assimilation. Using this theoretical framework, the book compares the way that five major ethnic minority groups in China negotiate their national identities with the Chinese nation-state: Uyghurs, Chinese Koreans, Dai, Mongols, and Tibetans. Overall, Contestation and Adaptation sheds light on the nation-building processes in China over the past six decades and the ways that different groups have resisted or acquiesced in their dealings with the Chinese state and majority Han Chinese society.
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Novel Optical Resolution Technologies

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Novel Optical Resolution Technologies
English | Physics, Chemistry | 15. February 2007 | ISBN-10: 3540463178 | 313 pages | pdf | 11 mb
After theend ofthe 20th century, the science ofcrystallizationreached a truly exciting stage where new opportunities emerged in both theory and expe- ment.

Novel Optical Resolution Technologies
Variousphysical methodsare capableofresolvingthesurface as wellas theinsidestructureofcrystalsattheatomiclevelwhilenewhigh-performance computingresourcesaffordthecapabilityofmodelingthecomplexlarge-scale alignmentsnecessarytosimulatecrystallizationinrealsystems.Asaresult,the science of crystallization has shifted gradually fromstatic to dynamic science and considerable progress now underlies the complex but beautiful cryst- lization process. I believe that if a de?nitive history of 21st century science is ever written,one of the highlightswill be the science ofcrystallization. This science has the following characteristics: in?nite advances in soph- tication, unlimited opportunities not only for intellectual excitement but also forindustrialmerit,strongcollaborationwithbiologyandmaterialscience,as wellaswithallareasofchemistry.Thevastpotentialofcrystallizationasan- portant?eld ofscience isfar beyondthesimple technologyofpharmaceutical industries during the 20th century. Optical resolution was one small area of chemistry in the last century. This was more a technology than a science, largely because trial and error was the only method to obtain good results. However, the situation is now changing. Therearesomanyappealing,hidden?ndingsintheprocessofcrystallization. Historically, crystallization began in an old laboratory in academia and then gradually shifted to industry. Now,it is making itscomeback in academia due toseveralnewresearchbranchestryingtodiscoverwhatisgoingonduringthe crystallizationprocess.Ibelieve this?eld ofscience isnowgrowingasa result of the wonderfulcoupling between industry and academia. I read a prepublication draft of ,and foundthateachoneofthesegeneralcharacteristicsofsciencehadarealityand sharpness that I had not expected. While it was a sheer delight to revisit each of these triumphs guided by the wise insights and analyses found throughout the book. There is a good balance between the underlying historical material and the design and execution aspects of each topic.
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