Tag Archives: proponent

The Autobiography of Jamgon Kongtrul: A Gem of Many Colors

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The Autobiography of Jamgon Kongtrul: A Gem of Many Colors by Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Taye
English | Feb 10, 2003 | ISBN: 1559391847 | 544 Pages | PDF | 2 MB
Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Taye (1813-1899) was one of the most influential figures and prolific writers in the Tibetan Buddhist world. He was a founder and the single most important proponent of the nonsectarian movement that flourished in eastern Tibet and remains popular today.

The Autobiography of Jamgon Kongtrul: A Gem of Many Colors
Two additional texts discuss his previous lives and recount Kongtrul's final days. The Autobiography of Jamgön Kongtrul is part of The Tsadra Foundation Series published by Snow Lion Publications.
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Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

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John T.E. Richardson, "Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island"
2011 | ISBN-10: 0231141688 | 352 pages | PDF | 5 MB

Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island
Howard Andrew Knox (1885-1949) served as assistant surgeon at Ellis Island during the 1910s, administering a range of verbal and nonverbal tests to determine the mental capacity of potential immigrants. An early proponent of nonverbal intelligence testing (largely through the use of formboards and picture puzzles), Knox developed an evaluative approach that today informs the techniques of practitioners and researchers. Whether adapted to measure intelligence and performance in children, military recruits, neurological and psychiatric patients, or the average job applicant, Knox's pioneering methods are part of contemporary psychological practice and deserve in-depth investigation.
Completing the first biography of this unjustly overlooked figure, John T. E. Richardson, former president of the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences, takes stock of Knox's understanding of intelligence and his legacy beyond Ellis Island. Consulting published and unpublished sources, Richardson establishes a chronology of Knox's life, including details of his medical training and his time as a physician for the U.S. Army. He describes the conditions that gave rise to intelligence testing, including the public's concern that the United States was opening its doors to the mentally unfit. He then recounts the development of intelligence tests by Knox and his colleagues and the widely-discussed publication of their research. Their work presents a useful and extremely human portrait of psychological testing and its limits, particularly the predicament of the people examined at Ellis Island. Richardson concludes with the development of Knox's work in later decades and its changing application in conjunction with modern psychological theory.

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Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction

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Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction by Fergus Kerr
English | 2009-11-30 | ISBN: 0199556644 | PDF | 144 pages | 2,7 MB

Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction
Thomas Aquinas is one of the giants of medieval philosophy, a thinker who had–and who still has–a profound influence on Western thought. Aquinas was a controversial figure in his time who was often engaged in fierce theological debates. He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology, and the father of the Thomistic school of philosophy and theology. This Very Short Introduction will look at Aquinas in a historical context, and explore the Church and culture into which Aquinas was born. It will consider Aquinas as philosopher and theologian, and will look at the relationship between philosophy and religion in the thirteenth century. Fergus Kerr, in this engaging and informative introduction, makes the Summa Theologiae, Aquinas's greatest single work, accessible to new readers. He also sheds valuable light on the importance of Thomas Aquinas in modern times, showing why Aquinas matters now, illustrating the significant role that the writings of Aquinas play in contemporary debate.
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The Politics of Friendship

Jacques Derrida, "The Politics of Friendship"
2005 | ISBN-10: 1844670546, 185984913X | 320 pages | PDF | 4,5 MB
Jacques Derrida is known primarily, and until recently, as the major proponent of deconstruction; always somewhat disengaged from the central political questions of the day. Derrida's "political turn" was marked by the appearance of "Specters of Marx". In this study, Jacques Derrida renews this orientation through an examination of the political history of the idea of friendship pursued down the ages. Derrida's thoughts are haunted throughout the book by the strange and provocative address attributed to Aristotle, "O my friends, there is no friend", and its inversions by later philosophers, such as Montaigne, Kant, Nietzsche, Schmitt and Blanchot. The exploration allows Derrida to recall and re-stage the ways in which all the oppositional couples of Western philosophy and political thought – friendship and enmity, private and public life – have become dangerously unstable. At the same time, he dissects geneology itself, the familiar and male-centred notion of fraternity, and the virile virtue whose autority has gone unquestioned in the Western culture of friendship and modern models of democracy. The future of the political, for Derrida, becomes the future of friends, the invention of a radically new friendship, of a deeper and more inclusive democracy.

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