Tag Archives: purification

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai

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"Advances in Crystallization Processes" ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535105817 9789535105817 | 659 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book provides the latest research developments in many aspects of crystallization including: chiral crystallization, crystallization of nanomaterials and the crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials. This book is of interest to both fundamental research and also to practicing scientists and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in the process industries as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia.

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. In recent years, a number of new applications have also come to rely on crystallization processes such as the crystallization of nano and amorphous materials.

Contents
Section 1 Chiral crystallization
1 Separation of the Mixtures of Chiral Compounds by Crystallization
2 Crystallization on Self Assembled Monolayers
3 Asymmetric Reaction Using Molecular Chirality Controlled by Spontaneous Crystallization
Section 2 Crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials
4 Preparation of Na+ Superionic Conductors by Crystallization of Glass
5 Crystallization Kinetics of Metallic Glasses
6 Crystallization Kinetics of Amorphous Materials
7 Thermodynamics of Enthalpy Relaxation and Hole Formation of Polymer Glasses
8 Crystallization Behavior and Control of Amorphous Alloys
Section 3 Crystallization of nanomaterials
9 Influence of Crystallization on the Properties of Sn02 Thin Films
10 Crystallization of Sub-Micrometer Sized ZSM-5 Zeolites in SDA-Free Systems
11 The Growth of Chalcedony (Nanocrystalline Silica) in Electric Organs from Living Marine Fish
12 Synthesis and Characterization of Crystalline Zirconium Titanate Obtained by Sol-Gel
13 Characterization of Sol-Gel-Derived and Crystallized ??2, Zr02, Zr02-Y203 Thin Films on Si(001) Wafers with High Dielectric Constant
14 Crystalization in Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles
Section 4 Bulk Crystallization from Aqueous Solutions
15 Separation of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate Crystal from Dissolver Solution of Irradiated Fast Neutron Reactor Fuel
16 Stable and Metastable Phase Equilibria in the Salt-Water Systems
17 'Salt Weathering' Distress on Concrete by Sulfates?
18 Crystallization, Alternation and Recrystallization of Sulphates
Section 5 General issues in crystallization
19 Synthetic Methods for Perovskite Materials – Structure and Morphology
20 Phase Behavior and Crystal Structure of Binary Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Mixtures
21 Structure of Pure Aluminum After Endogenous and Exogenous Inoculation
22 Phosphoramidates: Molecular Packing and Hydrogen Bond Strength in Compounds Having a P(0)(N)n(0)3-n (n = 1, 2, 3) Skeleton
23 Synthesis and X-Ray Crystal Structure of a-Keggin-Type Aluminum-Substituted Polyoxotungstate
24 The Diffusion Model of Grown-ln Microdefects Formation During Crystallization of Dislocation-Free Silicon Single Crystals
25 Preparation of Carvedilol Spherical Crystals Having Solid Dispersion Structure by the Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method and Evaluation of Its in vitro Characteristics
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“Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth” ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira

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"Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth" ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira
InTeOpP | 2013 | ISBN: 9535110101 9789535110101 | 432 pages | PDF | 41 MB
The objective of this book is not to cover all areas of crystal growth but just present, as specified in the title, important selected topics, as applied to organic and inorganic systems. All authors have been selected for being key researchers in their field of specialization, working in important universities and research labs around the world. This book is mostly recommended for students working in the field of crystal growth and for scientists and engineers in the fields of crystalline materials, crystal engineering and the industrial applications of crystallization processes.

“Advanced Topics on Crystal Growth” ed. by Sukarno Olavo Ferreira
Crystal growth is the key step of a great number of very important applications. The development of new devices and products, from the traditional microelectronic industry to pharmaceutical industry and many others, depends on crystallization processes.
The first section is mainly devoted to biological systems and covers topics like proteins, bone and ice crystallization.
The second section brings some applications to inorganic systems and describes more general growth techniques like chemical vapor crystallization and electrodeposition.

Contents
Preface
Section 1 Biological and Other Organic Systems
1 Proteins and Their Ligands: Their Importance and Howto Crystallize Them
2 Purification of Erythromycin by Antisolvent Crystallization orAzeotropic Evaporative Crystallization
3 Crystal Growth of Inorganic and Biomediated Carbonates and Phosphates
4 Direction Controlled Growth of Organic Single Crystals by Novel Growth Methods
5 Characterizations of Functions of Biological Materials Having Controlling-Ability Against Ice Crystal Growth
6 The Mineralization of Bone and Its Analogies with Other Hard Tissues
7 Modeling Ice Crystal Formation of Water in Biological System
8 Crystallization: From the Conformerto the Crystal
Section 2 Inorganic Systems
9 Chemical Vapor Transport Reactions-Methods, Materials, Modeling
10 Growth and Development of Sapphire Crystal for LED Applications
11 Crystal Growth by Electrodeposition with Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Emulsion
12 Inorganic Nanostructures Decorated Graphene
13 Metal Chalcogenides Tetrahedral Molecular Clusters: Crystal Engineering and Properties
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Significance of Yavneh & Other Essays in Jewish Hellenism

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Shaye J. D. Cohen, "Significance of Yavneh & Other Essays in Jewish Hellenism"
English | ISBN: 3161503759 | 2010 | 629 pages | PDF | 4 MB

Significance of Yavneh & Other Essays in Jewish Hellenism
This volume collects thirty essays by Shaye J.D. Cohen. First published between 1980 and 2006, these essays deal with a wide variety of themes and texts: Jewish Hellenism; Josephus; the Synagogue; Conversion to Judaism; Blood and Impurity; the boundary between Judaism and Christianity. What unites them is their philological orientation. Many of these essays are close studies of obscure passages in Jewish and Christian texts.
The essays are united too by their common assumption that the ancient world was a single cultural continuum; that ancient Judaism, in all its expressions and varieties, was a Hellenism; and that texts written in Hebrew share a world of discourse with those written in Greek. Many of these essays are well-known and have been much discussed in contemporary scholarship. Among these are: "The Significance of Yavneh" (the title essay), "Patriarchs and Scholarchs," "Masada: Literary Tradition, Archaeological Remains, and the Credibility of Josephus," "Epigraphical Rabbis," "The Conversion of Antoninus," "Menstruants and the Sacred in Judaism and Christianity," and "A Brief History of Jewish Circumcision Blood."
Survey of contents:
Jewish Hellenism The Beauty of Flora and the Beauty of Sarai – Sosates the Jewish Homer – The Destruction: From Scripture to Midrash – The Significance of Yavneh – Patriarchs and Scholarchs – False Prophets (4Q339), Netinim (4Q340), and Hellenism at Qumran
Josephus Josephus, Jeremiah, and Polybius – History and Historiography in the Against Apion of Josephus – Masada: Literary Tradition, Archaeological Remains, and the Credibility of Josephus – Parallel Historical Tradition in Josephus and Rabbinic Literature – Alexander the Great and Jaddus the High Priest According to Josephus – Respect for Judaism by Gentiles in the Writings of Josephus – Ioudaios to genos and Related Expressions in Josephus
Synagogues and Rabbis Epigraphical Rabbis – Pagan and Christian Evidence on the Ancient Synagogue – Were Pharisees and Rabbis the Leaders of Communal Prayer and Torah Study in Antiquity? The Evidence of the New Testament, Josephus, and the Early Church Fathers – The Place of the Rabbi in the Jewish Society of the Second Century
Conversion and Intermarriage Was Judaism in Antiquity a Missionary Religion? – Adolf Harnack's The Mission and Expansion of Judaism: Christianity Succeeds where Judaism Fails – Is `Proselyte Baptism' Mentioned in the Mishnah? The Interpretation of M. Pesahim 8:8 – The Conversion of Antoninus – On Murdering or Injuring a Proselyte – Solomon and the Daughter of Pharaoh: Intermarriage, Conversion, and the Impurity of Women
Women and Blood Menstruants and the Sacred in Judaism and Christianity – Purity, Piety, and Polemic: Medieval Rabbinic Denunciations of `Incorrect' Purification Practices – A Brief History of Jewish Circumcision Blood
Judaism and Christianity Judaism without Circumcision and `Judaism' without `Circumcision' in Ignatius – Between Judaism and Christianity: the Semi-Circumcision of Christians According to Bernard Gui, his Sources, and R. Eliezer of Metz – Does Rashi's Torah Commentary Respond to Christianity? A Comparison of Rashi with Rashbam and Bekhor Shor – A Virgin Defiled: Some Rabbinic and Christian Views on the Origins of Heresy
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ADP-Ribosylation in Animal Tissues: Structure, Function, and Biology of Mono (ADP-ribosyl) Transferases and Related Enzymes

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ADP-Ribosylation in Animal Tissues: Structure, Function, and Biology of Mono (ADP-ribosyl) Transferases and Related Enzymes by Friedrich Haag
English | Dec 21, 2012 | ISBN: 1461346525 | 471 Pages | PDF | 35 MB
Although ADP-ribosylation has been known as a post-translational modification of proteins for approximately thirty years, the study of endogenous mono-ADP-ribosylation in animal tissues has remained somewhat of an orphan field during this time.

ADP-Ribosylation in Animal Tissues: Structure, Function, and Biology of Mono (ADP-ribosyl) Transferases and Related Enzymes
Until recently, interest in the field has concentrated on two types of phenomena: (I) poly-ADP-ribosylation of nuclear proteins in eukaryotes as a mechanism possibly involved in DNA excision repair and (2) mono-ADP-ribosylation by bacterial enzymes, either as a toxic mechanism in eukaryotic host cells or as a reversible regulatory mechanism for control of nitrogen fixation. The identification of diphtheria, cholera, and pertussis toxins as mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferases and their subsequent purification and crystallization have shaped our current knowledge of the biology of mono-ADP-ribosylation reactions and the structure-function relationships of the enzymes involved. In contrast, endogenous transferases of animal tissues escaped molecular cloning, and for a long time their biological relevance was merely postulated by analogy to their bacterial cousins.
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Downstream Industrial Biotechnology: Recovery and Purification

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Michael C. Flickinger, "Downstream Industrial Biotechnology: Recovery and Purification"
English | ISBN: 111813124X | 2014 | 872 pages | PDF | 18 MB

Downstream Industrial Biotechnology: Recovery and Purification
Universities worldwide are establishing biomanufacturing centers, and demand is growing for a workforce trained in this discipline. Downstream Recovery and Purification is an affordable, accessible desk reference on biomanufacturing for professionals, instructors, and students. With information on equipment, process and facility design, cGMP operation, and regulatory compliance, it is based on Wiley's 7-volume Encyclopedia of Industrial Biotechnology, Bioprocess, Bioseparation, and Cell Technology and features more than 50 carefully selected articles. Students and professionals alike will value this practical guide.
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Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI

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Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI by Golla Eranna
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1482232812 | 430 pages | PDF | 15 MB

Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI
Silicon, as a single-crystal semiconductor, has sparked a revolution in the field of electronics and touched nearly every field of science and technology. Though available abundantly as silica and in various other forms in nature, silicon is difficult to separate from its chemical compounds because of its reactivity. As a solid, silicon is chemically inert and stable, but growing it as a single crystal creates many technological challenges.
is one of the first books to cover the systematic growth of silicon single crystals and the complete evaluation of silicon, from sand to useful wafers for device fabrication. Written for engineers and researchers working in semiconductor fabrication industries, this practical text:
* Describes different techniques used to grow silicon single crystals
* Explains how grown single-crystal ingots become a complete silicon wafer for integrated-circuit fabrication
* Reviews different methods to evaluate silicon wafers to determine suitability for device applications
* Analyzes silicon wafers in terms of resistivity and impurity concentration mapping
* Examines the effect of intentional and unintentional impurities
* Explores the defects found in regular silicon-crystal lattice
* Discusses silicon wafer preparation for VLSI and ULSI processing
is an essential reference for different approaches to the selection of the basic silicon-containing compound, separation of silicon as metallurgical-grade pure silicon, subsequent purification, single-crystal growth, and defects and evaluation of the deviations within the grown crystals.
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Burst of Breath: Indigenous Ritual Wind Instruments in Lowland South America

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Burst of Breath: Indigenous Ritual Wind Instruments in Lowland South America by Jonathan David Hill and Jean-Pierre Chaumeil
English | 2011 | ISBN: 0803220928 | ISBN-13: 9780803220928 | 440 pages | PDF | 43,3 MB
The first in-depth, comparative, and interdisciplinary study of indigenous Amazonian musical cultures, Burst of Breath showcases new research on the dynamic range of ritual power and social significance of various wind instruments-including flutes, trumpets, clarinets, and whistles-played in sacred rituals and ceremonies in Lowland South America.

Burst of Breath: Indigenous Ritual Wind Instruments in Lowland South America
The editors provide a detailed overview of the historical significance, scientific classification, shamanic and cosmological associations, and changing social meanings of ritual wind instruments within Amazonian cultures. These essays present a wide perspective that goes beyond better-documented areas such as the Upper Xingu and northwest Amazon. Some of the authors explore the ways ritual wind instruments are used to introduce natural sounds into social contexts and to cross boundaries between verbal and nonverbal communication. Others look at how ritual wind instruments and their music enter into local definitions and negotiations of relations between men, women, kin, insiders, and outsiders.

Closely considering these instruments in their many roles and contexts-in curing and purification, negotiating relations, connecting mythic ancestors and humans today-this volume reveals the power and complexity of the music at the heart of collective rituals across lowland South America.
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Hydrometallurgy: Principles and Applications

Thomas Havlik, "Hydrometallurgy: Principles and Applications"
English | ISBN: 1420070444 | 2008 | PDF | 500 pages | 5.9 MB
Hydrometallurgy: Principles and Applications focuses on the theoretical principles and engineering aspects of hydrometallurgical processes. Written in a reader-friendly style, it offers complete coverage of leaching, including in-situ, heap, dump, and vat leaching.

Subsequent chapters examine solution concentration and purification methods, such as solvent extraction and ion exchange, as well as metal recovery via electrolysis and precipitation. Illustrating the practical aspects of hydrometallurgy, the book also analyzes the production of copper as a real-world example of where chalcopyrite leaching is the main process used for extracting copper from sulfide minerals in the industry.

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