Tag Archives: reaction

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai

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"Advances in Crystallization Processes" ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535105817 9789535105817 | 659 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book provides the latest research developments in many aspects of crystallization including: chiral crystallization, crystallization of nanomaterials and the crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials. This book is of interest to both fundamental research and also to practicing scientists and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in the process industries as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia.

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. In recent years, a number of new applications have also come to rely on crystallization processes such as the crystallization of nano and amorphous materials.

Contents
Section 1 Chiral crystallization
1 Separation of the Mixtures of Chiral Compounds by Crystallization
2 Crystallization on Self Assembled Monolayers
3 Asymmetric Reaction Using Molecular Chirality Controlled by Spontaneous Crystallization
Section 2 Crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials
4 Preparation of Na+ Superionic Conductors by Crystallization of Glass
5 Crystallization Kinetics of Metallic Glasses
6 Crystallization Kinetics of Amorphous Materials
7 Thermodynamics of Enthalpy Relaxation and Hole Formation of Polymer Glasses
8 Crystallization Behavior and Control of Amorphous Alloys
Section 3 Crystallization of nanomaterials
9 Influence of Crystallization on the Properties of Sn02 Thin Films
10 Crystallization of Sub-Micrometer Sized ZSM-5 Zeolites in SDA-Free Systems
11 The Growth of Chalcedony (Nanocrystalline Silica) in Electric Organs from Living Marine Fish
12 Synthesis and Characterization of Crystalline Zirconium Titanate Obtained by Sol-Gel
13 Characterization of Sol-Gel-Derived and Crystallized ??2, Zr02, Zr02-Y203 Thin Films on Si(001) Wafers with High Dielectric Constant
14 Crystalization in Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles
Section 4 Bulk Crystallization from Aqueous Solutions
15 Separation of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate Crystal from Dissolver Solution of Irradiated Fast Neutron Reactor Fuel
16 Stable and Metastable Phase Equilibria in the Salt-Water Systems
17 'Salt Weathering' Distress on Concrete by Sulfates?
18 Crystallization, Alternation and Recrystallization of Sulphates
Section 5 General issues in crystallization
19 Synthetic Methods for Perovskite Materials – Structure and Morphology
20 Phase Behavior and Crystal Structure of Binary Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Mixtures
21 Structure of Pure Aluminum After Endogenous and Exogenous Inoculation
22 Phosphoramidates: Molecular Packing and Hydrogen Bond Strength in Compounds Having a P(0)(N)n(0)3-n (n = 1, 2, 3) Skeleton
23 Synthesis and X-Ray Crystal Structure of a-Keggin-Type Aluminum-Substituted Polyoxotungstate
24 The Diffusion Model of Grown-ln Microdefects Formation During Crystallization of Dislocation-Free Silicon Single Crystals
25 Preparation of Carvedilol Spherical Crystals Having Solid Dispersion Structure by the Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method and Evaluation of Its in vitro Characteristics
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The Uncanny Valley in Games and Animation

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The Uncanny Valley in Games and Animation by Angela Tinwell
2014 | ISBN: 146658694X | English | 236 pages | PDF | 11 MB

The Uncanny Valley in Games and Animation
Advances in technology have enabled animators and video game designers to design increasingly realistic, human-like characters in animation and games. Although it was intended that this increased realism would allow viewers to appreciate the emotional state of characters, research has shown that audiences often have a negative reaction as the human likeness of a character increases. This phenomenon, known as the Uncanny Valley, has become a benchmark for measuring if a character is believably realistic and authentically human like. This book is an essential guide on how to overcome the Uncanny Valley phenomenon when designing human-like characters in digital applications.

In this book, the author provides a synopsis of literature about the Uncanny Valley phenomenon and explains how it was introduced into contemporary thought. She then presents her theories on its possible psychological causes based on a series of empirical studies. The book focuses on how aspects of facial expression and speech can be manipulated to overcome the Uncanny Valley in character design.

presents a novel theory that goes beyond previous research in that the cause of the Uncanny Valley is based on a perceived lack of empathy in a character. This book makes an original, scholarly contribution to our current understanding of the Uncanny Valley phenomenon and fills a gap in the literature by assessing the biological and social roots of the Uncanny Valley and its implications for computer-graphics animation.
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Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials

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Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials by G. V. Kozlov, Yu G. Yanovskii
2014 | ISBN: 1771880414 | English | 384 pages | PDF | 11 MB

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials
This new book explores the consideration of relationships that connect the structural and basic mechanical properties of polymeric mediums within the frameworks of fractal analysis with cluster model representations attraction. Incidentally, the choice of any structural model of medium or their combinations is defined by expediency and further usage convenience only. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly changing and evolving field.

The book presents descriptions of the main reactions of high-molecular substances within the frameworks of fractal analysis and irreversible aggregation models. Synergetics and percolation theory were also used. In spite of the enormous number of papers dealing with the influence of the medium on the rate of chemical reactions (including synthesis of polymers), no strict quantitative theory capable of "universal" application has been put forward up until now. It is now possible to describe the relationship between the reaction rate constants and the equilibrium constants with the nature of the medium in which the reactions take place by means of a single equation. This important book for the first time gives structural and physical grounds of polymers synthesis and curing, and the fractal analysis is used for this purpose.

This new book:

* Highlights some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes

* Focuses on topics with more advanced methods

* Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details

* Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles

* Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex polymeric materials
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Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials

FREEDownload : Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials by G. V. Kozlov, Yu G. Yanovskii
2014 | ISBN: 1771880414 | English | 384 pages | PDF | 11 MB

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Complex Polymeric Materials
This new book explores the consideration of relationships that connect the structural and basic mechanical properties of polymeric mediums within the frameworks of fractal analysis with cluster model representations attraction. Incidentally, the choice of any structural model of medium or their combinations is defined by expediency and further usage convenience only. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly changing and evolving field.

The book presents descriptions of the main reactions of high-molecular substances within the frameworks of fractal analysis and irreversible aggregation models. Synergetics and percolation theory were also used. In spite of the enormous number of papers dealing with the influence of the medium on the rate of chemical reactions (including synthesis of polymers), no strict quantitative theory capable of "universal" application has been put forward up until now. It is now possible to describe the relationship between the reaction rate constants and the equilibrium constants with the nature of the medium in which the reactions take place by means of a single equation. This important book for the first time gives structural and physical grounds of polymers synthesis and curing, and the fractal analysis is used for this purpose.

This new book:

* Highlights some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes

* Focuses on topics with more advanced methods

* Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details

* Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles

* Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex polymeric materials
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Mechanisms of Implicit Learning: Connectionist Models of Sequence Processing

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Mechanisms of Implicit Learning: Connectionist Models of Sequence Processing By Axel Cleeremans
Publisher: The M.I.T Press 1993 | 243 Pages | ISBN: 0262032058 | CHM | 1 MB

Mechanisms of Implicit Learning: Connectionist Models of Sequence Processing
What do people learn when they do not know that they are learning? Until recently all of the work in the area of implicit learning focused on empirical questions and methods. In this book, Axel Cleeremans explores unintentional learning from an information-processing perspective. He introduces a theoretical framework that unifies existing data and models on implicit learning, along with a detailed computational model of human performance in sequence-learning situations.The model, based on a simple recurrent network (SRN), is able to predict perfectly the successive elements of sequences generated from finite-state, grammars. Human subjects are shown to exhibit a similar sensitivity to the temporal structure in a series of choice reaction time experiments of increasing complexity; yet their explicit knowledge of the sequence remains limited.
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The Human Body PDF Books OF Body Parts

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The Human Body PDF Books OF Body Parts
English | PDF | E-book Collection | All in One | 382 MB

The Human Body PDF Books OF Body Parts
List

Book Name : 3D Modeling and Animation Synthesis and Analysis Techniques for the Human Body [Team Furious]
Book Author : Nikos Sarris,Micleal G.Strintzis
Book Release : 2004
Book Pages : 396
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Amazing Human Body [Team Furious]

Book Author : Richard Walker
Book Release : 2010
Book Pages : 64
Book Format : PDF

Book Language : English

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Book Name : Blood…. Physiology and Circulation [Team Furious]
Book Author : Kara Roger
Book Release : 2010
Book Pages : 239
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English
Book Info : Blood makes life possible. It nourishes cells throughout the body and delivers carbon dioxide to the lungs. Without it, the body would be unable to fight disease and infection or function at all. Readers are invited to follow the course of this extraordinary fluid as it circulates through the body and learn about its component parts. Detailed diagrams supplement the text and allow readers a glimpse into the anatomy and life sustaining properties of human blood.

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Book Name : Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade [Team Furious]
Book Author : Steph Wilkinson
Book Release : 2004
Book Pages : 264
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Bone and Muscle: Structure, Force, and Motion [Team Furious]
Book Author : Kara Roger
Book Release : 1991
Book Pages : 267
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Changing Bodies, Changing Meanings Studies on the Human Body in Antiquity [Team Furious]
Book Author : D.Monteserat
Book Pages : 256
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Computational Models for the Human Body: Special Volume XII [Team Furious]
Book Author : Nicholas Ayache
Book Release : 2002
Book Pages : 670
Book Format : PDF
Book Info : Provides a better understanding of the physiological and mechanical behaviour of the human body and the design of tools for their realistic numerical simulations, including concrete examples of such computational models. This book covers a large range of methods and an illustrative set of applications.
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Digestion and Nutrition (The Human Body: How It Works) [Team Furious]
Book Author : Robert Sullivan
Book Release : 2004
Book Pages : 120
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : DK Guide to the Human Body [Team Furious]
Book Author : Richard Walker
Book Release : 2009
Book Pages : 64
Book Format : PDF
Book Info : Revealed in fantastic computer-enhanced, three-dimensional pictures, the complex internal world of the human body is explored in DK Guide to the Human Body. In different sections of the book, the ingenious processes involved in moving, breathing, digesting food, producing babies, growing, and fighting off disease are explained in clear, lively text. The elaborate network of nerves that reach to the body's furthest extremities and carry data back to the brain is explored in fascinating detail. With page after page of groundbreaking imaging techniques in DK Guide to the Human Body, the layers of skin, flesh, bones, and other organs can be explored as they never have been before. Unravel 22 feet of small intestine and find out what happens to the good that travels through it at different stages of its journey. Be amazed by the power of the human eye and its ability to relay to the brain the difference between 10,000 different colors. Discover how the kidneys, at only 4 inches long, process the body's entire blood volume approximately 15 times each hour, 24 hours a day. Fantastic close-up photography shows the very cells that give our bodies substance and together make it run like a well-oiled and highly sophisticated machine. Front cover: A colored X-ray of the chest of an adult woman shows healthy lungs and heart. The two lungs — in blue and orange — can be seen through the ribs on each side of the central breastbone. The lungs supply the body with oxygen and carry away carbon dioxide. The heart — in deep red — occupies the space at lower center right. It pumps blood to and from the lungs and throughout the body.
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Encyclopedia of Human Body Systems 2 volumes [Team Furious]
Book Author : Julie McDowell
Book Release : 2010
Book Pages : 667
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Eye Wonder: Human Body [Team Furious]
Book Author : DK Publishing
Book Release : 2004
Book Pages : 48
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Human Body Encyclopedia [Team Furious]
Book Author : Penny Smith
Book Release : 2005
Book Pages : 128
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Human Body Experiments [Team Furious]

Book Author : Pamela Walker, Elaine Wood
Book Release : 2010
Book Pages : 167
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Illustrated Guide to the Human Body: The Respiratory System [Team Furious]

Book Author : Diagram Group
Book Release : 1981
Book Pages : 113
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Just The Facts Of Human Body [Team Furious]
Book Author : School Specialty Publishing
Book Release : 1988
Book Pages : 64
Book Format : PDF

Book Language : English

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Book Name : Mediating The Human Body [Team Furious]
Book Author : Leopolding Fortunat,James Bcatz,Raimonda Riccini
Book Release : 2009
Book Pages : 392
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Metagenomics of the Human Body [Team Furious]
Book Author : Karen E. Nelson
Book Release : 2010
Book Pages : 351
Book Format : PDF
Book Info : The book brings a completely different perspective than available books by combining the information gained from the human genome with that derived from parallel metagenomic studies, and new results from investigating the effects of these microbes on the host immune system. Although there are a number of books that focus on the human genome that are currently available, there are no books that bring to the forefront the mix of the human genome and the genomes and metagenomes of the microbial species that live within and on us.
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Digestive System [Team Furious]
Book Author : Kara Roger
Book Release : 2011
Book Pages : 258
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Facts On File Illustrated Guide To The Human Body: Cells and Genetics [Team Furious]
Book Author : Facts on File
Book Release : 2000
Book Pages : 113
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Human Body An Overview (21st Century Health and Wellness) [Team Furious]
Book Author : Marry Kittredge
Book Release : 2007
Book Pages : 144
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Respiratory System [Team Furious]

Book Author : Kara Roger
Book Release : 1989
Book Pages : 234
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Senses [Team Furious]
Book Author : Ruth Bajorklund
Book Release : 2005
Book Pages : 76
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Your Inner Fish: A Journey into the 3.5-Billion-Year History of the Human Body [Team Furious]
Book Author : Neil Shubin
Book Release : 2007
Book Pages : 240
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Muscles [Team Furious]
Book Author : L.H Colligan
Book Release : 2002
Book Pages : 78
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Endorine System [Team Furious]
Book Author : Lynette Rushton
Book Release : 1998
Book Pages : 125
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Facts on File Illustrated Guide to the Human Body: Digestive System [Team Furious]
Book Author : Diagram Group
Book Release : 1981
Book Pages : 113
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Illustrated Guide To The Human Body: Skeletal And Muscular System [Team Furious]
Book Author : Facts on File
Book Release : 2002
Book Pages : 112
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Nervous System [Team Furious]
Book Author : F.Fay Bvans-Martin
Book Release : 2004
Book Pages : 222
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Facts On File Illustrated Guide To The Human Body: Heart and Circulatory System [Team Furious]
Book Author : Facts on File
Book Release : 1981
Book Pages : 112
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Eye: The Physiology of Human Perception [Team Furious]
Book Author : Kara Roger
Book Release : 2001
Book Pages : 250
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : Nervous System [Team Furious]
Book Author : Geogrge Copaccio
Book Release : 2005
Book Pages : 80
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Brain and the Nervous System [Team Furious]
Book Author : Kara Roger
Book Release : 1968
Book Pages : 280
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Facts On File Illustrated Guide To The Human Body [Team Furious]
Book Author : The Diagram Group
Book Release : 2007
Book Pages : 896
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Facts On File Illustrated Guide to the Human Body….. Reproductive System [Team Furious]
Book Author : The Diagram Group
Book Release : 1938
Book Pages : 112
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Reproductive System [Team Furious]
Book Author : Kara Roger
Book Release : 2010
Book Pages : 264
Book Format : PDF
Book Language : English

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Book Name : The Usborne Complete Book of the Human Body [Team Furious]

Book Author : Anna Claybourne, Stephen Moncrieff, Juliet Percival
Book Release : 2006
Book Pages : 119
Book Format : PDF
Book Info : Would you like to take a look at vocal cords? Would you like to see the longest fingernails on record!? Real photos and drawings teach fascinating facts about our marvelous human body! Covers cells, brain, DNA, muscles, bones, circulation, breathing, digestion, and more-use this for a thorough semester study of the human body. Experiments and activities show you how to take your pulse, test your reaction time, fool your brain with optical illusions and more. Paperback, 112 pages, ages 9-12 years.
Book Language : English

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Book Name : A guide to dissection of the human body [Team Furious]

Book Author : F. Peter Lisowski
Book Release : 2004
Book Pages : 435
Book Format : PDF
Book Info : In this second edition of A Guide to Dissection of the Human Body, certain dissecting instructions have been revised to increase clarity. Methodical and comprehensive, the guide complements various anatomy courses. The terminology has been checked and brought up to date, in accordance with the latest version of Terminologia Anatomica (1998). The major aim of this guide remains – to provide a well-rounded dissecting manual that reinforces, but does not replace, a textbook of human anatomy. The details of human anatomy covered here are of interest and importance primarily in a medical context. To this end the guide has been designed for medical, dental, osteopathy and physiotherapy students, and for students of alternative medicine where dissection of the human body is required. It has also been planned for postgraduate students proceeding to specialise in the various clinical (surgical, radiological, emergency medical, and gynaecological) sciences and thus need to revise their anatomical knowledge through dissection. It has to be stressed, learning anatomy is most efficient and retention is highest when didactic study is combined with the experience of dissection. In using this method one observes, palpates and moves parts of the body. It is a three-dimensional and visuo-tactile approach to the examination of the human body. Undoubtedly dissection reinforces and expands the knowledge gained from the textbook and from atlases and computerized-anatomy programs. The Guide is flexible enough for use in long as well as short courses, and is thus structured in such a way that the dissection of the body can be completed in 100 to 160 hours. It provides a link to real, living and variable anatomy.
Book Language : English

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From Nuclear Transmutation to Nuclear Fission, 1932-1939

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From Nuclear Transmutation to Nuclear Fission, 1932-1939
English | Physics | November 2002 | ISBN-10: 0750308656 | 304 pages | pdf | 2 mb
From Nuclear Transmutation to Nuclear Fission, 1932-1939 deals with a particular phase in the early history of nuclear physics: the race among four laboratory teams to be the first to achieve the transmutation of atomic nuclei with artificially accelerated nuclear projectiles (protons) in high-voltage discharge tubes.

From Nuclear Transmutation to Nuclear Fission, 1932-1939
This volume covers the background of the development of particle accelerators in the 1920s, the growth of the laboratories and their teams, the race itself, and its aftermath. The book provides an overview of the history of nuclear physics, from Ernest Rutherford's nuclear atom of 1911 to nuclear fission on the eve of World War II. It focuses on the details of the laboratory "race," which was won by the English team in 1932. The volume also covers the reaction of the different laboratories to the discovery of nuclear fission, their wartime roles, and a brief epilogue on the later careers of the principal personalities.
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Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2

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Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2 by Gijsbert van der Marel and Jeroen Codee
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1439875944 | 333 pages | PDF | 6 MB
Long gone are the days when synthetic publications included parallel preparative experiments to document reproducibility of the experimental protocols and when journals required such documentation.

Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2
The new Proven Synthetic Methods Series addresses concerns to chemists regarding irreproducibility of synthetic protocols, lack of characterization data for new compounds, and inflated yields reported in many chemical communications-trends that have recently become a serious problem.
Volume One of Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods includes more detailed versions of protocols previously published for the synthesis of oligosaccharides, C-glycosyl compounds, sugar nucleotides, click chemistry, thioglycosides, and thioimidates, among others. The compilation of protocols covers both common and less frequently used synthetic methods as well as examples of syntheses of selected carbohydrate intermediates with general utility. The major focus of this book is devoted to the proper practice of state-of-the-art preparative procedures, including:
* References to the starting materials used, reaction setup, work-up and isolation of products, followed by identification and proof of purity of the final material
* General information regarding convenience of operation and comments on safety issues
* Versatile and practically useful methods that have not received deserved, long-lasting recognition or that are difficult to access from their primary sources
* Copies of 1D NMR spectra of compounds prepared, showing purity of materials readers can expect
Exploring carbohydrate chemistry from the academic points of view, the Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods Series provides a compendium of preparatively useful procedures checked by chemists from independent research groups.
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Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2

FREEDownload : Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2

Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2 by Gijsbert van der Marel and Jeroen Codee
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1439875944 | 333 pages | PDF | 6 MB
Long gone are the days when synthetic publications included parallel preparative experiments to document reproducibility of the experimental protocols and when journals required such documentation.

Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods, Volume 2
The new Proven Synthetic Methods Series addresses concerns to chemists regarding irreproducibility of synthetic protocols, lack of characterization data for new compounds, and inflated yields reported in many chemical communications-trends that have recently become a serious problem.
Volume One of Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods includes more detailed versions of protocols previously published for the synthesis of oligosaccharides, C-glycosyl compounds, sugar nucleotides, click chemistry, thioglycosides, and thioimidates, among others. The compilation of protocols covers both common and less frequently used synthetic methods as well as examples of syntheses of selected carbohydrate intermediates with general utility. The major focus of this book is devoted to the proper practice of state-of-the-art preparative procedures, including:
* References to the starting materials used, reaction setup, work-up and isolation of products, followed by identification and proof of purity of the final material
* General information regarding convenience of operation and comments on safety issues
* Versatile and practically useful methods that have not received deserved, long-lasting recognition or that are difficult to access from their primary sources
* Copies of 1D NMR spectra of compounds prepared, showing purity of materials readers can expect
Exploring carbohydrate chemistry from the academic points of view, the Carbohydrate Chemistry: Proven Synthetic Methods Series provides a compendium of preparatively useful procedures checked by chemists from independent research groups.
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Microwave-Assisted Organic Synthesis: A Green Chemical Approach

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Suresh C. Ameta and Pinki B. Punjabi, "Microwave-Assisted Organic Synthesis: A Green Chemical Approach"
English | ISBN: 1771880392 | 2015 | 412 pages | PDF | 34 MB

Microwave-Assisted Organic Synthesis: A Green Chemical Approach
The large-scale production of chemicals to meet various societal needs has created environmental pollution, including pollution from byproducts and improper disposal of waste. With the world facing adverse consequences due to this pollution, green chemistry is increasingly being viewed as a means to address this concern.

Since most organic syntheses require toxic solvents, more reaction time, and drastic conditions of temperature, conventional methods of organic synthesis are less preferred. Microwave-assisted organic synthesis is considered to be a promising green chemical approach because it reduces reaction time from days or hours to minutes or even seconds, and has many other advantages. It helps reduce side reactions and increase yields, uses fewer solvents or is almost solvent-free, has solid supported reactions, and improves purity.

This book’s main focus is microwave-assisted organic synthesis processes, particularly various reactions such as cycloaddition, rearrangement, elimination, substitution, oxidation, reduction, condensation, coupling, polymerization, nanomaterials, synthesis of heterocycles, and industrial applications under microwave irradiation. The time is not far off when this methodology will virtually replace existing and cumbersome methods of organic synthesis.
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