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“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai

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"Advances in Crystallization Processes" ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535105817 9789535105817 | 659 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book provides the latest research developments in many aspects of crystallization including: chiral crystallization, crystallization of nanomaterials and the crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials. This book is of interest to both fundamental research and also to practicing scientists and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in the process industries as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia.

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. In recent years, a number of new applications have also come to rely on crystallization processes such as the crystallization of nano and amorphous materials.

Contents
Section 1 Chiral crystallization
1 Separation of the Mixtures of Chiral Compounds by Crystallization
2 Crystallization on Self Assembled Monolayers
3 Asymmetric Reaction Using Molecular Chirality Controlled by Spontaneous Crystallization
Section 2 Crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials
4 Preparation of Na+ Superionic Conductors by Crystallization of Glass
5 Crystallization Kinetics of Metallic Glasses
6 Crystallization Kinetics of Amorphous Materials
7 Thermodynamics of Enthalpy Relaxation and Hole Formation of Polymer Glasses
8 Crystallization Behavior and Control of Amorphous Alloys
Section 3 Crystallization of nanomaterials
9 Influence of Crystallization on the Properties of Sn02 Thin Films
10 Crystallization of Sub-Micrometer Sized ZSM-5 Zeolites in SDA-Free Systems
11 The Growth of Chalcedony (Nanocrystalline Silica) in Electric Organs from Living Marine Fish
12 Synthesis and Characterization of Crystalline Zirconium Titanate Obtained by Sol-Gel
13 Characterization of Sol-Gel-Derived and Crystallized ??2, Zr02, Zr02-Y203 Thin Films on Si(001) Wafers with High Dielectric Constant
14 Crystalization in Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles
Section 4 Bulk Crystallization from Aqueous Solutions
15 Separation of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate Crystal from Dissolver Solution of Irradiated Fast Neutron Reactor Fuel
16 Stable and Metastable Phase Equilibria in the Salt-Water Systems
17 'Salt Weathering' Distress on Concrete by Sulfates?
18 Crystallization, Alternation and Recrystallization of Sulphates
Section 5 General issues in crystallization
19 Synthetic Methods for Perovskite Materials – Structure and Morphology
20 Phase Behavior and Crystal Structure of Binary Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Mixtures
21 Structure of Pure Aluminum After Endogenous and Exogenous Inoculation
22 Phosphoramidates: Molecular Packing and Hydrogen Bond Strength in Compounds Having a P(0)(N)n(0)3-n (n = 1, 2, 3) Skeleton
23 Synthesis and X-Ray Crystal Structure of a-Keggin-Type Aluminum-Substituted Polyoxotungstate
24 The Diffusion Model of Grown-ln Microdefects Formation During Crystallization of Dislocation-Free Silicon Single Crystals
25 Preparation of Carvedilol Spherical Crystals Having Solid Dispersion Structure by the Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method and Evaluation of Its in vitro Characteristics
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Ultrahigh-Pressure Metamorphism: 25 Years After The Discovery Of Coesite And Diamond [Repost]

Larissa F. Dobrzhinetskaya, Shah Wali Faryad, Simon Wallis, Simon Cuthbert – Ultrahigh-Pressure Metamorphism: 25 Years After The Discovery Of Coesite And Diamond
Published: 2011-03-28 | ISBN: 0123851440 | PDF | 696 pages | 43 MB

Ultrahigh pressure metamorphism (UHPM) is a relatively new but fast growing discipline related to the deep subduction of slabs of continental and/or oceanic crust into the Earth's mantle and their return towards the surface as important components of mountain belts. The discipline was established ~25 years ago after discoveries of high pressure minerals, coesite and diamond, in the rocks of the continental affinities, a place where such minerals are "forbiden”according to main geological concepts. Exposures of HP/UHP rocks, once thought to be restricted to European Mountain systems, are being found in Asia, Africa, South and North Americas and Greenland. They provide us with valuable information on the mineral assemblages, fluid inclusions, microstructures, rheologies, major and trace element chemistries, stable and radiogenic isotope characteristics and timing relationships in slabs that have been subducted to depth up to some 200-250 km. Geologic processes under UHP conditions are by their very nature difficult to unravel because of the intense overprinting experienced by the rocks on their way back up to the Earth's surface. However, detailed studies in outcrops and in mineral/rock slides in laboratories with the aid of advanced state-of-art analytical instruments and techniques provide unprecedented integrated knowledge about processes operating in deep Earth's horizons at converging plate boundaries. UHPM rocks consist of the fragments of continental and oceanic crustal rocks and associated mafic-ultramafic intrusions and/or mantle peridotite initially formed at shallow lithosphere, but which subsequently have experienced a recrystallization within or above coesite and diamond stability fields (>2.7 – 4 GPa, ~700 – 1000oC). Before coesite and diamond discoveries, the eclogites and peridotites that are characteristic of UHPM terranes were considered geological curiosities of limited occurrence and significance. The number of Geoscientists working on HP/UHP and related rocks has been increasing steadily each year as their significance has become more and more apparent, numbering now several hundred extremely active international scientists.The current explosion of research on UHPM terranes reflects their significance for understanding large scale mantle dynamics, major elements of plate tectonics such as continental collisions, deep subduction and exhumation, mountains building, geochemical recycling "from surface to the core”, and a deep storage of light elements participating in green-house effects in the atmosphere.

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