Tag Archives: rivalries

1494: How a Family Feud in Medieval Spain Divided the World in Half

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Stephen R. Bown, "1494: How a Family Feud in Medieval Spain Divided the World in Half"
English | 2012-02-14 | ISBN: 0312616120, 1553655567 | 304 pages | EPUB, MOBI | 5 MB

1494: How a Family Feud in Medieval Spain Divided the World in Half
In 1494, award-winning author Stephen R. Bown tells the untold story of the explosive feud between monarchs, clergy, and explorers that split the globe between Spain and Portugal and made the world's oceans a battleground.

When Columbus triumphantly returned from America to Spain in 1493, his discoveries inflamed an already-smouldering conflict between Spain's renowned monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabella, and Portugal's João II. Which nation was to control the world's oceans? To quell the argument, Pope Alexander VI-the notorious Rodrigo Borgia-issued a proclamation laying the foundation for the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494, an edict that created an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean dividing the entire known (and unknown) world between Spain and Portugal.

Just as the world's oceans were about to be opened by Columbus's epochal voyage, the treaty sought to limit the seas to these two favored Catholic nations. The edict was to have a profound influence on world history: it propelled Spain and Portugal to superpower status, steered many other European nations on a collision course, and became the central grievance in two centuries of international espionage, piracy, and warfare.

The treaty also began the fight for "the freedom of the seas"-the epic struggle to determine whether the world's oceans, and thus global commerce, would be controlled by the decree of an autocrat or be open to the ships of any nation-a distinctly modern notion, championed in the early seventeenth century by the Dutch legal theorist Hugo Grotius, whose arguments became the foundation of international law.

At the heart of one of the greatest international diplomatic and political agreements of the last five centuries were the strained relationships and passions of a handful of powerful individuals. They were linked by a shared history, mutual animosity, and personal obligations-quarrels, rivalries, and hatreds that dated back decades. Yet the struggle ultimately stemmed from a young woman's determination to defy tradition and the king, and to choose her own husband.
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Amphibious Thing: The Life of Lord Hervey

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Amphibious Thing: The Life of Lord Hervey by Lucy Moore
English | Dec 22, 2014 | ISBN: 067087986X, 0140273646 | ASIN: B00RD0FUAU | 351 Pages | EPUB/MOBI/AZW3/PDF (Converted) | 4 MB
Lord Hervey — strikingly handsome courtier, confidant of Queen Caroline and right-hand man to Prime Minister Walpole — was the darling of the glittering court of George II.

Amphibious Thing: The Life of Lord Hervey
Painted by Hogarth and satirized by Fielding and Pope, he counted among his friends and enemies some of the most brilliant men and women of the eighteenth century.

In private, however, he led a rakish life that was — even by the mores of the age’s debauched aristocracy — scandalous.

In ‘Amphibious Thing’, Lucy Moore brings to life the intrigues, the illicit liaisons and the petty rivalries that surrounded Lord Hervey and that finally led to his fall from grace.

‘An entertaining portrait of eighteenth century aristocratic society, filled with juicy anecdotes, flamboyant characters and wild eccentricity.’ – Mail on Sunday

‘A highly intelligent, supremely enjoyable biographical study of the life and times of a celebrated rake and a brilliant picture of eighteenth-century aristocratic life in all its brittle artifice.’ – Robert McCrum, Observer

‘In Moore’s deft hands Lord Hervey becomes the peg on which to hang a far larger picture, and this excellent book has much of importance to say about the society, politics and attitudes of his day…Moore is an exciting historian with a keen eye for the eccentric and offbeat…an exemplary work.’ – New Statesman

‘A vivid survey of courtly life, with its elaborate feasts and intimate parlour games, polite formal rituals and spiteful personal squabbles.’ – The Times Literary Supplement

‘The court life, wit, clothes and sheer flamboyance of the era comes brilliantly alive.’ – Daily Telegraph

Lucy Moore was born in 1970 and educated in Britain and the United States before reading history at Edinburgh University. She is the editor of ‘Con Men and Cutpurses: Scenes from the Hogarthian Underworld’, and the author of the critically acclaimed ‘The Thieves’ Opera: The Remarkable Lives and Deaths of Jonathan Wild, Thief-Taker, and Jack Sheppard, House-Breaker’.
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3200 Old-Time Cuts and Ornaments (Dover Pictorial Archive)

Blanche Cirker, "3200 Old-Time Cuts and Ornaments (Dover Pictorial Archive)"
English | ISBN: 0486417328 | 2001 | EPUB | 112 pages | 32,4 MB
Royalty-free illustrations from 1909 French typography foundry catalog: more than 100 plates, over 3,200 pictures and motifs, including fruits, flowers, plants, and trees; animals; stray eyes and ears; playing cards; angels, saints, and religious motifs; musical instruments; carriages and sailing vessels; sporting events; plus ornamental borders, mortised cuts, banners, wreaths, and other line art.

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Asia Rising: Who is Leading?

Acharya Amitav, "Asia Rising: Who is Leading?"
2013 | ISBN-10: 9812771336 | 216 pages | PDF | 3,6 MB
China, India and Japan are among the biggest players in the global economy today. However, Asia's ability to lead the world depends not just on the impressive growth rates or the immense natural resources and human talent of its leading nations; rather, it hinges on the region's ability to overcome its internal rivalries and respond to new transnational challenges. Conflict and cooperation are the two central themes of this book – a collection of commentaries and opinion pieces by Professor Amitav Acharya from various newspapers and publications from 2002 to 2006. It covers a wide range of issues such as the rise of China, Asia's leadership legacy and the role of ASEAN. Also discussed are the fate of democracy in Asia, and the implications of transnational dangers and the changing world order for Asia.

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