Tag Archives: Rousseau's

Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment

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Natasha Gill, "Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment"
English | 2010 | ISBN-10: 0754662896 | 304 pages | PDF | 4 MB

Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment
Though Emile is still considered the central pedagogical text of the French Enlightenment, a myriad of lesser-known thinkers paved the way for Rousseau's masterpiece. Natasha Gill traces the arc of these thinkers as they sought to reveal the correlation between early childhood experiences and the success or failure of social and political relations, and set the terms for the modern debate about the influence of nature and nurture in individual growth and collective life. Gill offers a comprehensive analysis of the rich cross-fertilization between educational and philosophical thought in the French Enlightenment. She begins by showing how in Some Thoughts Concerning Education John Locke set the stage for the French debate by transposing key themes from his philosophy into an educational context. Her treatment of the abbe Claude Fleury, the rector of the University of Paris Charles Rollin, and Swiss educator Jean-Pierre de Crousaz illustrates the extent to which early Enlightenment theorists reevaluated childhood and learning methods on the basis of sensationist psychology. Etienne-Gabriel Morelly, usually studied as a marginal thinker in the history of utopian thought, is here revealed as the most important precursor to Rousseau, and the first theorist to claim education as the vehicle through which individual liberation, social harmony and political unity could be achieved. Gill concludes with an analysis of the educational-philosophical dispute between Helvetius and Rousseau, and traces the influence of pedagogical theory on the political debate surrounding the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1762.

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An Introduction to Political Philosophy

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Jonathan Wolff, "An Introduction to Political Philosophy"
English | ISBN: 0192892517 | 1996 | 247 pages | DJVU | 4 MB

An Introduction to Political Philosophy
This book looks at the central problems involved in political philosophy and the various past attempts to solve these problems. What would life be like without the state, for example? What justifies the state? Who should rule? How much liberty should the citizen enjoy? How should property justly be distributed? Jonathan Wolff looks at these stimulating questions in the light of works like Plato'sRepublic, Hobbes' Leviathan, Locke's Two Treatises of Government, Rousseau's Social Contact, Mill's On Liberty, Marx's Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts and Rawls' Theory of Justice, and considers the debates which have developed between various philosophers. In this final chapter he also considers more recent issues, particularly that of feminist political theory.
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Rousseau’s Hand: The Crafting of a Writer

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Rousseau's Hand: The Crafting of a Writer by Angelica A. Goodden
English | 2013 | ISBN: 0199683832 | 248 pages | PDF | 1,1 MB
For all the fame he won as a writer during a brief but astonishingly fertile period in the 1750s and early 1760s, Rousseau thought the making of books essentially foreign to his nature; what mattered most to him was making things.

Rousseau’s Hand: The Crafting of a Writer
Descended as he was from a long line of watchmakers, and raised in the artisanal heart of Geneva, he helped the promotion of craft associated with his one-time friend Diderot, whose Encyclopédie proclaimed the varied virtues of manual activity.

Taking as its point of departure the moral and monetary economy of craftsmanship in eighteenth-century Switzerland, this elegant and original study shows how family tradition and his own unfinished apprenticeship to an engraver led Rousseau to a radical questioning of central issues of the day, particularly in light of the moral utilitarianism of his age. Rousseau's Hand highlights the vital place of handwork in the artistic and social writings of his middle years — from novels and
plays to treatises and other forms of discourse — illuminating many matters traditionally seen as inconsistencies in his oeuvre as a whole.

Abandoning creative writing for music copying in middle life, Rousseau celebrated homo faber's integrity along with the practicality and usefulness of handwork in the face of depersonalizing technological advance; yet the writings in which he extolled these virtues won him persecution as well as European celebrity. The paradox of craft's material essence in what he thought a world of abhorrent materialism and the problematic mechanization of ordinary existence exercised him throughout his life.
Rousseau's Hand explores these preoccuptions.
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