Tag Archives: Spatial

Making Space: How the Brain Knows Where Things Are

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Jennifer M. Groh, "Making Space: How the Brain Knows Where Things Are"
English | ISBN: 0674863216 | 2014 | 218 pages | PDF | 5 MB

Making Space: How the Brain Knows Where Things Are
Knowing where things are seems effortless. Yet our brains devote tremendous computational power to figuring out the simplest details about spatial relationships. Going to the grocery store or finding our cell phone requires sleuthing and coordination across different sensory and motor domains. Making Space" traces this mental detective work to explain how the brain creates our sense of location. But it goes further, to make the case that spatial processing permeates all our cognitive abilities, and that the brain s systems for thinking about space may be the systems of thought itself. Our senses measure energy in the form of light, sound, and pressure on the skin, and our brains evaluate these measurements to make inferences about objects and boundaries. Jennifer Groh describes how eyes detect electromagnetic radiation, how the brain can locate sounds by measuring differences of less than one one-thousandth of a second in how long they take to reach each ear, and how the ear s balance organs help us monitor body posture and movement. The brain synthesizes all this neural information so that we can navigate three-dimensional space. But the brain s work doesn t end there. Spatial representations do double duty in aiding memory and reasoning. This is why it is harder to remember how to get somewhere if someone else is driving, and why, if we set out to do something and forget what it was, returning to the place we started can jog our memory. In making space the brain uses powers we did not know we have."
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Study and Design of Differential Microphone Arrays

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Jacob Benesty, Jingdong Chen, "Study and Design of Differential Microphone Arrays"
English | 2013 | ISBN-10: 364233752X, 3642427561 | 180 pages | PDF | 6 MB

Study and Design of Differential Microphone Arrays
Microphone arrays have attracted a lot of interest over the last few decades since they have the potential to solve many important problems such as noise reduction/speech enhancement, source separation, dereverberation, spatial sound recording, and source localization/tracking, to name a few. However, the design and implementation of microphone arrays with beamforming algorithms is not a trivial task when it comes to processing broadband signals such as speech. Indeed, in most sensor arrangements, the beamformer output tends to have a frequency-dependent response. One exception, perhaps, is the family of differential microphone arrays (DMAs) who have the promise to form frequency-independent responses. Moreover, they have the potential to attain high directional gains with small and compact apertures. As a result, this type of microphone arrays has drawn much research and development attention recently. This book is intended to provide a systematic study of DMAs from a signal processing perspective. The primary objective is to develop a rigorous but yet simple theory

for the design, implementation, and performance analysis of DMAs. The theory includes some signal processing techniques for the design of commonly used first-order, second-order, third-order, and also the general Nth-order DMAs. For each order, particular examples are given on how to form standard directional patterns such as the dipole, cardioid, supercardioid, hypercardioid, subcardioid, and quadrupole. The study demonstrates the performance of the different order DMAs in terms of beampattern, directivity factor, white noise gain, and gain for point sources. The inherent relationship between differential processing and adaptive beamforming is discussed, which provides a better understanding of DMAs and why they can achieve high directional gain. Finally, we show how to design DMAs that can be robust against white noise amplification.
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McKnight’s Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation, 11th international edition

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Darrel Hess and Dennis G. Tasa, "McKnight's Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation, 11th international edition"
English | ISBN: 1292020911 | 2014 | 680 pages | PDF | 463 MB

McKnight’s Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation, 11th international edition
Were you looking for the book with access to MasteringGeography? This product is the book alone and does NOT come with access to MasteringGeography. Buy the book and access card package to save money on this resource.

Continuing Tom L. McKnight's well-known thematic focus on landscape appreciation, Darrel Hess offers a broad survey of all of the physical processes and spatial patterns that create Earth's physical landscape. McKnight's Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation provides a clear writing style, superior art program, and abundant pedagogy to appeal to a wide variety of students. This new edition offers a truly meaningful integration of visualization, technology, the latest applied science, and new pedagogy, providing essential tools and opportunities to teach and engage students in these processes and patterns.

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McKnight’s Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation, 11th international edition

FREEDownload : McKnight’s Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation, 11th international edition

Darrel Hess and Dennis G. Tasa, "McKnight's Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation, 11th international edition"
English | ISBN: 1292020911 | 2014 | 680 pages | PDF | 463 MB

McKnight’s Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation, 11th international edition
Were you looking for the book with access to MasteringGeography? This product is the book alone and does NOT come with access to MasteringGeography. Buy the book and access card package to save money on this resource.

Continuing Tom L. McKnight's well-known thematic focus on landscape appreciation, Darrel Hess offers a broad survey of all of the physical processes and spatial patterns that create Earth's physical landscape. McKnight's Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation provides a clear writing style, superior art program, and abundant pedagogy to appeal to a wide variety of students. This new edition offers a truly meaningful integration of visualization, technology, the latest applied science, and new pedagogy, providing essential tools and opportunities to teach and engage students in these processes and patterns.

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Non-standard Spatial Statistics and Spatial Econometrics

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Non-standard Spatial Statistics and Spatial Econometrics (Advances in Geographic Information Science) by Daniel A. Griffith and Jean H. Paul Paelinck
English | 2011-01-11 | ISBN: 3642160425 | PDF | 300 pages | 5,7 MB

Non-standard Spatial Statistics and Spatial Econometrics
Despite spatial statistics and spatial econometrics both being recent sprouts of the general tree "spatial analysis with measurement"-some may remember the debate after WWII about "theory without measurement" versus "measurement without theory"-several general themes have emerged in the pertaining literature. But exploring selected other fields of possible interest is tantalizing, and this is what the authors intend to report here, hoping that they will suscitate interest in the methodologies exposed and possible further applications of these methodologies. The authors hope that reactions about their publication will ensue, and they would be grateful to reader(s) motivated by some of the research efforts exposed hereafter letting them know about these experiences.
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Eco-city Planning: Policies, Practice and Design

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Eco-city Planning: Policies, Practice and Design by Tai-Chee Wong
English | 2011 | ISBN: 9400703821 | 319 Pages | PDF | 8 MB
Eco-city planning is a key element of urban land use planning in perspective and of ongoing debate of environmental urban sustainable development with a spatial and practical dimension.

Eco-city Planning: Policies, Practice and Design
The conceptual basis of ecological planning is that we can no longer afford to be merely human-centred in approach. Instead, the interdependency of human and non-human species has forced us to appreciate the rights' and intrinsic values' of non-human species in our pursuit for a sustainable ecosystem. This volume has as approach an emphasis on environmental planning policies whereby, for example, energy saving, anti-pollution measures, use of non-car modes, construction of green buildings, safeguarding of nature and natural habitats in urban areas, and use of more renewable resourcesare promotional norms. Their aims and leading outcome serve to protect the Earth from adverse effects of global warming and different sources of pollution threatening the quality of life of human societies.
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Palaces and Power in the Americas: From Peru to the Northwest Coast

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Jessica Joyce Christie, Patricia Joan Sarro, "Palaces and Power in the Americas: From Peru to the Northwest Coast"
2006 | ISBN-10: 0292709846, 029272599X | 432 pages | PDF | 16 MB

Palaces and Power in the Americas: From Peru to the Northwest Coast
Ancient American palaces still captivate those who stand before them. Even in their fallen and ruined condition, the palaces project such power that, according to the editors of this new collection, it must have been deliberately drawn into their formal designs, spatial layouts, and choice of locations. Such messages separated palaces from other elite architecture and reinforced the power and privilege of those residing in them. Indeed, as Christie and Sarro write, "the relation between political power and architecture is a pervasive and intriguing theme in the Americas." Given the variety of cultures, time periods, and geographical locations examined within, the editors of this book have grouped the articles into four sections.The first looks at palaces in cultures where they have not previously been identified, including the Huaca of Moche Site, the Wari of Peru, and Chaco Canyon in the U.S. Southwest. The second section discusses palaces as "stage sets" that express power, such as those found among the Maya, among the Coast Salish of the Pacific Northwest, and at El Tajin on the Mexican Gulf Coast. The third part of the volume presents cases in which differences in elite residences imply differences in social status, with examples from Pasado de la Amada, the Valley of Oaxaca, Teotihuacan, and the Aztecs. The final section compares architectural strategies between cultures; the models here are Farfan, Peru, under both the Chimu and the Inka, and the separate states of the Maya and the Inka. Such scope, and the quality of the scholarship, make "Palaces and Power in the Americas" a must-have work on the subject.
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Spatial Data Modelling for 3D GIS

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Alias Abdul-Rahman, Morakot Pilouk, "Spatial Data Modelling for 3D GIS"
English | 2008 | ISBN: 3540741666 | PDF | pages: 290 | 4,7 mb

Spatial Data Modelling for 3D GIS (Repost)
This book covers fundamental aspects of spatial data modelling specifically on the aspect of three-dimensional (3D) modelling and structuring. Realisation of "true" 3D GIS spatial system needs a lot of effort, and the process is taking place in various research centres and universities in some countries. The development of spatial data modelling for 3D objects is the focus of this book.

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