Tag Archives: theorists

Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment

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Natasha Gill, "Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment"
English | 2010 | ISBN-10: 0754662896 | 304 pages | PDF | 4 MB

Educational Philosophy in the French Enlightenment
Though Emile is still considered the central pedagogical text of the French Enlightenment, a myriad of lesser-known thinkers paved the way for Rousseau's masterpiece. Natasha Gill traces the arc of these thinkers as they sought to reveal the correlation between early childhood experiences and the success or failure of social and political relations, and set the terms for the modern debate about the influence of nature and nurture in individual growth and collective life. Gill offers a comprehensive analysis of the rich cross-fertilization between educational and philosophical thought in the French Enlightenment. She begins by showing how in Some Thoughts Concerning Education John Locke set the stage for the French debate by transposing key themes from his philosophy into an educational context. Her treatment of the abbe Claude Fleury, the rector of the University of Paris Charles Rollin, and Swiss educator Jean-Pierre de Crousaz illustrates the extent to which early Enlightenment theorists reevaluated childhood and learning methods on the basis of sensationist psychology. Etienne-Gabriel Morelly, usually studied as a marginal thinker in the history of utopian thought, is here revealed as the most important precursor to Rousseau, and the first theorist to claim education as the vehicle through which individual liberation, social harmony and political unity could be achieved. Gill concludes with an analysis of the educational-philosophical dispute between Helvetius and Rousseau, and traces the influence of pedagogical theory on the political debate surrounding the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1762.

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Addiction and Responsibility

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Jeffrey Poland, George Graham, "Addiction and Responsibility"
English | 2011 | ISBN-10: 0262015501 | 320 pages | PDF | 18 MB

Addiction and Responsibility
Addictive behavior threatens not just the addict's happiness and health but also the welfare and well-being of others. It represents a loss of self-control and a variety of other cognitive impairments and behavioral deficits. An addict may say, "I couldn't help myself." But questions arise: are we responsible for our addictions? And what responsibilities do others have to help us? This volume offers a range of perspectives on addiction and responsibility and how the two are bound together. Distinguished contributors — from theorists to clinicians, from neuroscientists and psychologists to philosophers and legal scholars — discuss these questions in essays using a variety of conceptual and investigative tools.

Some contributors offer models of addiction-related phenomena, including theories of incentive sensitization, ego-depletion, and pathological affect; others address such traditional philosophical questions as free will and agency, mind-body, and other minds. Two essays, written by scholars who were themselves addicts, attempt to integrate first-person phenomenological accounts with the third-person perspective of the sciences. Contributors distinguish among moral responsibility, legal responsibility, and the ethical responsibility of clinicians and researchers. Taken together, the essays offer a forceful argument that we cannot fully understand addiction if we do not also understand responsibility.

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Measured Tones: The Interplay of Physics and Music,2nd Edition

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Measured Tones: The Interplay of Physics and Music,2nd Edition by Ian Johnston
English | Mar 1, 2002 | ISBN: 0750307625 | 420 Pages | PDF | 13 MB
There has always been a close connection between physics and music. From the great days of ancient Greek science, ideas and speculations have passed backward and forward between natural philosophers (physicists) and musical theorists. Measured Tones: The Interplay of Physics and Music, Second Edition explores the story of that relationship in an entertaining and user-friendly way.

Measured Tones: The Interplay of Physics and Music,2nd Edition
The book provides an easy-to-understand introduction to the physics involved in every stage of the music making process: from the very earliest experiments on vibrating strings and primitive sound makers to the latest concerns of digital sound recording, MP3 files, and information theory. At the same time, it examines the story of our developing concept of the universe we live in: from the ancient visions of a cosmos regulated by the music of the spheres to our current understanding of an expanding universe controlled by the laws of quantum mechanics and string theory. Running through all this is one recurring question – the so-called puzzle of consonance. Why do humans respond to music and musical sounds the way they do? It is the attempts by musicians and scientists through the ages to apply new knowledge to answer this question that gives this story its fascination.

Measured Tones should provide rewarding reading for any physics teacher or student who would like to know more about music and where it impinges on their subject as well as for anyone who is musically inclined.
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ERM – Enterprise Risk Management: Issues and Cases

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ERM – Enterprise Risk Management: Issues and Cases by Jean-Paul Louisot and Christopher Ketcham
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1118539524 | pages | PDF | 8,6 MB

ERM – Enterprise Risk Management: Issues and Cases
A wealth of international case studies illustrating current issues and emerging best practices in enterprise risk management

Despite enterprise risk management's relative newness as a recognized business discipline, the marketplace is replete with guides and references for ERM practitioners. Yet, until now, few case studies illustrating ERM in action have appeared in the literature. One reason for this is that, until recently, there were many disparate, even conflicting definitions of what, exactly ERM is and, more importantly, how organizations can use it to utmost advantage. With efforts underway, internationally, to mandate ERM and to standardize ERM standards and practices, the need has never been greater for an authoritative resource offering risk management professionals authoritative coverage of the full array of contemporary ERM issues and challenges. Written by two recognized international thought leaders in the field, ERM-Enterprise Risk Management provides that and much more.

Packed with international cases studies illustrating ERM best practices applicable across all industry sectors and business models
Explores contemporary issues, including quantitative and qualitative measures, as well as potential pitfalls and challenges facing today's enterprise risk managers
Includes interviews with leading risk management theorists and practitioners, as well as risk managers from a variety of industries
An indispensable working resource for risk management practitioners everywhere and a valuable reference for researchers, providing the latest empirical evidence and an exhaustive bibliography
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The Guitar and Its Music from the Renaissance to the Classical Era by James Tyler

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The Guitar and Its Music from the Renaissance to the Classical Era by James Tyler
English | Jan 25, 2007 | ISBN: 0199214778 | 349 Pages | PDF | 20,1 MB

The Guitar and Its Music from the Renaissance to the Classical Era by James Tyler (Repost)
Following on from James Tyler's The Early Guitar: A History and Handbook(O.U.P. 1980) this collaboration with Paul Sparks (their previous book for O.U.P., The Early Mandolin, appeared in 1989), presents new ideas and research on the history and development of the guitar and its music from the Renaissance to the dawn of the Classical era. Tyler's systematic study of the two main guitar types found between about 1550 and 1750 focuses principally on what the sources of the music (published and manuscript) and the writings of contemporary theorists reveal about the nature of the instruments and their roles in the music making of the period. The annotated lists of primary sources, previously published in The Early Guitar but now revised and expanded, constitute the most comprehensive bibliography of Baroque guitar music to date. His appendices of performance practice information should also prove indispensable to performers and scholars alike. Paul Sparks also breaks new ground, offering an extensive study of a period in the guitar's history-notably c.1759-c.1800-which the standard histories usually dismiss in a few short paragraphs. Far from being a dormant instrument at this time, the guitar is shown to have been central to music-making in France, Italy, the Iberian Peninsula, and South America. Sparks provides a wealth of information about players, composers, instruments, and surviving compositions from this neglected but important period, and he examines how the five-course guitar gradually gave way to the six-string instrument, a process that occurred in very different ways (and at different times) in France, Italy, Spain, Germany, and Britain.

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The Dark Side of Modernity

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The Dark Side of Modernity by Jeffrey C. Alexander
English | 2013 | ISBN: 0745648215 , 0745648223 | 200 pages | PDF | 0,7 MB
In this book, one of the world's leading social theorists presents a critical, alarmed, but also nuanced understanding of the post-traditional world we inhabit today. Jeffrey Alexander writes about modernity as historical time and social condition, but also as ideology and utopia.

The Dark Side of Modernity
The idea of modernity embodies the Enlightenment's noble hopes for progress and rationality, but its reality brings great suffering and exposes the destructive impulses that continue to motivate humankind.

Alexander examines how twentieth-century theorists struggled to comprehend the Janus-faced character of modernity, which looks backward and forward at the same time. Weber linked the triumph of worldly asceticism to liberating autonomy but also ruthless domination, describing flights from rationalization as systemic and dangerous. Simmel pointed to the otherness haunting modernity, even as he normalized the stranger. Eisenstadt celebrated Axial Age transcendence, but acknowledged its increasing capacity for barbarity. Parsons heralded American community, but ignored modernity's fragmentations.

Rather than seeking to resolve modernity's contradictions, Alexander argues that social theory should accept its Janus-faced character. It is a dangerous delusion to think that modernity can eliminate evil. Civil inclusion and anti-civil exclusion are intertwined. Alexander enumerates dangerous frictions endemic to modernity, but he also suggests new lines of social amelioration and emotional repair.
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A Political Companion to Herman Melville

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Jason Frank, "A Political Companion to Herman Melville"
English | ISBN: 081314387X | 2014 | PDF | 456 pages | 8,7 MB

A Political Companion to Herman Melville
Herman Melville is widely considered to be one of America's greatest authors, and countless literary theorists and critics have studied his life and work. However, political theorists have tended to avoid Melville, turning rather to such contemporaries as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau to understand the political thought of the American Renaissance. While Melville was not an activist in the traditional sense and his philosophy is notoriously difficult to categorize, his work is nevertheless deeply political in its own right. As editor Jason Frank notes in his introduction to , Melville's writing "strikes a note of dissonance in the pre-established harmonies of the American political tradition."

This unique volume explores Melville's politics by surveying the full range of his work — from Typee (1846) to the posthumously published Billy Budd (1924). The contributors give historical context to Melville's writings and place him in conversation with political and theoretical debates, examining his relationship to transcendentalism and contemporary continental philosophy and addressing his work's relevance to topics such as nineteenth-century imperialism, twentieth-century legal theory, the anti-rent wars of the 1840s, and the civil rights movement. From these analyses emerges a new and challenging portrait of Melville as a political thinker of the first order, one that will establish his importance not only for nineteenth-century American political thought but also for political theory more broadly.
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Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age

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Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age By Peter Paret
1986 | 952 Pages | ISBN: 0691027641 , 0691092354 | PDF | 17 MB

Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age
The essays in this volume analyze war, its strategic characterisitics and its political and social functions, over the past five centuries. The diversity of its themes and the broad perspectives applied to them make the book a work of general history as much as a history of the theory and practice of war from the Renaissance to the present. takes the first part of its title from an earlier collection of essays, published by Princeton University Press in 1943, which became a classic of historical scholarship. Three essays are repinted from the earlier book; four others have been extensively revised. The rest–twenty-two essays–are new.
The subjects addressed range from major theorists and political and military leaders to impersonal forces. Machiavelli, Clausewitz, and Marx and Engels are discussed, as are Napoleon, Churchill, and Mao. Other essays trace the interaction of theory and experience over generations–the evolution of American strategy, for instance, or the emergence of revolutionary war in the modern world. Still others analyze the strategy of particular conflicts–the First and Second World Wars–or the relationship between technology, policy, and war in the nuclear age. Whatever its theme, each essay places the specifics of military thought and action in their political, social, and economic environment. Together the contributors have produced a book that reinterprets and illuminates war, one of the most powerful forces in history and one that cannot be controlled in the future without an understanding of its past.
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Essential Criminology (3rd edition)

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Mark M Lanier, Stuart Henry, "Essential Criminology (3rd edition)"
2009 | ISBN-10: 0813344166 | 504 pages | PDF | 51 MB

Essential Criminology (3rd edition)
This bestselling core text for crime and criminology courses has been fully revised and updated to address cutting-edge theory and fundamental world changes that are altering the way we think about crime. In the third edition of "Essential Criminology", authors Mark M. Lanier and Stuart Henry build upon their critical review of criminology, expanding their coverage of the multifaceted "Crime Prism", adding boxed readings by both international theorists and students, and identifying the six fundamental world changes that are altering the way we think about crime. By reframing crime and its control in the context of global interdependence, the communications revolution, and changing perceptions of national security, the authors ask: what kind of criminology is needed for the twenty-first century? With cutting-edge updates and illustrative real-world examples of everything from Blackwater to government surveillance and Lombroso's legacy to the global spread of disease, this text is a necessity for both undergraduate and graduate courses in criminology.
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Field Theories of Condensed Matter Physics

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Field Theories of Condensed Matter Physics
English | Physics, Mechanics | 28. February 2013 | ISBN-10: 0521764440 | 852 pages | pdf | 5 mb
Presenting the physics of the most challenging problems in condensed matter using the conceptual framework of quantum field theory, this book is of great interest to physicists in condensed matter and high energy and string theorists, as well as mathematicians.

Field Theories of Condensed Matter Physics
Revised and updated, this second edition features new chapters on the renormalization group, the Luttinger liquid, gauge theory, topological fluids, topological insulators and quantum entanglement. The book begins with the basic concepts and tools, developing them gradually to bring readers to the issues currently faced at the frontiers of research, such as topological phases of matter, quantum and classical critical phenomena, quantum Hall effects and superconductors. Other topics covered include one-dimensional strongly correlated systems, quantum ordered and disordered phases, topological structures in condensed matter and in field theory and fractional statistics.
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