Tag Archives: twentieth century

Augustine for the Philosophers: The Rhetor of Hippo, the Confessions, and the Continentals

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Calvin L. Troup, "Augustine for the Philosophers: The Rhetor of Hippo, the Confessions, and the Continentals"
English | ISBN: 1481300873 | 2014 | 238 pages | PDF | 2 MB

Augustine for the Philosophers: The Rhetor of Hippo, the Confessions, and the Continentals
St. Augustine of Hippo, largely considered the greatest thinker of Christian antiquity, has long dominated theological conversations. Augustine's legacy as a theologian endures. However, Augustine's contributions to rhetoric and the philosophy of communication remain relatively uncharted. Augustine for the Philosophers recovers these contributions, revisiting Augustine's prominence in the work of continental philosophers who shaped rhetoric and the philosophy of communication in the twentieth century. Hannah Arendt, Albert Camus, Jacques Ellul, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Martin Heidegger, Edmund Husserl, Jean-Francois Lyotard, and Paul Ricoeur are paired with Augustine in significant conversations close to the center of their work. Augustine for the Philosophers dares to hold Augustine's rhetoric and philosophy in dynamic tension with his Christianity, provoking serious reconsideration of Augustine, his presence in twentieth-century continental thought, and his influence upon modern rhetoric and communication studies.
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Modernist Fiction and Vagueness: Philosophy, Form, and Language

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Modernist Fiction and Vagueness: Philosophy, Form, and Language by Megan Quigley
English | Feb 28, 2015 | ISBN: 110708959X | 246 Pages | EPUB/MOBI/AZW/PDF (Converted) | 5 MB
Modernist Fiction and Vagueness marries the artistic and philosophical versions of vagueness, linking the development of literary modernism to changes in philosophy. This book argues that the problem of vagueness – language's unavoidable imprecision – led to transformations in both fiction and philosophy in the early twentieth century.

Modernist Fiction and Vagueness: Philosophy, Form, and Language
Both twentieth-century philosophers and their literary counterparts (including James, Eliot, Woolf, and Joyce) were fascinated by the vagueness of words and the dream of creating a perfectly precise language. Building on recent interest in the connections among analytic philosophy, pragmatism, and modern literature, Modernist Fiction and Vagueness demonstrates that vagueness should be read not as an artistic problem but as a defining quality of modernist fiction.
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The Dark Side of Modernity

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The Dark Side of Modernity by Jeffrey C. Alexander
English | 2013 | ISBN: 0745648215 , 0745648223 | 200 pages | PDF | 0,7 MB
In this book, one of the world's leading social theorists presents a critical, alarmed, but also nuanced understanding of the post-traditional world we inhabit today. Jeffrey Alexander writes about modernity as historical time and social condition, but also as ideology and utopia.

The Dark Side of Modernity
The idea of modernity embodies the Enlightenment's noble hopes for progress and rationality, but its reality brings great suffering and exposes the destructive impulses that continue to motivate humankind.

Alexander examines how twentieth-century theorists struggled to comprehend the Janus-faced character of modernity, which looks backward and forward at the same time. Weber linked the triumph of worldly asceticism to liberating autonomy but also ruthless domination, describing flights from rationalization as systemic and dangerous. Simmel pointed to the otherness haunting modernity, even as he normalized the stranger. Eisenstadt celebrated Axial Age transcendence, but acknowledged its increasing capacity for barbarity. Parsons heralded American community, but ignored modernity's fragmentations.

Rather than seeking to resolve modernity's contradictions, Alexander argues that social theory should accept its Janus-faced character. It is a dangerous delusion to think that modernity can eliminate evil. Civil inclusion and anti-civil exclusion are intertwined. Alexander enumerates dangerous frictions endemic to modernity, but he also suggests new lines of social amelioration and emotional repair.
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West African Narratives of Slavery: Texts from Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Ghana

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Sandra E. Greene, "West African Narratives of Slavery: Texts from Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Ghana"
Publisher: Indiana University Press | ISBN: 025322294X | 2011 | PDF | 300 pages | 3.7 MB

West African Narratives of Slavery: Texts from Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Ghana
Slavery in Africa existed for hundreds of years before it was abolished in the late 19th century. Yet, we know little about how enslaved individuals, especially those who never left Africa, talked about their experiences. Collecting never before published or translated narratives of Africans from southeastern Ghana, Sandra E. Greene explores how these writings reveal the thoughts, emotions, and memories of those who experienced slavery and the slave trade.
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A Political Companion to Herman Melville

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Jason Frank, "A Political Companion to Herman Melville"
English | ISBN: 081314387X | 2014 | PDF | 456 pages | 8,7 MB

A Political Companion to Herman Melville
Herman Melville is widely considered to be one of America's greatest authors, and countless literary theorists and critics have studied his life and work. However, political theorists have tended to avoid Melville, turning rather to such contemporaries as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau to understand the political thought of the American Renaissance. While Melville was not an activist in the traditional sense and his philosophy is notoriously difficult to categorize, his work is nevertheless deeply political in its own right. As editor Jason Frank notes in his introduction to , Melville's writing "strikes a note of dissonance in the pre-established harmonies of the American political tradition."

This unique volume explores Melville's politics by surveying the full range of his work — from Typee (1846) to the posthumously published Billy Budd (1924). The contributors give historical context to Melville's writings and place him in conversation with political and theoretical debates, examining his relationship to transcendentalism and contemporary continental philosophy and addressing his work's relevance to topics such as nineteenth-century imperialism, twentieth-century legal theory, the anti-rent wars of the 1840s, and the civil rights movement. From these analyses emerges a new and challenging portrait of Melville as a political thinker of the first order, one that will establish his importance not only for nineteenth-century American political thought but also for political theory more broadly.
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Twentieth-Century Music and Politics: Essays in Memory of Neil Edmunds

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Twentieth-Century Music and Politics: Essays in Memory of Neil Edmunds by Pauline Fairclough
2013 | ISBN: 1409400263 | English | 292 pages | PDF | 3 MB

Twentieth-Century Music and Politics: Essays in Memory of Neil Edmunds
When considering the role music played in the major totalitarian regimes of the century it is music's usefulness as propaganda that leaps first to mind. But as a number of the chapters in this volume demonstrate, there is a complex relationship both between art music and politicised mass culture, and between entertainment and propaganda. Nationality, self/other, power and ideology are the dominant themes of this book, whilst key topics include: music in totalitarian regimes; music as propaganda; music and national identity; emigre communities and composers; music's role in shaping identities of 'self' and 'other' and music as both resistance to and instrument of oppression. Taking the contributions together it becomes clear that shared experiences such as war, dictatorship, colonialism, exile and emigration produced different, yet clearly inter-related musical consequences.
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Loading the Silence: Australian Sound Art in the Post-Digital Age

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Loading the Silence: Australian Sound Art in the Post-Digital Age by Linda Ioanna Kouvaras
2013 | ISBN: 1409441563 | English | 277 pages | PDF | 3 MB

Loading the Silence: Australian Sound Art in the Post-Digital Age
The experimentalist phenomenon of 'noise' as constituting 'art' in much twentieth-century music (paradoxically) reached its zenith in Cage's ('silent' piece,) 4'33". But much post-1970s musical endeavour with an experimentalist telos, collectively known as 'sound art', has displayed a postmodern need to 'load' modernism's 'degree zero'. After contextualizing experimentalism from its inception in the early twentieth century, Dr Linda Kouvaras's explores the ways in which selected sound art works demonstrate creatively how sound is embedded within local, national, gendered and historical environments. Taking Australian music as its primary — but not sole — focus, the book not only covers discussions of technological advancement, but also engages with aesthetic standpoints, through numerous interviews, theoretical developments, analysis and cultural milieu for a contemporary Australian, and wider postmodern, context. Developing new methodologies for synergies between musicology and cultural studies, the book uncovers a new post-postmodern aesthetic trajectory, which Kouvaras locates as developing over the past two decades — the altermodern. Australian sound art is here put firmly on the map of international debates about contemporary music, providing a standard reference and valuable resource for practitioners in the artform, music critics, scholars and educators.
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The Generalship of Alexander the Great

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The Generalship of Alexander the Great By J. F. C. Fuller
1958 | 320 Pages | ISBN: 0413235408 | scanned PDF | 23 MB

The Generalship of Alexander the Great
A brief and meteoric life (356–323 B.C.) Alexander was the greatest of all conquerors in the course of world history. He had a small army—seldom exceeding 40,000 men—but a constellation of bold, revolutionary ideas about the conduct of war and the nature of government. J. F. C. Fuller, one of the foremost military historians of the twentieth-century, was the first to analyze Alexander in terms of his leadership as a general.

He has divided his study into two parts.
• The first, entitled ”The Record,” describes the background of the era, Alexander’s character and training, the structure of the Macedonian army, and the geography of the world that determined the strategy of conquest.
• The second part, ”The Analysis,” takes apart the great battles, from Granicus to Hydaspes, and concludes with two chapters on Alexander’s statesmanship.

In a style both clear and witty, Fuller imparts the many sides to Alexander’s genius and the full extent of his empire, which stretched from India to Egypt.

"Of all General Fuller's billiant books – this one is a masterpiece" B. H. Liddell Hart 2004
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Roger Smalley: A Case Study of Late Twentieth-Century Composition

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Roger Smalley: A Case Study of Late Twentieth-Century Composition by Christopher Mark
English | 2012 | ISBN: 1409424111 | 288 pages | PDF | 15,3 MB

Roger Smalley: A Case Study of Late Twentieth-Century Composition
How does one go about writing the history of musical composition in the late twentieth century when, on the one hand, so much of it seems impossibly fractured and disassociated, and, on the other, there has been so little certainty about what the notion of 'music history' might entail under the critiques of post-modernism? One of the most productive ways forward is to pursue case studies involving single composers whose music reflects several aspects of recent activity. This enables the discussion of broad issues in a relatively focussed way whilst avoiding the pitfalls of traditional narrative histories and the centrifugal tendencies of the relativistic approach that some have called for. The music of the English-born (1943) and Australia-domiciled composer Roger Smalley is ideal material for such a study, because of his involvement with and response to an unusually large number of the myriad concerns and practices of post-1950s composition, including post-serial constructivism; parody; electro-acoustic composition and the electronic modification of conventionally-produced sound; Moment Form; aleatorism; minimalism; the use of non-Western resources (Aboriginal and South-East Asian sonorities); neo-Romanticism; and, arguably, the 'new classicism', as well as a brief flirtation with rock music in the late '60s. Employing an interview with the composer as a kind of cantus firmus, the book – the first extended single-author study of Smalley's music to be published – incorporates critical commentary on the composer's major works in a chronological narrative that engages with broad issues of central relevance to Smalley's generation, such as the process of learning the craft of composition in the early '60s; the motivation behind the adoption of certain technical and aesthetic positions; the effects on technical and aesthetic orientation of both the changing relationships between composer, performer, and audience and technological change; and, the distinction between 'late-' and 'post-' modernism in music.
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