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“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai

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"Advances in Crystallization Processes" ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
InTeOpP | 2012 | ISBN: 9535105817 9789535105817 | 659 pages | PDF | 51 MB
This book provides the latest research developments in many aspects of crystallization including: chiral crystallization, crystallization of nanomaterials and the crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials. This book is of interest to both fundamental research and also to practicing scientists and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in the process industries as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia.

“Advances in Crystallization Processes” ed. by Yitzhak Mastai
Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. In recent years, a number of new applications have also come to rely on crystallization processes such as the crystallization of nano and amorphous materials.

Contents
Section 1 Chiral crystallization
1 Separation of the Mixtures of Chiral Compounds by Crystallization
2 Crystallization on Self Assembled Monolayers
3 Asymmetric Reaction Using Molecular Chirality Controlled by Spontaneous Crystallization
Section 2 Crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials
4 Preparation of Na+ Superionic Conductors by Crystallization of Glass
5 Crystallization Kinetics of Metallic Glasses
6 Crystallization Kinetics of Amorphous Materials
7 Thermodynamics of Enthalpy Relaxation and Hole Formation of Polymer Glasses
8 Crystallization Behavior and Control of Amorphous Alloys
Section 3 Crystallization of nanomaterials
9 Influence of Crystallization on the Properties of Sn02 Thin Films
10 Crystallization of Sub-Micrometer Sized ZSM-5 Zeolites in SDA-Free Systems
11 The Growth of Chalcedony (Nanocrystalline Silica) in Electric Organs from Living Marine Fish
12 Synthesis and Characterization of Crystalline Zirconium Titanate Obtained by Sol-Gel
13 Characterization of Sol-Gel-Derived and Crystallized ??2, Zr02, Zr02-Y203 Thin Films on Si(001) Wafers with High Dielectric Constant
14 Crystalization in Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles
Section 4 Bulk Crystallization from Aqueous Solutions
15 Separation of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate Crystal from Dissolver Solution of Irradiated Fast Neutron Reactor Fuel
16 Stable and Metastable Phase Equilibria in the Salt-Water Systems
17 'Salt Weathering' Distress on Concrete by Sulfates?
18 Crystallization, Alternation and Recrystallization of Sulphates
Section 5 General issues in crystallization
19 Synthetic Methods for Perovskite Materials – Structure and Morphology
20 Phase Behavior and Crystal Structure of Binary Polycyclic Aromatic Compound Mixtures
21 Structure of Pure Aluminum After Endogenous and Exogenous Inoculation
22 Phosphoramidates: Molecular Packing and Hydrogen Bond Strength in Compounds Having a P(0)(N)n(0)3-n (n = 1, 2, 3) Skeleton
23 Synthesis and X-Ray Crystal Structure of a-Keggin-Type Aluminum-Substituted Polyoxotungstate
24 The Diffusion Model of Grown-ln Microdefects Formation During Crystallization of Dislocation-Free Silicon Single Crystals
25 Preparation of Carvedilol Spherical Crystals Having Solid Dispersion Structure by the Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method and Evaluation of Its in vitro Characteristics
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Ice Creams, Sorbets and Gelati: The Definitive Guide

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Ice Creams, Sorbets and Gelati: The Definitive Guide by Robin Weir
English | 2011 | ISBN: 1904943462 | 245 pages | PDF | 293 MB

Ice Creams, Sorbets and Gelati: The Definitive Guide
Twelve years after the publication of their previous book, the largest selling book on ICES that has ever been published, Caroline and Robin Weir return with the ultimate guide to Ice Cream, Gelato, and Sorbet. Since the first publication, over a decade of research and millions of calories have gone into this new book which has over 400 recipes covering ice creams, gelato, graniti, bombes, parfaits, instructions on making wafers, biscuits, punches, even ice creams for diabetics and vegans.This NEW book, with all areas expanded and updated, is for the beginner, the enthusiast, the cook, the expert, and the professional chef. All the recipes are written in the clearest terms in Metric, cup measurements, and Imperial weights and measures. All techniques are described in the simplest terms and all your questions are covered in this comprehensive book. There are new revelations, on the history of ice cream as well as the origin of the ice cream cone, plus dozens of new pictures and illustrations from the authors constantly expanding collection; there is also a section on both penny licks and some hilarious soda fountain lingo.There is also a comprehensive section on the physics and chemistry of all ices, as well as enough information to enable you to make almost anything into an ice. Should you want to go BIG on ice cream there is a section on equipment as well as a section on the chemistry and physics of ice cream and ices. If you have never tasted homemade ice cream, you are in for a revelation. If you have the previous book you are in for many inspired new flavors. These are not ice creams loaded with junk confectionery, these are pure unalloyed, straightforward ices, made from easily obtainable ingredients without additives.returncharacterreturncharacter returncharacterreturncharacter REVIEWS returncharacterreturncharacter"…filled with 400 recipes for all skill levels as well as more glorious history of ices from all over England and Europe and even America (the older book I have is also full of wonderful stories and great recipes). I recommend his books… they are indispensable when you are in the mood for the best ice cream ever. This is killer chocolate and the trick with the cocoa is genius. For it to be as good as Berthillon, it would have to be eaten in Paris (location, location, location). Absent that — this is great chocolate — one of the best I've had."Lost Past Remebered Blogspot
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Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI

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Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI by Golla Eranna
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1482232812 | 430 pages | PDF | 15 MB

Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI
Silicon, as a single-crystal semiconductor, has sparked a revolution in the field of electronics and touched nearly every field of science and technology. Though available abundantly as silica and in various other forms in nature, silicon is difficult to separate from its chemical compounds because of its reactivity. As a solid, silicon is chemically inert and stable, but growing it as a single crystal creates many technological challenges.
is one of the first books to cover the systematic growth of silicon single crystals and the complete evaluation of silicon, from sand to useful wafers for device fabrication. Written for engineers and researchers working in semiconductor fabrication industries, this practical text:
* Describes different techniques used to grow silicon single crystals
* Explains how grown single-crystal ingots become a complete silicon wafer for integrated-circuit fabrication
* Reviews different methods to evaluate silicon wafers to determine suitability for device applications
* Analyzes silicon wafers in terms of resistivity and impurity concentration mapping
* Examines the effect of intentional and unintentional impurities
* Explores the defects found in regular silicon-crystal lattice
* Discusses silicon wafer preparation for VLSI and ULSI processing
is an essential reference for different approaches to the selection of the basic silicon-containing compound, separation of silicon as metallurgical-grade pure silicon, subsequent purification, single-crystal growth, and defects and evaluation of the deviations within the grown crystals.
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Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology, 2nd Edition

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Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology (2nd Edition)
by Karen A. Reinhardt, ?Werner Kern
English | 2008 | ISBN: 0815515545 | 660 pages | PDF | 6.14 MB

The second Edition of the Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology is intended to provide knowledge of wet, plasma, and other surface conditioning techniques used to manufacture integrated circuits. The integration of the clean processes into the device manufacturing flow will be presented with respect to other manufacturing steps such as thermal, implant, etching, and photolithography processes. The Handbook discusses both wet and plasma-based cleaning technologies that are used for removing contamination, particles, residue, and photoresist from wafer surfaces. Both the process and the equipment are covered. A review of the current cleaning technologies is included. Also, advanced cleaning technologies that are under investigation for next generation processing are covered; including supercritical fluid, laser, and cryoaerosol cleaning techniques. Additionally theoretical aspects of the cleaning technologies and how these processes affect the wafer is discussed such as device damage and surface roughening will be discussed. The analysis of the wafers surface is outlined. A discussion of the new materials and the changes required for the surface conditioning process used for manufacturing is also included.

Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology, 2nd Edition
. Focused on silicon wafer cleaning techniques including wet, plasma, and other surface conditioning techniques used to manufacture integrated circuits.
. As this book covers the major technologies for removing contaminants, it is a reliable reference for anyone that manufactures integrated circuits, or supplies the semiconductor and microelectronics industries.
. Covers processes and equipment, as well as new materials and changes required for the surface conditioning process.
. Editors are two of the top names in the field and are both extensively published.
. Discusses next generation processing techniques including supercritical fluid, laser, and cryoaerosol.

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